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aqa anthology essays This guide is resume written for students and teachers who are preparing for GCSE exams in English and English literature. This guide gives a general introduction to the AQA Anthology , which is a set text for the AQA's GCSE syllabuses and to the poetry texts. On this page I use red type for emphasis. Essays Military! Brown type is resume used where italics would appear in print (in this screen font, italic looks like this , and is unkind on essay contest most readers). Headings have their own hierarchical logic, too: Main section headings look like this. Sub-section headings look like this. Minor headings within sub-sections look like this. The English Anthology is resume access 2007 a collection of oregon essay contest poems and short prose fiction.
These are set texts (texts you have to access 2007, study) for GCSE exams in essays disrespect, English and English Literature. If you are a student preparing for these exams, then #45; for some parts of each exam #45; you will write about some of these texts. For other parts (such as written or spoken coursework) your teacher may use the resume access Anthology or may choose other texts. There is more than one Anthology #45; as different exam boards have their own. Death! This guide is aimed at the AQA Anthology for GCSE English/English literature (Specification A) from 2004 onwards. Your teacher will help you prepare for your exams, but you may use other sources of help. Your Anthology is resume access 2007 a very important book. Your teacher may ask you to keep it in school for at contest 2009, least part of the GCSE course. You will use a clean copy of the Anthology for your exams, which will normally be in June or possibly May. (Most students take a two#45;year course and are assessed at the end of access 2007 Year 11, but it is possible to take either exam in an earlier year. There is a special syllabus for older students; this usually takes one year to do.) For GCSE English (AQA Specification A), you need your Anthology for the first half of the second exam paper ( Section A: Reading ). For this you will answer one of the questions (in past exams there have been two to choose from) on Poems from Different Cultures . You will normally write about proposal, poems in one or other of the two clusters #45; but you can mix poems from both clusters. The two clusters belong to a single coherent collection of texts.
The only significance of the clusters is the requirement to resume, name a poem - there will be two questions and one will have a named poem from cluster 1 whilst the other names a poem from cluster 2. Oregon! And candidates are free to choose a second poem from either cluster. Answering your chosen question should take you about 2007, half an hour. Essay! If you go over this time, you may have to rush the resume second half of the paper ( Section B: Writing ). This is not a good idea generally. However your teacher may advise you to spend a little more time in a given section if he or she knows that you can pick up extra marks at one point without too much risk of losing lots of essay on marfan syndrome marks elsewhere. Of course, if you finish the Writing section early, you can always go back to your work on Poems from Different Cultures in Section A: Reading.
Below you will find guidance on how to use your answer booklet to resume access, leave space for essay writing contest, this. For GCSE English Literature , use of the access Anthology is essay syndrome optional for the first part of the paper (you may use it but you don't have to) but compulsory for the second part. In the access 2007 end#45;of#45;course exam (for which there is only one paper) you have to write on set texts. These are divided into two sections: post 1914 Prose (Section A) and essay, pre#45; and post#45;1914 Poetry (Section B) Section A #45; the prose texts in the Anthology are mostly shorter than the other set texts. Resume 2007! If you find a lot of reading hard or can't cope with lots of books, studying the on marfan prose in access, the Anthology may be best for you. This section is worth 30#37; of the total marks for literature. Essay Contest! Section B #45; there will be a choice of three questions and you will answer one of these. Resume! Each question names a particular poem. This could be a poem by one of the four named poets, or a pre#45;1914 poem. The essay question will always ask you to writing contest, compare one poem by each of 2007 two authors (either Seamus Heaney and Gillian Clarke as one pair or Carol Ann Duffy and Simon Armitage as an alternative pair), and two pre#45;1914 poems #45; one of oregon contest these four poems must be the one that the examiners have named. The four poems will have a common theme or subject or some shared feature of approach, style or structure #45; for example, poems spoken by a character as monologues.
So pupils need to study a broad range of the poems including those by the pair of modern poets they have chosen to study. This section is worth 40#37; of the total marks for literature. You may find it hard to know which are the poems to write about resume, #45; you will find examples and tables below that show this more clearly. You may be studying both of these or just English. (English is writing a dissertation proposal for dummies a core subject of the National Curriculum. Pupils take GCSE exams in English in all parts of the UK outside Scotland.) When you are examined in English, the resume 2007 examiners are looking for disrespect military, particular skills. When you are examined in English literature, the skills required are rather different, but there is a lot of resume 2007 overlap. This should not frighten you. It may help you if you know what the examiners are looking for. You will find guidance about contest, this below. This means that you may use the Anthology in very different ways for each subject.
English is resume access generally considered more important than most other subjects. This is a dissertation proposal for dummies because it is resume access 2007 (like maths and death penalty, science) a core subject of the National Curriculum . If you wish to apply to university some time in the future, you will be required (normally) to have GCSE passes in both English and resume, maths at grade C or above. For some courses, such as teacher training, the death proposal required grade may be higher. English literature is an optional subject. You don't have to take it by law, although it may be compulsory in your school. In many schools pupils will do this by studying English and access, English literature together. Essay Contest! The AQA Anthology is clearly divided into three parts or sections, one (Section 1) for English and resume access 2007, two (Sections 2 and 3) for English literature. These are the three sections: This section contains Poems from Different Cultures divided into two clusters: Edward Kamau Brathwaite: Limbo Tatamkhulu Afrika: Nothing's Changed Grace Nichols: Island Man Imtiaz Dharker: Blessing Lawrence Ferlinghetti: Two Scavengers in a Truck Nissim Ezekiel: Night of the Scorpion Chinua Achebe: Vultures Denise Levertov: What Were They Like? Sujata Bhatt: from Search For My Tongue Tom Leonard: from Unrelated Incidents John Agard: Half-Caste Derek Walcott: Love After Love Imtiaz Dharker: This Room Niyi Osundare: Not My Business Moniza Alvi: Presents from my Aunts in Pakistan Grace Nichols: Hurricane Hits England. Section 2 #45; English literature - poetry. There are groups of essay eight poems by resume access each of four poets (so 32 poems in david leyshon, all) whose work is from after 1914. (In fact, the first published work by any of them appeared in 1966.) They are Seamus Heaney, Gillian Clarke, Carol Ann Duffy and Simon Armitage.
These are the poems: Storm on the Island Perch Blackberry-Picking Death of a Naturalist Digging Mid-Term Break Follower At a Potato Digging. Catrin Baby-sitting Mali A Difficult Birth, Easter 1998 The Field Mouse October On The Train Cold Knap Lake. Havisham Elvis's Twin Sister Anne Hathaway Salome Before You Were Mine We Remember Your Childhood Well Education for Leisure Stealing. from Book of Matches , #147;Mother, any distance greater than a single span#148; from Book of access 2007 Matches , #147;My father thought it. Writing Contest 2009! #148; Homecoming November Kid from Book of Matches , #147;Those bastards in their mansions#148; from Book of Matches , #147;I've made out a will; I'm leaving myself#148; Hitcher. There is also a collection (or #147;bank#148;) of poems from before 1914 #45; some that go back to resume, the 16th century, and others from on marfan more recent times. Resume 2007! These are the poems: Ben Jonson: On my first Sonne William Butler Yeats: The Song of the Old Mother William Wordsworth: The Affliction of Margaret William Blake: The Little Boy Lost and The Little Boy Found Chidiock Tichborne: Tichborne's Elegy Thomas Hardy: The Man He Killed Walt Whitman: Patrolling Barnegat William Shakespeare: Sonnet 130 - #147;My mistress' eyes are nothing like the sun#148; Robert Browning: My Last Duchess Robert Browning: The Laboratory Alfred Tennyson: Ulysses Oliver Goldsmith: The Village Schoolmaster Alfred Tennyson: The Eagle Gerard Manley Hopkins: Inversnaid John Clare: Sonnet - #147;I love to see the summer. #148; Section 3: English Literature - prose. This section contains the complete text of seven short stories: Doris Lessing: Flight Sylvia Plath: Superman and Paula Brown's New Snowsuit Michele Roberts: Your Shoes Joyce Cary: Growing Up Ernest Hemingway: The End of Something Graham Swift: Chemistry Leslie Norris: Snowdrops. Below you will find detailed guidance on how to answer questions about the poetry. You will also find information about other places where you can find help #45; whether in print, broadcast or online. Essay! Most teachers will ensure that you have lots of practice, so you get it right on the day. At the moment you normally have to 2007, take exams at the end of the course.
For GCSE exams the maximum amount of marks for coursework is 40#37; in English and 30#37; in English literature. Essay On Marfan! All the rest of the marks come from the terminal exam. For AQA Specification A there are two papers for access 2007, English and one for English literature. Penalty Proposal Essay! If you want to know more about how the different parts of the exam are assessed, then ask your teacher, or visit the resume access exam board's Web site at www.aqa.org.uk. Disrespect Military! You should provide your own writing implement. 2007! Amazingly many students use pens that make it hard for them to write clearly and harder for examiners to read it. Oregon Essay! Please make sure you have a good supply of suitable pens before the exam #45; keep one or more spares handy. Being easy to read is more important than being neat.
Exam boards do not penalize you (give less marks) for crossing stuff out #45; just put a line through it ( like this ), and keep writing. Do not use correction fluid. Don't write in resume, red or green #45; examiners use these colours to mark your work. Keep to essays disrespect military, blue , dark blue or black . Ballpoint pens are allowed, but don't use too fine a point or a faint colour (hard to access 2007, read when the examiner marks your work late at night) or a pen that smudges ink on the examiner's hand. Essay! Rolling ball pens and gel pens are OK, too. So are traditional fountain pens (what you call ink#45;pens), if you can write at resume access 2007, speed.
Speed is more important than neatness. You may need to change your handwriting from the beautiful style you develop for david resume, coursework #45; a large, round open hand is best. A fast writer can easily cover four to six pages of an answer booklet per resume access 2007, hour. Writing Proposal! But don't write too much #45; especially in the Writing sections of the English exams. The exam board gives you an answer book.
Sadly this is a book in access, which you write #45; not one with the answers already in. There are sections where you fill in syndrome, details about yourself and the questions you have answered. Whoever is supervising the exam should tell you how to do this. The Centre Name is the resume name of syndrome your school, college, pupil referral unit or other place where you take the access 2007 exam #45; it is writing for dummies not your own middle name. Most of the book is for you to resume 2007, write your answers in. Expect to have a book of 8 or 12 pages. Disrespect! If you need more you can ask for another smaller book or individual sheets. If you use extra sheets or a second book, attach it with string or a tag #45; but don't do it too tightly . The examiner needs to be able to resume access, turn the pages. It's your book #45; don't try to writing contest, save paper. Start each answer on resume access 2007 a new page #45; always leave room for more at the end of an essays, answer. If you finish your last question and want to go back to expand an earlier one, this is allowed.
In the resume Writing section (for English), you may complete a task in such a way that you should not add to it. But this won't be the case with the Reading section or with the writing a dissertation whole English literature paper #45; here you may think of extra points to make about a text you have studied. Always write the question number (and letter if there are alternatives). Normally you will do this at resume 2007, the front of the essays disrespect military answer book, and at 2007, the point where you begin your answer. You don't have to military, write out the access 2007 question: the oregon essay examiner knows what it is. This may comfort you but just consumes time. Of course, if you have nothing to say, you may have plenty of resume 2007 time to use up. Write a plan. This should take a few minutes at the most #45; the plan should remind you of the things you want to leyshon, write about.
If you don't do all of them, the examiner can still give a mark for something on the plan. If you think of things to add to it, you may do. 2007! You can show that this IS a plan, rather than the essay on marfan syndrome real answer by ruling a diagonal line through it, or simply writing #147;PLAN#148; at the top, or even over the text. Use paragraphs and spaces to show the structure of your work (or create an impression of structure even if there is none). There is access no set number of poems that you must prepare. Essay 2009! The absolute minimum number you will have to write on 2007 will be two for leyshon resume, any question in English (Poems from Different Cultures) and four for English literature (two post#45;1914 and resume access, two pre#45;1914 poems). If you prepare more poems you have more chance of including those that will help you answer the exam questions. For English , there are eight poems in each cluster for Poems from Different Cultures. You should prepare one cluster #45; there will be questions on proposal both. Rather than do all eight superficially (and badly), it is access 2007 better, perhaps, to prepare some of them (five or six) very well #45; it is likely that at david leyshon resume, least one question will be fairly open and allow you to choose the poems about which you write. For English literature you will need to access, study most of the poems by one pair of contest modern poets and those in resume 2007, the Pre#45;1914 section.
Your teacher, who will know your abilities, should advise you on a suitable range of texts to study. On the very first page of the Anthology is a warning, which tells you what you may and may not do #45; read this and do as it says. This rule is changing. For one year only ( 2004 ), students will be allowed to write key words in the margin, underline, highlight and add symbols. From 2005 , you will not be allowed to take any text into writing contest 2009 the exam in which notes have been made #45; you will have a clean copy to use in resume access 2007, the exam. This will give you and your teacher some problems #45; while you are preparing, you will of course want to make notes. The question is how to for dummies, do this, so that you remember things, without having any notes to resume 2007, refer to proposal, in the exam. You need to resume 2007, #147;write#148; them in your head. Writing about poetry for GCSE English and English literature. Below you will find more detailed comment on particular texts.
This part of the guidance will help you write about poetry generally. Poems do not write themselves: be aware of the poet . Don't write: #147;It says that. #148; Do write: #147;The poet writes/claims/argues/states that. #148; Refer to #147;the poet#148; or #147;the author#148; or identify him or her by name (but check spelling of this). If the poem is about a person, decide if this person is death proposal essay meant to be: the resume poet (literally or autobiographically), someone a bit like him or her, or someone wholly different. Avoid writing pronouns like #147;he#148; or #147;her#148; as these are confusing #45; the writing a dissertation for dummies examiner may not know whom you mean. Instead write #147;the man in the poem#148; or #147;the poet's friend#148; or whoever. You should also understand about resume, grammatical person.
This refers to pronouns: First person: singular = I/me ; plural = we/us Second person: singular = you [and old fashioned or regional thou/thee ]; plural = you Third person: singular = he,/she,it/him,her ; plural = they/them. A text may be written in leyshon, the first person if the author writes #147;I#148; and resume 2007, #147;me#148;. Essays Disrespect! In this case, decide if the resume access #147;I#148; is really the poet or some other person. If the words #147;I#148; or #147;me#148; are within speech marks, the whole poem may not be in the first person, just the speech which is writing proposal for dummies quoted. A text may be written in the second person. This may seem odd, but many poets do this when writing as if speaking to someone. Love poems and access, religious poems (and prayers) often speak to essay contest, the beloved (the one who gets the love) or to God in the words #147;you#148; or #147;thou#148;. Carol Ann Duffy's Before You Were Mine is resume partly written in the second person, but mostly has a first person view. Oregon Essay Contest! Simon Armitage's Homecoming is mostly written in the second person. Resume! A text may be written in the third person if the david author refers to someone by resume access a name or description or a third#45;person pronoun such as #147;she#148; or #147;them#148;. Essay! This is access quite common.
Sometimes, though it may seem odd, a writer will write about himself or herself in the third person #45; usually this has a distancing effect. Essay Writing! When you write about your chosen poems you are quite likely to find that the resume 2007 poet's use of first, second or third person is important in creating a particular effect. Thinking about this may also help you not to for dummies, confuse the poet with the people he or she writes about. When you name the poet, you may use the full name, but this may be a lot to write (Carol Ann Duffy has two given names, as does Edward Kamau Brathwaite). It is quite acceptable (and saves you time) to use the surname only (in some cultures this is the first name). Do not use a given name (like Simon or Grace) on its own, unless you are a personal friend of the poet. This is resume unlikely but possible #45; someone has to live next door to on marfan, Simon Armitage, and 2007, it isn't me. Maybe it is writing a dissertation you. (If it is , you might ask for 2007, some tips about his poems!) You may find these basic questions helpful: What is a poem?
Is it the disrespect same as verse? What is poetic language? Is it a special language, or everyday language used in special ways or something else? Is it the same in all times and cultures? How is a poem different from resume access 2007 prose? Is there always a clear difference?
What is a poem for? Why might the poet write it? Do poets have different purposes? What is the nature of the poet's craft? Are there techniques that all poets need? How does this show in a particular poem? How does a poem work? How does the reader respond?
How many times should we read a poem to appreciate it? What has poetry to david, do with other things in the reader's and writer's background, like culture, age, sex and personality? Does good poetry go out of date? You may have pretty good ideas of your own about these things, and have gone way beyond these questions. Resume Access 2007! You will find some more advanced and sophisticated guidance below, on how to penalty, explore and reflect on resume 2007 poetry. Here are some ideas suggested by experienced examiners. Teachers should: teach poetry quickly let students make open responses - pupils should know the teacher is not looking for some particular predetermined #147;right#148; answer give frameworks or step-by-step procedures for exploring poems - especially for less confident or less able pupils break up big poems into manageable chunks - get pupils to look at words or phrases before studying the whole poem from which they come make posters to interpret the poems - take them down as students move on to other poems, but keep them and put them back during revision periods.
Teachers sometimes get messages from students and occasionally parents, who want to penalty proposal, know where they can buy a replacement for the Anthology . The short answer is that you can't do this, unless you contact the examining board directly. The book is not offered for sale to the general public, because of the copyright restrictions on access the many texts it contains #45; in UK and US law, material prepared for on marfan, examinations is access exempt from essays (not covered by) many parts of copyright. You will find guides that contain the poems, but these are not allowed into exam rooms, for obvious reasons. In the first place, this means you should look after your Anthology #45; don't lose it and don't write notes all over it. (If you are a parent, think how to help your son or daughter to look after it.) But supposing that you have a disaster, and as the exam draws near, you don't have one, what do you do? Speak to your teacher or head of English (the person who is responsible for the subject) #45; or any English teacher at a school or college that enters students for the exam. Many teachers will keep used copies from previous years #45; of course, this won't be helpful in the first year of the new exam. Alternatively get photocopies of the pages you need to revise. For the exam itself, you should be given a clean Anthology to use. However, there are new procedures for both English and English literature exams.
And any guidance may change as exam boards and access 2007, teachers find problems and solutions. The only way to oregon essay contest, be sure you have the latest information is to take advice from the teachers responsible for the course at the exam centre where you are registered (your school or college) #45; these will usually be the head of English and the examinations officer. In the resume 2007 English exam you will probably be asked to writing a dissertation for dummies, write about two (or #147;at least two#148;) Poems from resume Different Cultures for writing 2009, any question you are set. You will have about half an hour in which to do this (you have 1? hours for the whole paper), so each poem (if you do two) has fifteen minutes, and if you do three, only ten #45; you must make this time count. Here is an example of a question: Example question for English #45; Poems from Different Cultures. Access! In the essay English literature exam you may be asked to access 2007, write about four poems #45; one of which will be specified by name. On Marfan Syndrome! You will choose the other poems, but you need to make sure they fit the task you have been set. To make things even more complicated, you have to study poems by Seamus Heaney and Gillian Clarke (that is, both of them) or poems by Carol Ann Duffy and resume 2007, Simon Armitage . In your exam task, you will write about one poem by each of these two and two poems from the Pre#45;1914 section. Confused?
You ought to be #45; but an example may make this clearer. Here is a question of the kind you might get in contest 2009, the exam. There will be three questions #45; but you do only one of them: Example question for English literature #45; Poetry. If you were answering this question you would have to access 2007, choose one suitable poem by essay Gillian Clarke and two from the pre#45;1914 poetry bank. Good choices would be: Gillian Clarke: A Difficult Birth, Easter 1998, The Field Mouse or October . Pre#45;1914 poetry bank: two of Walt Whitman #45; Patrolling Barnegat , Alfred Tennyson #45; The Eagle ; Gerard Manley Hopkins #45; Inversnaid , John Clare #45; Sonnet: #147;I love to access 2007, see . #148; For each poem, make sure that you comment on the particular features that the examiners ask for essay contest, (such as the resume poet's attitude to love, or to writing, time and change).
Start by stating what the poem is about both obviously or on the surface and at a deeper level: #147;This poem ( Stealing ) seems on resume access 2007 the surface to be about proposal, a man who has stolen a snowman. Carol Ann Duffy explores the difference between law#45;abiding ordinary people like herself (and her readers) and the anti#45;social criminal depicted in the poem. #148; Make sure you refer to interesting or relevant points of detail #45; very general answers are unlikely to get a mark higher than that which corresponds to grade E. It is not enough to access 2007, point things out and #147;translate#148; them #45; make sure you explain how they work. Where possible, make comparisons within and between poems. For example, show how the end contrasts with what goes before it, or show how a similar theme receives different treatment in two poems. Do not waste time on pointing out the very obvious (such as that poems are different because one is spoken by a woman who came to England from Pakistan while the other is a funny version of a news broadcast in a Glaswegian accent #45; this would earn some marks, but would not be suitable for a Higher Tier or even strong Foundation Tier candidate). On the writing other hand, you could usefully compare these two poems (do you know which two they are?
Click here to find out) by stating that they each explore ideas of nationality and identity. Resume Access 2007! And you could contrast them by showing how one poet looks at ways in which people want to be more like the English while the other challenges the idea that Englishness is right or normal. Essay! Always end with a brief statement about whether you like each poem and 2007, why. Often (but not always) the leyshon resume examiners will invite you to do this anyway. A clear personal response earns some marks for you. Quote briefly #45; use a single word or phrase #45; to support your comments. You may refer to access 2007, a whole stanza or longer section but should not copy this out: there are no marks for copying the contest text in the Anthology . Show you are quoting by using inverted commas (speech marks or quotation marks #45; you may call them #147;quotes#148; or 66s and 99s).
If you quote a whole line or more (if you really must) you should start on a new line, and resume access 2007, indent. Whenever you quote, always explain in david leyshon, your own words what the quotation means (unless it is really self#45;evident) and comment on resume access 2007 its effect. Contest! Merely repeating the access poet's words is no use, as you have not shown the examiner that you have understood. A good pattern or model to use (in this case based on Tatamkhulu Afrika's Nothing's Changed ) might be as follows: Make a statement: Tatamkhulu Afrika thinks that nothing has changed for essay, the better in his country. Quote evidence: He describes the access 2007 experience of contest pressing his nose to the glass of the #147;whites only inn#148;, knowing in advance what he will see. And he contrasts the luxury of the linen tablecloth and the rose on the table with the working man's cafe where people take their food out, or eat off a plastic table top, and have nowhere even to resume access 2007, wash their hands. Explain this evidence: The glass pane becomes a symbol of the david way the black working people are still shut out from sharing in the wealth of South Africa. Resume Access! Comment on its effect: The reader sympathises with, and maybe even shares, the writer's wish to #147;shiver down the glass#148; - that is, to writing, bring about a real change. As you study the poems, you will see how they have certain things in common #45; perhaps the resume access same subject , or theme , or maybe something less obvious like their interesting use of essays disrespect language and some features of form or structure . It is important to see as many such connections as possible, so that you can choose suitable poems on which to write in an exam.
The examiners may ask you to write about poems with a quite specific link (such as poems about parents and children) or something much more general (such as poems which show strong feelings). Resume Access 2007! This guide lists some connections, but the number is potentially vast. You cannot guess in advance all the things the examiners might ask about. Prepare a range of poems, then pick the question that lets you write on those you know best. For English it is quite easy #45; if you prepare all eight (or even most of them) in either cluster, then you should be able to answer any question.
For English literature it is quite a lot harder, as you will have to find three poems that go well with the penalty essay poem the examiners have named in the question. You can expect them to set at access, least one very open question, therefore, to give you a fair chance of responding. What follows are a few ideas of possible linking themes, subjects or approaches. The examiners might use one of these to essay writing contest 2009, set a question. But even if they do, they are quite likely to use other words for it. You must read the questions closely, as the best one for you may not be obvious. Use these examples to start your own lists but add to them #45; with your teacher's help #45; throughout the GCSE course. English - Poems from resume access Different Cultures: Cluster 1. Death Proposal! Discrimination and victims of violence: Limbo, Nothing's Changed, Vultures Rich and poor: Nothing's Changed, Blessing, Two Scavengers, Night of the Scorpion Animals: Night of the Scorpion, Vultures Different places: Island Man, Blessing, Night of the Scorpion, What Were They Like? English - Poems from resume 2007 Different Cultures: Cluster 2. Language: from Search for my Tongue , from disrespect Unrelated Incidents Personal identity: from Search for My Tongue , from Unrelated Incidents, Half-Caste, Love After Love, This Room, Not My Business, Presents from My Aunts in Pakistan Different places and cultures: from Search for My Tongue, Not My Business, Presents from My Aunts in resume access 2007, Pakistan, Hurricane Hits England. English Literature - Seamus Heaney and Gillian Clarke.
Nature: Storm on the Island, Perch, Death of a dissertation proposal for dummies a Naturalist; A Difficult Birth, The Field Mouse Family and relationships: Digging, Mid-Term Break, Follower; Catrin, Mali, On the Train, Cold Knap Lake Past and access 2007, present: Digging, Follower, At a Potato Digging; Catrin, Cold Knap Lake Growing up: Blackberry Picking, Death of a Naturalist, Digging, Follower; Catrin History and proposal, politics: At a Potato Digging; A Difficult Birth, The Field Mouse Death: Mid Term Break; October. English Literature - Carol Ann Duffy and Simon Armitage. Interesting characters: Havisham; Elvis's Twin Sister; Salome; Education for Leisure, Stealing; Kid , #147;Those bastards in their mansions#148; Violence and crime: Salome, Education for resume access 2007, Leisure, Stealing ; #147;Those bastards in their mansions#148;, Hitcher Death: Salome, Education for Leisure; November Independence/growing up: Havisham, Salome, Before You Were Mine ; #147;Mother any distance greater than a single span#148;, #147;My father thought it bloody queer. #148;, Homecoming, Kid Love: Anne Hathaway; Homecoming Parents and children: Before You Were Mine, We Remember Your Childhood Well ; #147;Mother, any distance greater than a single span#148;, #147;My father thought it. Oregon Essay! #148;, Homecoming, November Monologues: Havisham, Elvis's Twin Sister, Anne Hathaway, Salome, Education for Leisure, Stealing; Kid , #147;Those bastards in their mansions#148;, Hitcher. English Literature - Pre-1914 poetry bank. Parents and children: On My First Sonne, The Song of the Old Mother, The Affliction of Margaret, The Little Boy Lost and The Little Boy Found Death: On My First Sonne , Tichborne's Elegy, The Man He Killed Love and relationships: The Affliction of Margaret , Shakespeare's Sonnet 130, My Last Duchess, The Laboratory Nature: Patrolling Barnegat, The Eagle, Inversnaid , Clare's Sonnet Monologues: The Song of the Old Mother, The Affliction of Margaret, The Man He Killed, My Last Duchess, The Laboratory Interesting characters: The Affliction of access 2007 Margaret, My Last Duchess, The Laboratory, Ulysses, The Village Schoolmaster. These should be enough to get you started. But as you study the poems you will discover many more links. You can learn some of the essays military more obvious ones (poems about parents and 2007, children or childhood, monologues) but you need to be ready to cope with any surprises in the real exam.
The best way to do this is to know the poems well, so that whatever the examiners' idea for leyshon resume, linking them, you can find examples from the other poems you have studied. Below you will find examples of tables for comparing the poems when you study them #45; these may help you organize your ideas as you prepare for exams. But they are only examples and you should feel free to alter them #45; adapt and customize them. Tables to help you compare the poems. It can help, if you use a table and fill in your own comments or notes about the poems. Here are some examples: The first is a table for comparing poems in the English assessment.
The second is a table for comparing poems in the English literature assessment. 2007! The third is also a table for comparing poems in the English literature assessment - but this one is filled in, as an example. Click on the links below to open the david leyshon resume table as a document in its own new window. 2007! Alternatively, you can use a right mouse click and david leyshon resume, save the resume 2007 file to a local data drive for your own use. The table is available as a rich text document (.rtf) or a Microsoft Word (.doc) file.
Comparing poems for English literature. Click on the links below to open the table as a document in its own new window. Alternatively, you can use a right mouse click and save the file to proposal, a local data drive for your own use. The table is available as a rich text document (.rtf) or a Microsoft Word (.doc) file. Example table for English literature. Click on the links below to open the resume 2007 table as a document in its own new window. Proposal! Alternatively, you can use a right mouse click and save the resume access 2007 file to a local data drive for your own use. The table is available as a rich text document (.rtf) or a Microsoft Word (.doc) file. Learning about the texts in penalty essay, the Anthology. This section is aimed at teachers. If you are a student, you may find this section boring and not very helpful #45; but if you want to know how teachers think, it may be useful after all.
As a teacher, you will have your own ideas about the resume access best ways to do this #45; but it may be almost impossible to find approaches that. help all pupils equally, are interesting and yet also make efficient use of the teacher's and students' time. Preparing for exams can be a way to make students take things seriously and study texts closely #45; but no#45;one would recommend an exam as the best way to make you have a lifelong passion for poetry. Your pupils may have noticed that most grown#45;ups do not take exams for pleasure. When adults read poems for enjoyment, they rarely ask to essay writing contest 2009, sit an exam paper to complete the experience. Resume 2007! Below are some general suggestions for you. These things may help students learn more efficiently and writing, take a more positive attitude to 2007, what they do.
Some classrooms are more equal than others. This may be a counsel of perfection #45; and things will happen that upset your plans. Writing! But as a teacher you can make an immediate difference by looking after the physical surroundings in resume, which you teach #45; maybe displaying things that reinforce some of the ideas you want pupils to learn. More importantly, you should try, as far as possible, to death penalty proposal, help students want to learn. Let your students see that you have high expectations, but try to avoid stress and anxiety.
Your head teacher and school managers should support you in this #45; if they want to see pupils become more positive, and improve the access 2007 numbers achieving particular targets. Disrespect Military! In a school, many students will be influenced by whatever they did in the previous lesson, registration time or lunch break. Resume Access 2007! As a teacher, you may need to use some short mental and/or physical exercise to refresh them, wake them up or calm them down. You may need to help them with physical comfort #45; or insist that they have a cold drink and visit the essay contest toilet before the lesson. Try to connect the resume 2007 work for a given lesson or series of lessons with the wider aims of the subject. Show how it relates to what they did previously or will do in the future. Explain, briefly, the learning outcomes and the questions they will be able to answer when they have done the work.
Give them a series of keywords. Give a short outline of the lesson content. In the case of poetry this may be about writing 2009, themes and resume 2007, ideas , and about how the poems may touch on the readers' personal experience. As teachers, we may be tempted to give too much detail at this point #45; so this is one thing we may need to contest, practise, or where we should keep to a script. At this point teachers should be quite explicit about what we expect students to resume 2007, achieve #45; allowing for the most and least able.
It is also important to break the content down into manageable chunks #45; this may be as simple as putting a list of essays disrespect military bullet points on a whiteboard, worksheet or electronic document. When we are studying poetry we are dealing with words #45; if the poem is any good, then this should make our job all the easier. Unless the poem is very literal and the students very perceptive, then we can expect that they will not get much from hearing and reading for the first time. Access! There is no single right way of a dissertation presenting all poems #45; and a lot depends on resume 2007 the teacher's ability to essay syndrome, present a live reading. Even if you are a talented oral performer, you may wish to vary the listeners' experiences #45; for example, by: asking another teacher or suitable adult to read a poem (useful if you need a regional accent that your colleague has and resume access 2007, you cannot produce authentically; helpful if you want someone of a different age or class; essential if you think the poem needs a reader of another sex) playing audio or video tapes in which an actor or the original poet reads the on marfan syndrome poem giving talented students (individually, in resume, pairs, in groups) time to prepare a reading for disrespect, the class #45; they may use props, costume, music and sound FX to resume access 2007, do this. This need not be high#45;tech #45; they could use a simple percussion instrument (like a fist on a desktop) to reinforce rhythm. They may get help from teachers of drama, dance, art and music. You could record these performances and use them for david leyshon resume, revision or with other groups. Resume Access! Given the number of times you will expect students to look at some texts, you may want to a dissertation, do all of these things on different occasions. Try to make sure that students who are listening or reading do so actively.
How? Ask them beforehand to think about one or more questions or ideas that the text suggests. Tell them that, when the reading ends, they will have one minute in which to resume 2007, write down five words to summarize it. Give them, that is, a reason to listen and read attentively . Essay 2009! Give them time to look at the text more reflectively #45; perhaps by access 2007 trying to answer a specific question (for example, Does the poet like the character she presents in this poem?) Given that everyone studies English, then many of the learners will have preferred learning styles that differ from the teacher's #45; and we should let them use these wherever this helps. Don't make your students always do it your way. Give them opportunities, for writing 2009, example, to draw diagrams, illustrations, symbols and other visual representations of the poem or a part of it (if you do this on a big scale, or use information technology to display or print, then these may become useful for resume access 2007, review and a dissertation proposal for dummies, recall later). to resume access 2007, prepare short talks, jingles, adverts, raps or chants based on the text to learn through physical movement #45; this may simply be gesture to accompany speech, a mime or tableau or any kind of repeated action that refreshes the student and triggers a memory to essays disrespect military, make their own mnemonics and explore other ways of learning. 2007! Try to develop activities (other than #147;write an essay to answer this practice exam question. #148;) that help students focus on the content #45; with poems this might be to leyshon resume, transform the original into a different kind of text (a news report, a short animated film, a scene from resume a TV play) or to challenge them to produce their own study aids and revision guides in death, a range of media. In an exam, students will be using primarily verbal intelligence, though their ideas of the poems may also come from other kinds of intelligence. But in learning before an resume access, exam, the student is not limited in this way. In designing activities, you should allow for all learning styles #45; and allow students to favour those that work best for them . Sometimes you will want students to work alone (in which case you may need to penalty proposal, be very firm in preventing distractions).
At other times, you will want students to work collaboratively #45; in pairs, small groups or even larger groupings. You may need to devise these groups, rather than leave it to 2007, students' own preferences. Essays! Try to avoid strategies that consistently favour one sex #45; some boys may find working in pairs much less natural and comfortable than female students seem to resume access 2007, do . Exploit the 2009 groupings intelligently #45; for example, give each individual or group one or more texts or authors on which to access, be experts (and use this later in hot#45;seating activities). One can overdo introspection #45; and the students' perceptions of their own progress will eventually be challenged by the examiners' judgement #45; but some time for reflection on what the students have learned can be useful. It can be especially helpful, if the teacher is essay open about the learning styles he or she uses, and invites the students to help him or her to access 2007, fine#45;tune these. Writing A Dissertation For Dummies! This cannot work unless the teachers and students have a healthy relationship and common goals. This does not mean photocopying the brilliant essay of resume your most able pupil #45; he or she won't thank you for being labelled a swot (and may even go in for some spoiling tactics). And, anyway, writing like the most able is clearly not an option for all students. It does mean that the teacher provides simple examples or models that show understanding, and ask students to do the same #45; bulleted lists, spidergrams, posters, booklets, short talks and so on. Most of essays these things allow the teacher (and other students) to give immediate responses #45; sharing and building on what others have done.
A few learners have naturally retentive memories #45; most do not, but can learn anything by repetition (as the writers of resume advertising slogans know). In studying texts in the Anthology , you should not expect students to learn large chunks of david text by access rote #45; but they do need to be able to find things quickly. You should not make them learn detailed points of interpretation in death proposal, a given sequence (examiners will see this as the resume access prepared essay, and award low marks). But you should, perhaps, expect them to leyshon resume, learn short lists of themes and images #45; so long as they still try to answer the question the examiners have set them . Resume Access 2007! Visual, auditory and kinaesthetic learning. Here are a few ideas for using these different learning styles. Use posters around the classroom #45; with short texts and images. Show keywords. Use memory maps, flowcharts and leyshon resume, storyboards. Use videotapes, overhead projector transparencies or a computer and data projector. Give spoken presentations (but time them and structure them).
Discuss in resume, groups of various sizes. On Marfan Syndrome! Make individual presentations. Play (appropriate) music for resume access 2007, some periods #45; in essay contest 2009, the case of poetry you would choose a wide range of 2007 musical styles and genres. Oregon! Make raps, rhymes, chants and access 2007, dramatic readings. Make physical (3D) models #45; could this help students learn about literature?
Go on visits and study trips. Design mimes and tableaux. Avoid negative effects #45; as a teacher you can decide how much of any lesson students will spend sitting in the same place. You can allow some exercise and movement #45; or lots of it. If you have the death penalty proposal essay same kind of chair as the students, you may have a realistic sense of how much they can take.
It is possible to do two or all of resume these at once #45; as would happen, if students were to syndrome, perform a dramatic interpretation of a poem, with music, lighting and sound FX. In a well#45;planned lesson it is very easy to use all three at some point. They are especially useful for the kind of access shallow learning #45; say, recalling a slogan #45; that advertisers favour. In the case of poetry and stories, however, teachers may want, some of the time, to encourage rather deeper reflection on timeless truths and oregon, more serious questions. Can I print this guide and photocopy it? This guide is free for individual users - for example, teachers or students working from home - in any part of the world. You can print out the guide, but it is not ideal for printing and resume access, photocopying, and may run to many more pages than you expect. If you are working in oregon essay, a school or college, you may purchase a high-quality printed version optimized for multiple photocopying. Access! The cost of the writing proposal for dummies printed version includes permission for unlimited reproduction within your institution - if you expect to make multiple copies, this will probably save on your bulk photocopying and printing costs.
To obtain the printed guide, contact: ZigZag Education and resume access 2007, Computing Centre Publications Greenway Business Centre Doncaster Road Bristol BS10 5PY Tel: +44 (0)117 950 3199. Click on the link to go to the ZigZag Education Web site: Please acknowledge my authorship by giving the URL of david leyshon any pages you use, and/or include the copyright symbol. Suggestions for improvement are welcome. Thank you.
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Robert Kohen: Personalized Tutoring. The ACT recently changed the format of the optional essay, debuting the new essay on access the September 2015 exam. From September on, all essay prompts will require you to not only respond to david leyshon resume, a specific question, but to also read and address three unique perspectives on the question. While the new essay format is resume, admittedly more complex than the earlier version, it’s still very predictable and resume you can do very well on it with the access, right preparation. For advice on how to approach the essay, check out my post How To Write the New ACT Essay . Unfortunately, the ACT has only essay contest released a meager two sample prompts for you to preview. The first one is available on the ACT’s website here . The second is included in the most recent practice ACT the test makers have released, available as a PDF here . In order to do your best on the essay, you’ll want to make sure you practice with more than just two essay question prompts. Here are ten additional new ACT sample essay question prompts I’ve written to resume access, help you prepare. You’ll have 40 minutes to complete each essay. Accelerating Globalization (Sample Essay Prompt 1) Only a few hundred years ago, communication between countries on opposite ends of the globe was painstakingly slow or non-existent. Most people knew little about distant lands, peoples and cultures.
What they thought they knew was frequently erroneous or ill conceived. Within the on marfan syndrome, past hundred years, however, the pace of globalization has accelerated rapidly. Today travel across the globe in less than 24 hours is a real possibility for resume 2007, many people. Individuals and essays nations can instantly communicate with one another across great distances. For better or worse, the world has become more connected than was ever imaginable before, and it continues to become more connected every day. Has globalization made the world a better or a worse place? Read and carefully consider these perspectives. Each suggests a particular way of thinking about the effects of globalization. Globalization, despite its lustrous promises, has created more problems than it has solved. It has allowed rich countries to get richer at the expense of poorer countries, and it has increased, not decreased, the number of resume access 2007, armed conflicts in the world. The world is essays, undoubtedly a better place today because of globalization.
It has allowed critical resources to resume access 2007, be distributed to the governments and people that need them the most. While I celebrate the productive exchange of cultures globalization has facilitated, I worry about how globalization is homogenizing those cultures. Take languages—do we really want to live in a world where one day everyone only speaks only one global language? Write a unified, coherent essay in which you evaluate multiple perspectives on leyshon the impact of globalization on the world. In your essay, be sure to: analyze and evaluate the resume, perspectives given state and develop your own perspective on the issue explain the relationship between your perspective and those given. Your perspective may be in full agreement with any of the others, in essays, partial agreement, or wholly different. Whatever the case, support your ideas with logical reasoning and detailed, persuasive examples. Technology and Everyday Life (Sample Essay Prompt 2) Technology has radically changed the 2007, way we interact with the world. Not long ago, individuals who wanted to get in touch had to do so either by meeting in person or sending messages through postal mail.
In order to perform most types of research, people were forced to visit physical libraries, bookstores or archives. Over the past two decades, technology has rendered many of contest, these time-consuming tasks obsolete. Messages can be sent anywhere in resume access 2007, the world via email in only a matter of seconds. All sorts of information is available with the leyshon, click of a smart phone button. People can not only 2007 call individuals anytime, but they can also access their geolocation on demand. It seems like everyone is on his or her smart phone every waking minute.
Has this increase in the power and contest reach of technology bettered out lives? Read and carefully consider these perspectives. Each suggests a particular way of thinking about the presence of 2007, technology in our lives. Today’s technology has greatly bettered our lives. Essays Disrespect! Individuals are more connected to the information and 2007 people they want to connect with, and the result is smarter, happier and more fulfilled human beings. Technology promises to disrespect, “connect” us with one another. But look around and you’ll see how disconnected it’s made us—individuals no longer interact with one another because they’ve become so consumed by their phones and devices. Technology may have made the world a better place for those who have access to it, but its prohibitive costs have made it inaccessible, and consequently unhelpful, to resume access, too many people.
Write a unified, coherent essay in which you evaluate multiple perspectives on the impact of technology on our lives. In your essay, be sure to: analyze and evaluate the perspectives given state and develop your own perspective on the issue explain the relationship between your perspective and those given. Your perspective may be in full agreement with any of the others, in partial agreement, or wholly different. Whatever the case, support your ideas with logical reasoning and detailed, persuasive examples. College Sports (Sample Essay Prompt 3) College sports have become incredibly popular in the United States. Big games air on the most coveted TV channels at oregon contest the most coveted times. Teams are followed not only by loyal students and alumni but also by diverse fans from across the country. Major athletic programs bring millions of dollars to university coffers.
Star coaches can often earn more than university presidents, making them the highest paid employees on campus. Full scholarships are awarded to star athletes because of their athletic prowess rather than their academic record. Access 2007! In some instances, athletes are even given fake grades to help them stay on the team. Given all of this, should colleges continue to support their sports teams? Read and carefully consider these perspectives. Each suggests a particular way of thinking about the role of athletics at colleges. Colleges should strongly support their sports teams.
These teams not only essay 2009 generate millions of dollars for resume, schools, but they also help sell prospective students on attending the college. Sports have no official place in college. On Marfan Syndrome! Colleges are institutions created for learning, not for athletics. College sports compromise academic standards and disadvantage students who don’t participate. While college sports play a valuable role on university campuses, it is important for administrators to not lose perspective. That some football coaches earn more than university presidents, for example, is clearly wrong. Write a unified, coherent essay in access 2007, which you evaluate multiple perspectives on college support for sports teams. In your essay, be sure to: analyze and evaluate the death penalty proposal, perspectives given state and develop your own perspective on the issue explain the relationship between your perspective and those given.
Your perspective may be in full agreement with any of the others, in partial agreement, or wholly different. Resume 2007! Whatever the case, support your ideas with logical reasoning and detailed, persuasive examples. College Curricula (Sample Essay Prompt 4) For years, American colleges have emphasized the liberal arts over more narrow technical and professional training. College students have been required to study a broad range of academic disciplines, such as literature, philosophy, history and mathematics. Today, however, a growing number of essay, colleges and students have rejected the liberal arts in favor of what some consider to be more practical subjects, such as accounting, finance and resume 2007 nutrition. Global economic hardship has led many to question the value of a liberal arts education that, in their eyes, fails to adequately prepare students for the realities they will face after graduation. Is it important for colleges to essays, promote the resume access, study of the a dissertation for dummies, liberal arts, or should they emphasize professional and technical training in its place? Read and carefully consider these perspectives. Each suggests a particular way of thinking about resume access college curricula. The liberal arts are essential to a quality education because they teach students how to proposal essay, think critically about resume access a broad range of topics, thus preparing them to tackle any issue that might arise in the workplace.
It is time to bury the liberal arts model at our colleges. Reading Shakespeare and studying pure mathematics will not help anyone be successful in any sort of business. Colleges should closely integrate the liberal arts with professional studies, as each can benefit from the on marfan syndrome, other. Business courses, for example, are enriched by the philosophical study of 2007, ethics. Write a unified, coherent essay in essays military, which you evaluate multiple perspectives on the relative importance of the liberal arts and professional studies.
In your essay, be sure to: analyze and evaluate the perspectives given state and develop your own perspective on resume access 2007 the issue explain the relationship between your perspective and those given. Your perspective may be in full agreement with any of the others, in partial agreement, or wholly different. Whatever the essay syndrome, case, support your ideas with logical reasoning and detailed, persuasive examples. Arts Funding (Sample Essay Prompt 5) Government funding for the arts is commonplace in many countries today. In the United States, the 2007, government funds writers, musicians and visual artists through a variety of initiatives.
Critics of essay syndrome, this type of 2007, funding argue that the government has no place in 2009, the arts. Why should taxpayers, the majority of whom have no interest in the works being supported by such funding, be forced to pay for those works? Others, however, argue that government funding for the arts is critical to the wellness of our society. Given the dismal financial prospects in the arts, many artists would be unable to support themselves without the type of funding that the government provides. Should the government continue to fund the arts? Read and carefully consider these perspectives.
Each suggests a particular way of thinking about the resume, government funding for the arts. The government has no place in the arts because the government is not qualified to judge which projects should receive funding and which should not. Without financial support from the a dissertation, government, many great works of art would never be created. Government funding is thus essential. The free marketplace, not the resume access, government, is the best source of arts funding. If an artist can’t get any money, the reason is simple—her work is not very good! Write a unified, coherent essay in which you evaluate multiple perspectives on government funding of the arts. Essay 2009! In your essay, be sure to: analyze and evaluate the resume access 2007, perspectives given state and contest develop your own perspective on the issue explain the resume access 2007, relationship between your perspective and those given.
Your perspective may be in full agreement with any of the others, in partial agreement, or wholly different. For Dummies! Whatever the case, support your ideas with logical reasoning and detailed, persuasive examples. Corporate Responsibility (Sample Essay Prompt 6) Large corporations make up some of the wealthiest entities in the world today. Some see these corporations as engines of economic development and 2007 progress, bringing better products at better prices to a wider range of people every day. Others, however, criticize corporations for writing contest, their shortcomings when it comes to social responsibility: failing to assist the less fortunate in resume access 2007, our society, including their workers, while focusing too narrowly on profits at the expense of social welfare.
Should corporations do more than simply aim to improve their profit margins? Is it important for large corporations to set aside profits from time to time in order to donate to charities and to help the david leyshon, needy? Read and carefully consider these perspectives. Each suggests a particular way of thinking about corporate responsibility. Corporations have only one responsibility: to make the greatest profit they possibly can. It is only by doing so that they can benefit their workers, shareholders, and society. Profits often get in the way of resume 2007, doing the right thing. Large corporations should focus less on profits and more on a dissertation for dummies developing meaningful ways of helping the disadvantaged.
It is important that corporations adhere to any and all laws that pertain to access 2007, them. Beyond this, however, they are free to do as they please. Write a unified, coherent essay in which you evaluate multiple perspectives on essay contest corporate responsibility. In your essay, be sure to: analyze and evaluate the perspectives given state and develop your own perspective on the issue explain the relationship between your perspective and those given. Your perspective may be in resume 2007, full agreement with any of the others, in partial agreement, or wholly different. Whatever the case, support your ideas with logical reasoning and detailed, persuasive examples. The Federal Government (Sample Essay Prompt 7) The United States government is made up of various national, state and local governing bodies.
Certain responsibilities, like the building of interstate roadways, are looked after by the national, or federal, government, whereas more local issues are often overseen by essay on marfan, local government bodies like state legislatures or city councils. Many argue that states and cities in resume access 2007, the United States wield too much power, power that they believe should belong in the hands of the federal government. Others contend that the contest 2009, federal government is too large and is unresponsive to the particular needs of states and cities; they would like to 2007, see local government overtake many of the responsibilities now delegated to the federal government. Should the essay on marfan syndrome, federal government or local governing bodies have more power? Read and carefully consider these perspectives. Each suggests a particular way of thinking about the role of the federal government.
States and resume access 2007 cities are ill-equipped to essay writing contest, handle most of their own governing. The federal government can do not only a better job of governing them, but a faster and resume cheaper one. The federal government is too big to essay on marfan, adequately address the needs of individual states and cities. Resume Access 2007! States and cities know what is best for them, not the federal government. Local government fails only when it lacks the backing of the federal government. Contest 2009! The federal government should provide logistical and financial support to states and access cities in on marfan syndrome, order to enable them to govern themselves effectively. Write a unified, coherent essay in which you evaluate multiple perspectives on the relative roles of local and federal government. Access 2007! In your essay, be sure to: analyze and evaluate the perspectives given state and develop your own perspective on the issue explain the relationship between your perspective and those given. Your perspective may be in full agreement with any of the david resume, others, in access 2007, partial agreement, or wholly different. Whatever the case, support your ideas with logical reasoning and detailed, persuasive examples.
Religious Liberty (Sample Essay Prompt 8) The relationship between religious liberty and individual rights has often been a problematic one throughout American history. Today, for example, many businesses feel compelled to essay on marfan syndrome, refuse service to 2007, homosexuals because of the essay on marfan, religious beliefs of the business owners. Some argue that this refusal of service constitutes unlawful discrimination. Public school boards are often uncertain which religious holidays to add to the academic calendar. Should a Christian student, for instance, have to miss school because of a Jewish holiday? How should the state balance the need to respect religious liberty with need to preserve the rights of all members of society?
Read and carefully consider these perspectives. Each suggests a particular way of thinking about religious liberty and individual rights. The state must accommodate all religions to the fullest extent possible. This means school days off for all major religious holidays and protecting the resume, right of contest, business owners to refuse service based on religious beliefs. The government has no special obligation to protect religious liberties when they interfere with the freedoms and well-being of the public at large. Government should seek, to resume access 2007, the greatest extent possible, ways to accommodate both religious liberty and individual rights when the two find themselves in conflict. Write a unified, coherent essay in which you evaluate multiple perspectives on the state and religious liberty. Oregon Essay! In your essay, be sure to: analyze and evaluate the perspectives given state and develop your own perspective on resume 2007 the issue explain the relationship between your perspective and those given. Your perspective may be in full agreement with any of the david leyshon, others, in partial agreement, or wholly different. Resume 2007! Whatever the case, support your ideas with logical reasoning and detailed, persuasive examples. Solving Society’s Problems (Sample Prompt 9)
The world today faces a wide range of challenges. Despite the great economic and scientific progress mankind has made, many in the world are still struggling to survive. Even in developed nations, individuals and communities face problems like poverty, disease and violence. Individuals and private organizations have done much to help alleviate many of these problems. Government have also played a role in addressing issues like poverty and public health. In your opinion, who has a bigger role to play in solving today’s problems: governments or individuals? Read and carefully consider these perspectives. Each suggests a particular way of contest, thinking about the role of government and individuals in solving today’s problems. Individuals could not possibly hope to solve problems as large as the ones we face today. Only large governments with sizable resources can help. Governments are, by nature, composed of individuals working as a team.
Governments can solve major problems because they harness the power of individuals. The best solutions to society’s problems always come from resume access individuals, not governments. Governments lack the resume, creativity and drive necessary to resume access, tackle major problems successfully. Write a unified, coherent essay in which you evaluate multiple perspectives on the role of individuals and governments as problem solvers. In your essay, be sure to: analyze and essay evaluate the perspectives given state and develop your own perspective on the issue explain the relationship between your perspective and resume 2007 those given. Your perspective may be in full agreement with any of the others, in partial agreement, or wholly different. Writing! Whatever the case, support your ideas with logical reasoning and detailed, persuasive examples. Avoiding Armed Conflicts (Sample Prompt 10) Armed conflicts between nations have always been and remain, unfortunately, a constant fact of life. How politicians and governments seek to avoid of access 2007, these conflicts, however, varies greatly.
Many leaders and death proposal essay political thinkers insist on the importance of demonstrating military might in order to reduce the likelihood of such conflicts. Others argue that flexing military muscle is basically inviting armed conflict, and that the best way nations can avoid conflicts is simply by keeping an open line of communication with one another. When forced to choose between a strong showing of military might and diplomatic efforts, which should nations choose in order to avoid armed conflicts? Read and carefully consider these perspectives. Each suggests a particular way of thinking about 2007 how military might and writing a dissertation for dummies diplomatic efforts can prevent armed conflicts. Without a strong showing of military might, a nation will lead its enemies to believe that it is weak and vulnerable to attack.
The result is, inevitably, such an attack. International conflicts can quickly escalate into full-blown armed conflicts unless the nations involved talk to one another and learn to settle their differences through words rather than bombs. Demonstrating military might is always a better way to prevent armed conflict than diplomacy, because whereas military might is a deterrent to conflict, diplomacy rarely succeeds in resolving international disagreements. Write a unified, coherent essay in which you evaluate multiple perspectives on resume the respective roles of diplomacy and military might. In your essay, be sure to: analyze and evaluate the perspectives given state and develop your own perspective on essay syndrome the issue explain the relationship between your perspective and resume access 2007 those given. Your perspective may be in full agreement with any of the essay, others, in partial agreement, or wholly different.
Whatever the resume 2007, case, support your ideas with logical reasoning and detailed, persuasive examples.
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Microsoft Access 2007
35+ Creative Ways to List Job Skills on Your Resume. The competitive climate of the resume 2007 job market has reached a fever pitch in recent years. College degrees are almost as commonplace as high school diplomas, and the pool of candidates for any given career is far-reaching. To stand out in such an environment, job seekers need to focus on david accentuating their experiences and backgrounds on resume access their resumes. A degree from a prestigious university or an impressive roster of past employers can certainly make a good impression on hiring managers, but the real test of a candidate#39;s fit is how well the person#39;s skills align with the position in question. Wendi Weiner, a certified professional resume writer and founder of The Writing Guru, noted that a job candidate#39;s skills and relevant knowledge are substantiated by the keywords they choose to use. Industry-specific core skills will enable a job candidate to writing a dissertation, successfully pass through an applicant tracking system (ATS), which is resume access, utilized by essay, [the majority] of resume 2007, companies today to obtain the right candidates, Weiner said. While it#39;s good to essays military, have a well-rounded skills section, it#39;s not enough to simply list a string of phrases. Josh Ridgeway, director of MSP delivery for staffing agency Kavaliro, reminded job seekers that hiring managers want to see concrete examples of those skills in action. Resume 2007. [See Related Story: Meaningless Words to Delete from Your Resume ] In resumes, you see a skills summary, [which includes] problem solving, excellent customer service, attention to detail, etc., Ridgeway told Business News Daily. However, oftentimes, we don#39;t see an explanation of those skills. Disrespect Military. If you have #39;problem solving#39; and #39;critical thinking#39; in your resume, you should tie those skills into your explanation of job duties and how those specific skills played an important part.
The challenge is greater for those who have been laid off or who have been out of resume access 2007, work for an extended period of time. For these professionals, the task of proving that their skills are relevant can be a little more difficult than it is for other job seekers. Ford R. Military. Myers, a career coach, speaker and author of the resume access 2007 book, Get The Job You Want, Even When No One#39;s Hiring (John Wiley Sons, 2009), advised considering transferable skills that you#39;ve gained from paid and unpaid past experiences. Transferable skills acquired during any activity volunteer positions, classes, projects, parenting, hobbies, sports can be applicable to one#39;s next job, Myers said. By adding transferable skills to a resume, employers get a better understanding and contest broader picture of who they are hiring, as well as the interests, values and resume access experiences that the candidate brings to leyshon, the table. Based on the advice of our expert sources, here are a few broad categories of skills your resume could include, along with unique ways to express them.
Jobs require teamwork. There will be constant back-and-forth exchanges with co-workers, and access 2007 discussing and sharing ideas with supervisors. Writing 2009. Employers will want to know the level ofcommunication skills you have and how well you work with others. The specific required skills will vary based on your position. A sales representative, for instance, would need to highlight customer service and relationship-building experience. On your resume: writes clearly and concisely; listens attentively; openly expresses ideas, negotiates/resolves differences; provides and resume access 2007 asks for feedback; offers well-thought-out solutions; cooperates and works well with others; thrives in a collaborative environment. If the job you want involves working on research projects and david companywide campaigns, you#39;re going to access 2007, want to david, show off your top-notch planning abilities.
Organization skills may sound like a trite, overused filler term, but those skills are the ones that will help you succeed. Show potential employers you#39;ve got what they#39;re looking for by outlining your involvement in, and results from, current and previous projects. On your resume: forecasts/predicts; identifies and gathers appropriate resources; thoroughly researches background information; develops strategies; thinks critically to solve problems; handles details; coordinates and completes tasks; manages projects effectively; meets deadlines; plans and arranges activities; multitasks; creates plans. Access. Leadership skills can be gained in a variety of oregon essay contest, conventional and unconventional ways, but it#39;s not always easy to express them on resume access a resume. Demonstrating your management abilities on paper requires you to think about what it is you do as a leader and how you guide your employees toward success. To give employers a better idea of essay writing, what you#39;ve accomplished, discuss the size of the team and the scope of the access projects you manage. On your resume: leads and directs others; teaches/trains/instructs; counsels/coaches; manages conflict; helps team members set and achieve goals; delegates effectively; makes and penalty proposal essay implements decisions; enforces policies; oversees projects; measures team results.
Social media is one of the access most ubiquitous and in-demand skills for essay on marfan syndrome, jobs in a variety of resume access, fields. Socially active organizations are more likely to attract top talent, drive new sales leads and better engage other employees and death essay customers, said Amir Zonozi, chief of resume access, strategy at social engagement platform Zoomph. Therefore, when employers look for new hires, they#39;re also typically looking for new internal-brand ambassadors. Zonozi noted that, for disrespect military, positions that directly involve work on corporate social media campaigns, hiring managers love to see concrete numbers and metrics, including Web traffic, audience reach and access overall engagement. Even for nonsocial-media-related positions, you can still demonstrate your experience by referencing specific networks and social media management programs you regularly use.
On your resume: manages social media campaigns; measures and analyzes campaign results; identifies and connects with industry influencers; sparks social conversation within the brand#39;s community; creates and executes content strategies; drives engagement and leads; enhances brand image through social presence. Additional reporting by a dissertation proposal for dummies, Nicole Fallon Taylor and Jeanette Mulvey. Shannon Gausepohl graduated from Rowan University in 2012 with a degree in journalism. She has worked at a newspaper and in the public relations field, and 2007 is currently a staff writer at Business News Daily. Shannon is a zealous bookworm, has her blue belt in Brazilian jiu jitsu, and loves her Blue Heeler mix, Tucker.
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emmersons essays A subtle chain of countless rings. The next unto the farthest brings; The eye reads omens where it goes, And speaks all languages the rose; And, striving to be man, the worm. Mounts through all the spires of form. Introduction Our age is retrospective. It builds the sepulchres of the fathers.
It writes biographies, histories, and criticism. The foregoing generations beheld God and nature face to face; we, through their eyes. Why should not we also enjoy an original relation to the universe? Why should not we have a poetry and philosophy of insight and not of tradition, and a religion by revelation to us, and not the history of 2007, theirs? Embosomed for a season in nature, whose floods of life stream around and through us, and invite us by oregon contest the powers they supply, to action proportioned to nature, why should we grope among the dry bones of the past, or put the living generation into masquerade out of its faded wardrobe? The sun shines to-day also. There is more wool and flax in the fields. There are new lands, new men, new thoughts. Let us demand our own works and laws and worship. Undoubtedly we have no questions to ask which are unanswerable. We must trust the perfection of the creation so far, as to believe that whatever curiosity the order of things has awakened in our minds, the order of resume 2007, things can satisfy.
Every man's condition is a solution in essays military hieroglyphic to those inquiries he would put. Resume! He acts it as life, before he apprehends it as truth. In like manner, nature is already, in its forms and death penalty proposal tendencies, describing its own design. Let us interrogate the great apparition, that shines so peacefully around us. Let us inquire, to what end is nature? All science has one aim, namely, to find a theory of nature. Resume 2007! We have theories of proposal, races and of functions, but scarcely yet a remote approach to an idea of creation. We are now so far from the road to truth, that religious teachers dispute and hate each other, and speculative men are esteemed unsound and frivolous. But to resume 2007 a sound judgment, the most abstract truth is the most practical. Whenever a true theory appears, it will be its own evidence.
Its test is, that it will explain all phenomena. Now many are thought not only 2009, unexplained but inexplicable; as language, sleep, madness, dreams, beasts, sex. Philosophically considered, the universe is access, composed of Nature and the Soul. Strictly speaking, therefore, all that is separate from us, all which Philosophy distinguishes as the NOT ME, that is, both nature and art, all other men andmy own body, must be ranked under this name, NATURE. In enumerating the death, values of nature and casting up their sum, I shall use the word in both senses; -- in its common and in its philosophical import. In inquiries so general as our present one, the inaccuracy is resume, not material; no confusion of thought will occur. Nature, in the common sense, refers to essences unchanged by man; space, the air, the river, the leaf. Art is applied to the mixture of his will with the same things, as in a house, a canal, a statue, a picture. But his operations taken together are so insignificant, a little chipping, baking, patching, and washing, that in an impression so grand as that of the world on the human mind, they do not vary the result.
Chapter I NATURE To go into solitude, a man needs to retire as much from his chamber as from society. I am not solitary whilst I read and write, though nobody is with me. But if a man would be alone, let him look at the stars. David Resume! The rays that come from those heavenly worlds, will separate between him and what he touches. One might think the atmosphere was made transparent with this design, to give man, in resume access 2007 the heavenly bodies, the perpetual presence of the sublime. Essay! Seen in the streets of cities, how great they are! If the stars should appear one night in access 2007 a thousand years, how would men believe and adore; and preserve for death essay, many generations the remembrance of the resume access 2007, city of God which had been shown! But every night come out these envoys of beauty, and light the universe with their admonishing smile.
The stars awaken a certain reverence, because though always present, they are inaccessible; but all natural objects make a kindred impression, when the mind is open to their influence. Essay Writing Contest 2009! Nature never wears a mean appearance. Neither does the wisest man extort her secret, and lose his curiosity by finding out all her perfection. Nature never became a toy to a wise spirit. The flowers, the animals, the mountains, reflected the wisdom of his best hour, as much as they had delighted the simplicity of his childhood. When we speak of nature in this manner, we have a distinct but most poetical sense in resume access 2007 the mind. We mean the penalty proposal essay, integrity of impression made by manifold natural objects. It is this which distinguishes the stick of timber of the wood-cutter, from the tree of the poet.
The charming landscape which I saw this morning, is indubitably made up of some twenty or thirty farms. Miller owns this field, Locke that, and Manning the woodland beyond. But none of them owns the landscape. There is a property in the horizon which no man has but he whose eye can integrate all the parts, that is, the poet. This is the best part of these men's farms, yet to resume this their warranty-deeds give no title. To speak truly, few adult persons can see nature. Most persons do not see the sun. At least they have a very superficial seeing. The sun illuminates only the eye of the man, but shines into the eye and the heart of the child.
The lover of writing proposal for dummies, nature is access, he whose inward and outward senses are still truly adjusted to essays disrespect military each other; who has retained the spirit of infancy even into the era of manhood. His intercourse with heaven and earth, becomes part of resume access, his daily food. Contest! In the presence of nature, a wild delight runs through the man, in spite of real sorrows. Nature says, -- he is my creature, and maugre all his impertinent griefs, he shall be glad with me. Not the access, sun or the summer alone, but every hour and season yields its tribute of on marfan, delight; for every hour and change corresponds to and authorizes a different state of the mind, from breathless noon to grimmest midnight.
Nature is a setting that fits equally well a comic or a mourning piece. In good health, the air is a cordial of incredible virtue. 2007! Crossing a bare common, in snow puddles, at twilight, under a clouded sky, without having in my thoughts any occurrence of special good fortune, I have enjoyed a perfect exhilaration. I am glad to the brink of fear. In the woods too, a man casts off his years, as the essays disrespect, snake his slough, and at what period soever of access 2007, life, is always a child. In the woods, is perpetual youth. Within these plantations of God, a decorum and sanctity reign, a perennial festival is dressed, and the guest sees not how he should tire of them in resume a thousand years. In the woods, we return to reason and resume access 2007 faith. There I feel that nothing can befall me in life, -- no disgrace, no calamity, (leaving me my eyes,) which nature cannot repair. Standing on the bare ground, -- my head bathed by the blithe air, and uplifted into infinite space, -- all mean egotism vanishes.
I become a transparent eye-ball; I am nothing; I see all; the currents of the Universal Being circulate through me; I am part or particle of writing, God. The name of the resume 2007, nearest friend sounds then foreign and accidental: to be brothers, to be acquaintances, -- master or servant, is then a trifle and proposal a disturbance. Resume! I am the lover of uncontained and writing a dissertation for dummies immortal beauty. Resume Access 2007! In the wilderness, I find something more dear and connate than in streets or villages. In the tranquil landscape, and especially in the distant line of the horizon, man beholds somewhat as beautiful as his own nature. The greatest delight which the fields and woods minister, is the suggestion of an occult relation between man and the vegetable. I am not alone and unacknowledged.
They nod to disrespect me, and I to them. The waving of the boughs in the storm, is new to me and old. It takes me by surprise, and yet is not unknown. Its effect is like that of access 2007, a higher thought or a better emotion coming over me, when I deemed I was thinking justly or doing right. Yet it is on marfan, certain that the power to produce this delight, does not reside in nature, but in man, or in a harmony of access, both. It is necessary to use these pleasures with great temperance. For, nature is not always tricked in holiday attire, but the same scene which yesterday breathed perfume and glittered as for writing proposal, the frolic of the nymphs, is overspread with melancholy today. Access 2007! Nature always wears the colors of the spirit. To a man laboring under calamity, the heat of his own fire hath sadness in it. Then, there is a kind of contempt of the on marfan, landscape felt by access him who has just lost by writing proposal for dummies death a dear friend.
The sky is resume 2007, less grand as it shuts down over less worth in the population. Chapter II COMMODITY Whoever considers the final cause of the world, will discern a multitude of usesthat result. They all admit of being thrown into one of the following classes; Commodity; Beauty; Language; and Discipline. Under the death penalty essay, general name of Commodity, I rank all those advantages which our senses owe to nature. This, of course, is a benefit which is temporary and mediate, not ultimate, like its service to the soul. Access 2007! Yet although low, it is perfect in its kind, and david resume is the only use of nature which all men apprehend. The misery of man appears like childish petulance, when we explore the steady and prodigal provision that has been made for his support and delight on this green ball which floats him through the heavens. What angels invented these splendid ornaments, these rich conveniences, this ocean of air above, this ocean of water beneath, this firmament of resume 2007, earth between? this zodiac of lights, this tent of dropping clouds, this striped coat of climates, this fourfold year? Beasts, fire, water, stones, and essay corn serve him. The field is at once his floor, his work-yard, his play-ground, his garden, and his bed.
More servants wait on man. Than he 'll take notice of. Resume Access! ------ Nature, in its ministry to man, is not only the material, but is also the process and the result. All the parts incessantly work into each other's hands for the profit of man. The wind sows the seed; the sun evaporates the sea; the wind blows the vapor to the field; the ice, on the other side of the planet, condenses rain on death proposal, this; the rain feeds the plant; the plant feeds the animal; and thus the endless circulations of the divine charity nourish man. The useful arts are reproductions or new combinations by the wit of man, of the same natural benefactors. He no longer waits for favoring gales, but by means of steam, he realizes the fable of Aeolus's bag, and carries the two and thirty winds in the boiler of access 2007, his boat. To diminish friction, he paves the road with iron bars, and, mounting a coach with a ship-load of men, animals, and merchandise behind him, he darts through the country, from town to town, like an eagle or a swallow through the air. By the aggregate of these aids, how is the face of the writing a dissertation, world changed, from the era of Noah to that of Napoleon! The private poor man hath cities, ships, canals, bridges, built for him.
He goes to 2007 the post-office, and the human race run on his errands; to the book-shop, and the human race read and write of all that happens, for him; to the court-house, and death proposal essay nations repair his wrongs. He sets his house upon the road, and the human race go forth every morning, and shovel out the snow, and cut a path for him. But there is no need of specifying particulars in this class of uses. Resume Access 2007! The catalogue is endless, and the examples so obvious, that I shall leave them to the reader's reflection, with the general remark, that this mercenary benefit is one which has respect to a farther good. A man is fed, not that he may be fed, but that he may work. Death Proposal Essay! Chapter III BEAUTY A nobler want of man is served by resume 2007 nature, namely, the love of Beauty. The ancient Greeks called the world , beauty.
Such is the constitution of all things, or such the plastic power of the essays, human eye, that the primary forms, as the sky, the access, mountain, the tree, the animal, give us a delight in and for themselves; a pleasure arising from outline, color, motion, and grouping. A Dissertation For Dummies! This seems partly owing to resume 2007 the eye itself. The eye is the best of artists. By the mutual action of its structure and of the laws of light, perspective is produced, which integrates every mass of objects, of what character soever, into a well colored and shaded globe, so that where the particular objects are mean and unaffecting, the landscape which they compose, is round and symmetrical. And as the eye is the best composer, so light is the essay writing, first of painters. There is no object so foul that intense light will not make beautiful. And the stimulus it affords to the sense, and a sort of infinitude which it hath, like space and time, make all matter gay. Even the corpse has its own beauty.
But besides this general grace diffused over nature, almost all the resume 2007, individual forms are agreeable to the eye, as is proved by our endless imitations of some of them, as the acorn, the grape, the pine-cone, the wheat-ear, the death penalty proposal, egg, the wings and forms of most birds, the lion's claw, the serpent, the butterfly, sea-shells, flames, clouds, buds, leaves, and the forms of many trees, as the palm. For better consideration, we may distribute the aspects of Beauty in a threefold manner. 1. First, the simple perception of natural forms is a delight. Resume 2007! The influence of the forms and actions in nature, is so needful to man, that, in its lowest functions, it seems to lie on the confines of commodity and beauty. To the body and mind which have been cramped by on marfan noxious work or company, nature is resume, medicinal and essay on marfan restores their tone. The tradesman, the attorney comes out of the din and craft of the street, and sees the sky and the woods, and is a man again. In their eternal calm, he finds himself. The health of the eye seems to demand a horizon.
We are never tired, so long as we can see far enough. But in other hours, Nature satisfies by its loveliness, and without any mixture of corporeal benefit. I see the spectacle of morning from the hill-top over against my house, from day-break to sun-rise, with emotions which an angel might share. The long slender bars of cloud float like fishes in the sea of crimson light. From the earth, as a shore, I look out into that silent sea. I seem to partake its rapid transformations: the active enchantment reaches my dust, and I dilate and conspire with the morning wind. How does Nature deify us with a few and cheap elements!
Give me health and a day, and I will make the pomp of emperors ridiculous. The dawn is my Assyria; the sun-set and moon-rise my Paphos, and access 2007 unimaginable realms of faerie; broad noon shall be my England of the death penalty proposal, senses and the understanding; the night shall be my Germany of mystic philosophy and dreams. Not less excellent, except for our less susceptibility in the afternoon, was the charm, last evening, of a January sunset. The western clouds divided and subdivided themselves into pink flakes modulated with tints of unspeakable softness; and the air had so much life and sweetness, that it was a pain to come within doors. What was it that nature would say?
Was there no meaning in the live repose of the valley behind the mill, and which Homer or Shakspeare could not reform for me in words? The leafless trees become spires of flame in the sunset, with the resume, blue east for their back-ground, and the stars of the dead calices of flowers, and every withered stem and stubble rimed with frost, contribute something to the mute music. The inhabitants of cities suppose that the country landscape is pleasant only half the year. I please myself with the graces of the winter scenery, and believe that we are as much touched by it as by writing a dissertation for dummies the genial influences of resume access 2007, summer. To the attentive eye, each moment of the essay, year has its own beauty, and in 2007 the same field, it beholds, every hour, a picture which was never seen before, and which shall never be seen again. The heavens change every moment, and proposal for dummies reflect their glory or gloom on the plains beneath. The state of the crop in 2007 the surrounding farms alters the proposal, expression of the earth from week to week.
The succession of native plants in the pastures and resume access roadsides, which makes the silent clock by which time tells the summer hours, will make even the divisions of the day sensible to a keen observer. The tribes of essays disrespect, birds and insects, like the plants punctual to their time, follow each other, and the year has room for all. By water-courses, the variety is greater. In July, the blue pontederia or pickerel-weed blooms in large beds in 2007 the shallow parts of our pleasant river, and swarms with yellow butterflies in continual motion. Art cannot rival this pomp of purple and gold. Indeed the river is a perpetual gala, and boasts each month a new ornament. But this beauty of Nature which is seen and felt as beauty, is the least part. The shows of oregon, day, the dewy morning, the rainbow, mountains, orchards in blossom, stars, moonlight, shadows in still water, and resume access the like, if too eagerly hunted, become shows merely, and mock us with their unreality. Go out of the house to see the moon, and 't is mere tinsel; it will not please as when its light shines upon your necessary journey. The beauty that shimmers in the yellow afternoons of October, who ever could clutch it? Go forth to find it, and it is essays disrespect, gone: 't is only a mirage as you look from the windows of diligence.
2. The presence of a higher, namely, of the spiritual element is resume access 2007, essential to writing its perfection. The high and divine beauty which can be loved without effeminacy, is that which is found in combination with the human will. Beauty is the mark God sets upon virtue. Every natural action is graceful. Every heroic act is also decent, and causes the place and the bystanders to shine. We are taught by great actions that the universe is the property of every individual in it. Every rational creature has all nature for access, his dowry and estate. Essays Disrespect Military! It is his, if he will. Access 2007! He may divest himself of it; he may creep into a corner, and abdicate his kingdom, as most men do, but he is entitled to resume the world by his constitution. In proportion to the energy of his thought and will, he takes up the world into himself.
All those things for which men plough, build, or sail, obey virtue; said Sallust. The winds and waves, said Gibbon, are always on resume 2007, the side of the ablest navigators. So are the sun and moon and all the oregon, stars of heaven. When a noble act is done, -- perchance in a scene of great natural beauty; when Leonidas and his three hundred martyrs consume one day in dying, and the sun and resume 2007 moon come each and look at oregon essay them once in the steep defile of Thermopylae; when Arnold Winkelried, in the high Alps, under the shadow of the avalanche, gathers in his side a sheaf of Austrian spears to access 2007 break the line for his comrades; are not these heroes entitled to add the beauty of the scene to the beauty of the deed? When the bark of Columbus nears the shore of America; -- before it, the beach lined with savages, fleeing out of all their huts of cane; the sea behind; and death penalty proposal the purple mountains of the Indian Archipelago around, can we separate the man from the living picture? Does not the New World clothe his form with her palm-groves and savannahs as fit drapery? Ever does natural beauty steal in like air, and envelope great actions.
When Sir Harry Vane was dragged up the access, Tower-hill, sitting on a sled, to suffer death, as the champion of the david, English laws, one of the multitude cried out to him, You never sate on so glorious a seat. Charles II., to intimidate the citizens of London, caused the patriot Lord Russel to be drawn in an open coach, through the principal streets of the resume access 2007, city, on death penalty essay, his way to the scaffold. 2007! But, his biographer says, the multitude imagined they saw liberty and virtue sitting by his side. In private places, among sordid objects, an act of truth or heroism seems at once to draw to itself the sky as its temple, the sun as its candle. Nature stretcheth out her arms to embrace man, only let his thoughts be of equal greatness.
Willingly does she follow his steps with the rose and the violet, and bend her lines of grandeur and military grace to the decoration of her darling child. Only let his thoughts be of equal scope, and the frame will suit the resume, picture. A virtuous man is in unison with her works, and makes the central figure of the visible sphere. Homer, Pindar, Socrates, Phocion, associate themselves fitly in penalty our memory with the geography and climate of Greece. Resume Access 2007! The visible heavens and earth sympathize with Jesus. And in common life, whosoever has seen a person of powerful character and happy genius, will have remarked how easily he took all things along with him, -- the persons, the opinions, and the day, and nature became ancillary to a man. 3. Penalty! There is still another aspect under which the beauty of the world may be viewed, namely, as it become s an object of the intellect. Beside the access 2007, relation of things to virtue, they have a relation to thought. The intellect searches out the on marfan syndrome, absolute order of things as they stand in the mind of God, and resume 2007 without the david resume, colors of affection. The intellectual and the active powers seem to succeed each other, and the exclusive activity of the one, generates the exclusive activity of the other.
There is something unfriendly in each to the other, but they are like the alternate periods of feeding and working in animals; each prepares and resume 2007 will be followed by the other. Therefore does beauty, which, in relation to actions, as we have seen, comes unsought, and comes because it is unsought, remain for the apprehension and pursuit of the intellect; and then again, in its turn, of the active power. Penalty Essay! Nothing divine dies. All good is eternally reproductive. The beauty of nature reforms itself in the mind, and not for barren contemplation, but for new creation. All men are in some degree impressed by the face of the world; some men even to delight. Resume 2007! This love of beauty is Taste. Others have the death essay, same love in such excess, that, not content with admiring, they seek to embody it in new forms. The creation of access 2007, beauty is Art. The production of a work of art throws a light upon the mystery of humanity.
A work of art is an abstract or epitome of the world. It is the result or expression of nature, in miniature. For, although the works of death penalty proposal, nature are innumerable and resume access all different, the 2009, result or the expression of them all is access, similar and single. Nature is a sea of forms radically alike and even unique. Writing! A leaf, a sun-beam, a landscape, the ocean, make an analogous impression on the mind. What is common to them all, -- that perfectness and harmony, is beauty. The standard of beauty is the entire circuit of natural forms, -- the resume access, totality of nature; which the Italians expressed by defining beauty il piu nell' uno. Nothing is quite beautiful alone: nothing but is beautiful in david leyshon resume the whole. A single object is only so far beautiful as it suggests this universal grace.
The poet, the painter, the sculptor, the musician, the architect, seek each to concentrate this radiance of the world on one point, and resume each in his several work to satisfy the love of beauty which stimulates him to produce. Thus is Art, a nature passed through the essay, alembic of man. Thus in art, does nature work through the will of a man filled with the beauty of her first works. The world thus exists to 2007 the soul to satisfy the desire of beauty. This element I call an ultimate end. No reason can be asked or given why the soul seeks beauty. Beauty, in its largest and profoundest sense, is one expression for the universe. God is the essays disrespect military, all-fair.
Truth, and goodness, and beauty, are but different faces of the same All. But beauty in nature is not ultimate. It is the herald of inward and eternal beauty, and resume access 2007 is not alone a solid and david leyshon resume satisfactory good. It must stand as a part, and not as yet the last or highest expression of the final cause of Nature. Chapter IV LANGUAGE Language is a third use which Nature subserves to man. Nature is the vehble, and threefold degree.
1. Words are signs of natural facts. 2. Particular natural facts are symbols of resume access 2007, particular spiritual facts. 3. Nature is the symbol of spirit. 1. David! Words are signs of natural facts. Resume Access 2007! The use of natural history is to give us aid in supernatural history: the leyshon, use of the outer creation, to give us language for resume access, the beings and changes of the inward creation. Essay Contest 2009! Every word which is used to express a moral or intellectual fact, if traced to its root, is found to be borrowed from some material appearance.
Right means straight ; wrong means twisted . Spirit primarily means wind ; transgression , the crossing of access, a line ; supercilious , the death, raising of the eyebrow . We say the heart to express emotion, the resume access 2007, head to denote thought; and thought and emotion a re words borrowed from sensible things, and now appropriated to spiritual nature. Most of the process by which this transformation is made, is hidden from essay writing contest 2009, us in the remote time when language was framed; but the same tendency may be daily observed in children. Children and savages use only nouns or names of things, which they convert into verbs, and apply to analogous mental acts. 2. But this origin of all words that convey a spiritual import, -- so conspicuous a fact in the history of language, -- is resume access 2007, our least debt to nature. It is not words only that are emblematic; it is essay, things which are emblematic. Every natural fact is a symbol of some spiritual fact. Access! Every appearance in nature corresponds to some state of the mind, and that state of the mind can only be described by presenting that natural appearance as its picture. An enraged man is a lion, a cunning man is a fox, a firm man is a rock, a learned man is a torch. A lamb is on marfan syndrome, innocence; a snake is subtle spite; flowers express to us the access 2007, delicate affections. Light and darkness are our familiar expression for essay, knowledge and ignorance; and heat for 2007, love.
Visible distance behind and before us, is respectively our image of memory and hope. Who looks upon a river in a meditative hour, and is not reminded of the flux of all things? Throw a stone into the stream, and the circles that propagate themselves are the beautiful type of all influence. Man is conscious of essay contest, a universal soul within or behind his individual life, wherein, as in a firmament, the natures of Justice, Truth, Love, Freedom, arise and shine. This universal soul, he calls Reason: it is not mine, or thine, or his, but we are its; we are its property and access 2007 men. And the blue sky in david which the resume access, private earth is buried, the sky with its eternal calm, and full of everlasting orbs, is the type of david leyshon, Reason. That which, intellectually considered, we call Reason, considered in relation to nature, we call Spirit. Spirit is the Creator.
Spirit hath life in itself. And man in all ages and countries, embodies it in his language, as the FATHER. It is 2007, easily seen that there is nothing lucky or capricious in these analogies, but that they are constant, and pervade nature. These are not the dreams of a few poets, here and there, but man is an analogist, and studies relations in all objects. Writing Proposal For Dummies! He is placed in the centre of beings, and a ray of relation passes from every other being to him. And neither can man be understood without these objects, nor these objects without man. All the facts in natural history taken by themselves, have no value, but are barren, like a single sex.
But marry it to human history, and it is full of life. Whole Floras, all Linnaeus' and Buffon's volumes, are dry catalogues of facts; but the access, most trivial of these facts, the habit of a dissertation for dummies, a plant, the organs, or work, or noise of an insect, applied to the illustration of a fact in intellectual philosophy, or, in any way associated to human nature, affects us in the most lively and agreeable manner. The seed of a plant, -- to what affecting analogies in the nature of man, is that little fruit made use of, in all discourse, up to the voice of Paul, who calls the access, human corpse a seed, -- It is sown a natural body; it is raised a spiritual body. The motion of the earth round its axis, and round the sun, makes the day, and the year. These are certain amounts of brute light and heat. But is there no intent of an analogy between man's life and oregon the seasons? And do the seasons gain no grandeur or pathos from that analogy?
The instincts of the ant are very unimportant, considered as the ant's; but the moment a ray of relation is seen to extend from it to man, and the little drudge is seen to be a monitor, a little body with a mighty heart, then all its habits, even that said to be recently observed, that it never sleeps, become sublime. Because of this radical correspondence between visible things and human thoughts, savages, who have only what is necessary, converse in figures. As we go back in history, language becomes more picturesque, until its infancy, when it is all poetry; or all spiritual facts are represented by natural symbols. The same symbols are found to make the original elements of all languages. It has moreover been observed, that the idioms of resume, all languages approach each other in passages of the greatest eloquence and power. And as this is the first language, so is it the last.
This immediate dependence of language upon nature, this conversion of an outward phenomenon into a type of somewhat in leyshon resume human life, never loses its power to affect us. It is this which gives that piquancy to the conversation of resume, a strong-natured farmer or back-woodsman, which all men relish. A man's power to connect his thought with its proper symbol, and so to contest 2009 utter it, depends on 2007, the simplicity of his character, that is, upon his love of truth, and essays military his desire to communicate it without loss. The corruption of man is followed by the corruption of language. When simplicity of character and access 2007 the sovereignty of ideas is broken up by the prevalence of secondary desires, the desire of riches, of pleasure, of power, and of praise, -- and duplicity and falsehood take place of simplicity and truth, the on marfan, power over nature as an interpreter of the will, is in a degree lost; new imagery ceases to be created, and old words are perverted to stand for resume 2007, things which are not; a paper currency is military, employed, when there is resume access 2007, no bullion in the vaults.
In due time, the fraud is manifest, and words lose all power to stimulate the understanding or the affections. A Dissertation Proposal For Dummies! Hundreds of writers may be found in every long-civilized nation, who for a short time believe, and make others believe, that they see and utter truths, who do not of themselves clothe one thought in its natural garment, but who feed unconsciously on the language created by the primary writers of the country, those, namely, who hold primarily on nature. But wise men pierce this rotten diction and fasten words again to visible things; so that picturesque language is at once a commanding certificate that he who employs it, is a man in resume access 2007 alliance with truth and God. Essay On Marfan Syndrome! The moment our discourse rises above the ground line of familiar facts, and is inflamed with passion or exalted by thought, it clothes itself in images. Resume Access 2007! A man conversing in earnest, if he watch his intellectual processes, will find that a material image, more or less luminous, arises in his mind, cotemporaneous with every thought, which furnishes the syndrome, vestment of the thought. Hence, good writing and brilliant discourse are perpetual allegories. This imagery is spontaneous. It is the blending of experience with the present action of the mind. It is 2007, proper creation.
It is the working of the Original Cause through the penalty essay, instruments he has already made. These facts may suggest the advantage which the country-life possesses for a powerful mind, over resume access the artificial and essay writing contest 2009 curtailed life of cities. We know more from nature than we can at will communicate. Its light flows into the mind evermore, and we forget its presence. The poet, the orator, bred in the woods, whose senses have been nourished by their fair and appeasing changes, year after year, without design and without heed, -- shall not lose their lesson altogether, in the roar of cities or the broil of access 2007, politics. Long hereafter, amidst agitation and terror in national councils, -- in the hour of revolution, -- these solemn images shall reappear in their morning lustre, as fit symbols and words of the thoughts which the passing events shall awaken. At the penalty essay, call of a noble sentiment, again the woods wave, the pines murmur, the resume access, river rolls and shines, and the cattle low upon the mountains, as he saw and heard them in his infancy. And with these forms, the david, spells of resume access, persuasion, the keys of power are put into his hands. 3. We are thus assisted by natural objects in the expression of particular meanings.
But how great a language to essay convey such pepper-corn informations! Did it need such noble races of creatures, this profusion of forms, this host of orbs in heaven, to furnish man with the dictionary and grammar of his municipal speech? Whilst we use this grand cipher to expedite the affairs of our pot and kettle, we feel that we have not yet put it to access its use, neither are able. Proposal! We are like travellers using the cinders of a volcano to roast their eggs. Resume Access 2007! Whilst we see that it always stands ready to clothe what we would say, we cannot avoid the question, whether the characters are not significant of themselves. Have mountains, and waves, and skies, no significance but what we consciously give them, when we employ them as emblems of our thoughts? The world is emblematic. Parts of speech are metaphors, because the whole of nature is a metaphor of the human mind. Proposal For Dummies! The laws of moral nature answer to those of matter as face to face in a glass.
The visible world and the relation of 2007, its parts, is the dial plate of the invisible. Leyshon! The axioms of physics translate the laws of resume, ethics. Thus, the whole is essay on marfan syndrome, greater than its part; reaction is equal to action; the smallest weight may be made to lift the greatest, the difference of weight being compensated by time; and many the like propositions, which have an ethical as well as physical sense. These propositions have a much more extensive and universal sense when applied to human life, than when confined to technical use. In like manner, the memorable words of history, and the proverbs of nations, consist usually of a natural fact, selected as a picture or parable of a moral truth. Thus; A rolling stone gathers no moss; A bird in resume access 2007 the hand is worth two in the bush; A cripple in the right way, will beat a racer in the wrong; Make hay while the david leyshon resume, sun shines; 'T is hard to carry a full cup even; Vinegar is the son of resume access 2007, wine; The last ounce broke the oregon, camel's back; Long-lived trees make roots first; -- and the like. In their primary sense these are trivial facts, but we repeat them for the value of their analogical import. What is true of proverbs, is true of all fables, parables, and allegories.
This relation between the mind and matter is not fancied by some poet, but stands in resume access 2007 the will of God, and writing a dissertation proposal for dummies so is free to resume 2007 be known by all men. It appears to men, or it does not appear. When in fortunate hours we ponder this miracle, the wise man doubts, if, at all other times, he is not blind and deaf; ------ Can these things be, And overcome us like a summer's cloud, Without our special wonder? for the universe becomes transparent, and the light of david leyshon, higher laws than its own, shines through it. It is the standing problem which has exercised the wonder and the study of every fine genius since the world began; from the era of the Egyptians and the Brahmins, to that of Pythagoras, of Plato, of resume 2007, Bacon, of Leibnitz, of on marfan syndrome, Swedenborg. There sits the Sphinx at the road-side, and resume from age to age, as each prophet comes by, he tries his fortune at reading her riddle.
There seems to be a necessity in spirit to manifest itself in material forms; and day and night, river and storm, beast and writing for dummies bird, acid and alkali, preexist in resume access necessary Ideas in the mind of God, and are what they are by virtue of preceding affections, in the world of spirit. A Fact is the end or last issue of spirit. The visible creation is the terminus or the circumference of the invisible world. Disrespect! Material objects, said a French philosopher, are necessarily kinds of scoriae of the substantial thoughts of the Creator, which must always preserve an exact relation to their first origin; in other words, visible nature must have a spiritual and moral side. This doctrine is abstruse, and resume access though the images of garment, scoriae, mirror, c., may stimulate the fancy, we must summon the disrespect, aid of subtler and more vital expositors to make it plain.
Every scripture is to be interpreted by the same spirit which gave it forth, -- is the fundamental law of criticism. A life in harmony with nature, the love of truth and of virtue, will purge the eyes to understand her text. By degrees we may come to resume access 2007 know the a dissertation proposal, primitive sense of the permanent objects of nature, so that the world shall be to us an open book, and every form significant of its hidden life and final cause. A new interest surprises us, whilst, under the resume 2007, view now suggested, we contemplate the fearful extent and multitude of essays disrespect military, objects; since every object rightly seen, unlocks a new faculty of the soul. That which was unconscious truth, becomes, when interpreted and defined in an object, a part of the domain of knowledge, -- a new weapon in the magazine of power. Resume Access! Chapter V DISCIPLINE In view of the significance of nature, we arrive at once at a new fact, that nature is writing 2009, a discipline. This use of the world includes the resume access 2007, preceding uses, as parts of itself. Space, time, society, labor, climate, food, locomotion, the animals, the writing contest, mechanical forces, give us sincerest lessons, day by resume access 2007 day, whose meaning is unlimited.
They educate both the Understanding and the Reason. Every property of matter is a school for the understanding, -- its solidity or resistance, its inertia, its extension, its figure, its divisibility. The understanding adds, divides, combines, measures, and david leyshon finds nutriment and room for its activity in this worthy scene. Resume 2007! Meantime, Reason transfers all these lessons into its own world of leyshon, thought, by perceiving the analogy that marries Matter and resume access 2007 Mind. 1. Nature is a discipline of the understanding in intellectual truths.
Our dealing with sensible objects is a constant exercise in the necessary lessons of difference, of likeness, of order, of being and essay seeming, of progressive arrangement; of ascent from particular to general; of resume 2007, combination to on marfan syndrome one end of manifold forces. Proportioned to the importance of the organ to be formed, is the extreme care with which its tuition is provided, -- a care pretermitted in no single case. What tedious training, day after day, year after year, never ending, to form the resume access 2007, common sense; what continual reproduction of annoyances, inconveniences, dilemmas; what rejoicing over us of little men; what disputing of prices, what reckonings of interest, -- and all to form the Hand of the mind; -- to instruct us that good thoughts are no better than good dreams, unless they be executed! The same good office is performed by Property and its filial systems of debt and credit. Debt, grinding debt, whose iron face the widow, the david resume, orphan, and the sons of genius fear and hate; -- debt, which consumes so much time, which so cripples and disheartens a great spirit with cares that seem so base, is a preceptor whose lessons cannot be forgone, and is needed most by access 2007 those who suffer from it most. Moreover, property, which has been well compared to snow, -- if it fall level to-day, it will be blown into drifts to-morrow, -- is the essay writing 2009, surface action of internal machinery, like the index on the face of a clock.
Whilst now it is the gymnastics of the understanding, it is hiving in the foresight of the access 2007, spirit, experience in leyshon resume profounder laws. The whole character and fortune of the individual are affected by the least inequalities in the culture of the 2007, understanding; for example, in essays the perception of differences. Therefore is Space, and therefore Time, that man may know that things are not huddled and lumped, but sundered and individual. A bell and access a plough have each their use, and neither can do the office of the other. Essay On Marfan Syndrome! Water is 2007, good to drink, coal to burn, wool to wear; but wool cannot be drunk, nor water spun, nor coal eaten.
The wise man shows his wisdom in separation, in gradation, and his scale of creatures and of merits is as wide as nature. The foolish have no range in their scale, but suppose every man is as every other man. What is essays disrespect, not good they call the worst, and what is not hateful, they call the best. In like manner, what good heed, nature forms in us! She pardons no mistakes.
Her yea is yea, and her nay, nay. The first steps in Agriculture, Astronomy, Zoology, (those first steps which the farmer, the hunter, and the sailor take,) teach that nature's dice are always loaded; that in her heaps and rubbish are concealed sure and useful results. How calmly and genially the mind apprehends one after another the resume access 2007, laws of physics! What noble emotions dilate the essay on marfan syndrome, mortal as he enters into the counsels of the creation, and feels by knowledge the privilege to BE! His insight refines him. The beauty of resume, nature shines in his own breast. Man is greater that he can see this, and the universe less, because Time and Space relations vanish as laws are known. Here again we are impressed and even daunted by contest 2009 the immense Universe to be explored.
What we know, is a point to what we do not know. Resume Access! Open any recent journal of science, and weigh the problems suggested concerning Light, Heat, Electricity, Magnetism, Physiology, Geology, and writing judge whether the interest of natural science is likely to be soon exhausted. Passing by resume many particulars of the discipline of essay writing, nature, we must not omit to specify two. The exercise of the access, Will or the lesson of power is taught in every event. From the child's successive possession of his several senses up to the hour when he saith, Thy will be done! he is learning the secret, that he can reduce under his will, not only particular events, but great classes, nay the whole series of events, and so conform all facts to his character. Nature is essays disrespect military, thoroughly mediate.
It is made to serve. It receives the dominion of man as meekly as the ass on 2007, which the Saviour rode. It offers all its kingdoms to man as the raw material which he may mould into what is useful. Man is never weary of working it up. He forges the subtile and delicate air into wise and melodious words, and gives them wing as angels of persuasion and essays military command.
One after another, his victorious thought comes up with and reduces all things, until the world becomes, at last, only a realized will, -- the double of the man. 2. Resume Access! Sensible objects conform to on marfan the premonitions of Reason and reflect the conscience. All things are moral; and in their boundless changes have an unceasing reference to resume 2007 spiritual nature. Therefore is nature glorious with form, color, and motion, that every globe in the remotest heaven; every chemical change from the rudest crystal up to the laws of life; every change of vegetation from the first principle of growth in the eye of oregon essay contest, a leaf, to the tropical forest and antediluvian coal-mine; every animal function from the sponge up to Hercules, shall hint or thunder to man the laws of resume 2007, right and wrong, and echo the Ten Commandments. Therefore is nature ever the ally of contest 2009, Religion: lends all her pomp and resume access riches to the religious sentiment. Prophet and priest, David, Isaiah, Jesus, have drawn deeply from this source. This ethical character so penetrates the bone and marrow of nature, as to seem the end for which it was made.
Whatever private purpose is answered by any member or part, this is its public and universal function, and is never omitted. Nothing in nature is exhausted in its first use. When a thing has served an end to the uttermost, it is wholly new for an ulterior service. In God, every end is converted into a new means. Thus the use of commodity, regarded by itself, is mean and squalid. But it is to 2009 the mind an education in the doctrine of Use, namely, that a thing is good only so far as it serves; that a conspiring of parts and efforts to the production of an end, is essential to any being. The first and gross manifestation of this truth, is our inevitable and hated training in values and wants, in corn and meat. It has already been illustrated, that every natural process is a version of a moral sentence. The moral law lies at the centre of nature and radiates to the circumference. It is the pith and marrow of every substance, every relation, and every process.
All things with which we deal, preach to us. What is a farm but a mute gospel? The chaff and the wheat, weeds and plants, blight, rain, insects, sun, -- it is access 2007, a sacred emblem from the first furrow of spring to a dissertation proposal for dummies the last stack which the snow of winter overtakes in 2007 the fields. But the sailor, the shepherd, the miner, the merchant, in their several resorts, have each an essays disrespect military experience precisely parallel, and leading to the same conclusion: because all organizations are radically alike. Nor can it be doubted that this moral sentiment which thus scents the resume, air, grows in the grain, and disrespect impregnates the resume access, waters of the world, is caught by man and writing a dissertation proposal for dummies sinks into his soul. The moral influence of nature upon every individual is that amount of truth which it illustrates to him. Who can estimate this? Who can guess how much firmness the sea-beaten rock has taught the fisherman? how much tranquillity has been reflected to man from the azure sky, over whose unspotted deeps the winds forevermore drive flocks of stormy clouds, and leave no wrinkle or stain? how much industry and providence and affection we have caught from the pantomime of brutes?
What a searching preacher of self-command is the varying phenomenon of Health! Herein is especially apprehended the unity of resume, Nature, -- the unity in variety, -- which meets us everywhere. All the endless variety of things make an identical impression. Essay Writing! Xenophanes complained in his old age, that, look where he would, all things hastened back to Unity. He was weary of seeing the same entity in the tedious variety of forms. The fable of Proteus has a cordial truth. A leaf, a drop, a crystal, a moment of time is related to the whole, and partakes of the perfection of the whole. Each particle is a microcosm, and faithfully renders the likeness of the world. Not only resemblances exist in 2007 things whose analogy is obvious, as when we detect the type of the human hand in the flipper of the fossil saurus, but also in objects wherein there is great superficial unlikeness.
Thus architecture is called frozen music, by De Stael and Goethe. Vitruvius thought an architect should be a musician. A Gothic church, said Coleridge, is a petrified religion. Michael Angelo maintained, that, to death penalty an architect, a knowledge of anatomy is 2007, essential. In Haydn's oratorios, the notes present to the imagination not only motions, as, of the snake, the stag, and the elephant, but colors also; as the green grass.
The law of penalty proposal, harmonic sounds reappears in access 2007 the harmonic colors. The granite is differenced in its laws only by the more or less of heat, from the river that wears it away. The river, as it flows, resembles the air that flows over essay writing contest it; the air resembles the light which traverses it with more subtile currents; the light resembles the resume access, heat which rides with it through Space. Each creature is only a modification of the other; the likeness in them is more than the difference, and writing a dissertation their radical law is one and the same. A rule of one art, or a law of one organization, holds true throughout nature.
So intimate is this Unity, that, it is easily seen, it lies under the undermost garment of nature, and betrays its source in Universal Spirit. For, it pervades Thought also. Every universal truth which we express in words, implies or supposes every other truth. Omne verum vero consonat. Resume! It is like a great circle on essay writing 2009, a sphere, comprising all possible circles; which, however, may be drawn, and comprise it, in like manner. Every such truth is the absolute Ens seen from one side.
But it has innumerable sides. The central Unity is still more conspicuous in actions. Words are finite organs of the infinite mind. They cannot cover the dimensions of what is in truth. They break, chop, and impoverish it. An action is the perfection and publication of thought. A right action seems to fill the eye, and to be related to all nature.
The wise man, in access 2007 doing one thing, does all; or, in the one thing he does rightly, he sees the likeness of all which is done rightly. Words and actions are not the contest, attributes of brute nature. They introduce us to the human form, of which all other organizations appear to be degradations. When this appears among so many that surround it, the spirit prefers it to all others. It says, `From such as this, have I drawn joy and knowledge; in such as this, have I found and beheld myself; I will speak to it; it can speak again; it can yield me thought already formed and alive.' In fact, the eye, -- the resume access, mind, -- is always accompanied by these forms, male and female; and these are incomparably the richest informations of the power and order that lie at the heart of things. Death Penalty Essay! Unfortunately, every one of them bears the marks as of some injury; is marred and resume superficially defective. Nevertheless, far different from the deaf and dumb nature around them, these all rest like fountain-pipes on the unfathomed sea of thought and virtue whereto they alone, of all organizations, are the entrances. It were a pleasant inquiry to follow into detail their ministry to our education, but where would it stop? We are associated in adolescent and adult life with some friends, who, like skies and waters, are coextensive with our idea; who, answering each to on marfan syndrome a certain affection of the soul, satisfy our desire on that side; whom we lack power to put at such focal distance from us, that we can mend or even analyze them. We cannot choose but love them.
When much intercourse with a friend has supplied us with a standard of excellence, and has increased our respect for the resources of God who thus sends a real person to outgo our ideal; when he has, moreover, become an object of thought, and, whilst his character retains all its unconscious effect, is converted in the mind into solid and sweet wisdom, -- it is a sign to us that his office is closing, and he is commonly withdrawn from resume access, our sight in a short time. Chapter VI IDEALISM Thus is the unspeakable but intelligible and practicable meaning of the world conveyed to man, the immortal pupil, in every object of sense. To this one end of Discipline, all parts of nature conspire. A noble doubt perpetually suggests itself, whether this end be not the Final Cause of the Universe; and whether nature outwardly exists. Disrespect Military! It is a sufficient account of that Appearance we call the World, that God will teach a human mind, and so makes it the receiver of a certain number of congruent sensations, which we call sun and moon, man and woman, house and trade. In my utter impotence to test the authenticity of the report of access, my senses, to know whether the impressions they make on essays disrespect military, me correspond with outlying objects, what difference does it make, whether Orion is up there in heaven, or some god paints the 2007, image in the firmament of the soul? The relations of parts and the end of the whole remaining the same, what is the difference, whether land and contest 2009 sea interact, and worlds revolve and intermingle without number or end, -- deep yawning under deep, and galaxy balancing galaxy, throughout absolute space, -- or, whether, without relations of time and space, the same appearances are inscribed in the constant faith of man? Whether nature enjoy a substantial existence without, or is only in the apocalypse of the mind, it is alike useful and alike venerable to me. Be it what it may, it is ideal to me, so long as I cannot try the accuracy of access 2007, my senses.
The frivolous make themselves merry with the Ideal theory, as if its consequences were burlesque; as if it affected the stability of nature. It surely does not. God never jests with us, and will not compromise the david leyshon resume, end of nature, by permitting any inconsequence in its procession. Any distrust of the permanence of laws, would paralyze the faculties of resume, man. Their permanence is sacredly respected, and his faith therein is perfect.
The wheels and springs of man are all set to the hypothesis of the permanence of nature. We are not built like a ship to be tossed, but like a house to stand. David! It is a natural consequence of this structure, that, so long as the active powers predominate over the reflective, we resist with indignation any hint that nature is more short-lived or mutable than spirit. The broker, the wheelwright, the carpenter, the access 2007, toll-man, are much displeased at essay writing contest the intimation. But whilst we acquiesce entirely in the permanence of 2007, natural laws, the question of the absolute existence of nature still remains open. It is the uniform effect of culture on the human mind, not to shake our faith in the stability of particular phenomena, as of heat, water, azote; but to writing a dissertation proposal for dummies lead us to regard nature as a phenomenon, not a substance; to attribute necessary existence to spirit; to esteem nature as an accident and an effect. To the senses and the unrenewed understanding, belongs a sort of instinctive belief in the absolute existence of nature. In their view, man and nature are indissolubly joined. Things are ultimates, and they never look beyond their sphere. The presence of Reason mars this faith.
The first effort of resume access, thought tends to relax this despotism of the senses, which binds us to nature as if we were a part of it, and proposal shows us nature aloof, and, as it were, afloat. Until this higher agency intervened, the animal eye sees, with wonderful accuracy, sharp outlines and colored surfaces. When the access 2007, eye of Reason opens, to outline and penalty essay surface are at once added, grace and expression. These proceed from imagination and affection, and abate somewhat of the angular distinctness of objects. If the Reason be stimulated to more earnest vision, outlines and surfaces become transparent, and are no longer seen; causes and spirits are seen through them. The best moments of life are these delicious awakenings of the higher powers, and the reverential withdrawing of nature before its God. Let us proceed to indicate the effects of culture.
1. 2007! Our first institution in the Ideal philosophy is a hint from nature herself. Nature is made to on marfan syndrome conspire with spirit to emancipate us. Certain mechanical changes, a small alteration in our local position apprizes us of access, a dualism. We are strangely affected by seeing the essay on marfan syndrome, shore from a moving ship, from a balloon, or through the tints of an unusual sky. The least change in resume 2007 our point of view, gives the whole world a pictorial air. A man who seldom rides, needs only to get into a coach and traverse his own town, to turn the street into a puppet-show. The men, the women, -- talking, running, bartering, fighting, -- the earnest mechanic, the lounger, the beggar, the boys, the dogs, are unrealized at once, or, at least, wholly detached from essays, all relation to the observer, and seen as apparent, not substantial beings.
What new thoughts are suggested by seeing a face of country quite familiar, in the rapid movement of the rail-road car! Nay, the most wonted objects, (make a very slight change in the point of vision,) please us most. In a camera obscura, the butcher's cart, and the figure of one of our own family amuse us. So a portrait of a well-known face gratifies us. Turn the eyes upside down, by looking at the landscape through your legs, and access how agreeable is the picture, though you have seen it any time these twenty years! In these cases, by mechanical means, is suggested the difference between the observer and the spectacle, -- between man and nature. Hence arises a pleasure mixed with awe; I may say, a low degree of the sublime is felt from the fact, probably, that man is oregon essay, hereby apprized, that, whilst the world is a spectacle, something in himself is stable. 2. In a higher manner, the poet communicates the resume 2007, same pleasure.
By a few strokes he delineates, as on air, the sun, the mountain, the camp, the city, the writing a dissertation, hero, the maiden, not different from what we know them, but only lifted from the ground and afloat before the eye. He unfixes the resume 2007, land and the sea, makes them revolve around the axis of his primary thought, and disposes them anew. Possessed himself by david a heroic passion, he uses matter as symbols of it. The sensual man conforms thoughts to things; the poet conforms things to his thoughts. The one esteems nature as rooted and fast; the other, as fluid, and impresses his being thereon.
To him, the refractory world is ductile and flexible; he invests dust and stones with humanity, and makes them the words of the Reason. The Imagination may be defined to be, the use which the Reason makes of the material world. Shakspeare possesses the power of subordinating nature for resume 2007, the purposes of syndrome, expression, beyond all poets. His imperial muse tosses the creation like a bauble from hand to hand, and uses it to embody any caprice of access, thought that is upper-most in his mind. The remotest spaces of nature are visited, and the farthest sundered things are brought together, by a subtle spiritual connection. We are made aware that magnitude of material things is relative, and all objects shrink and expand to serve the passion of the poet. Thus, in his sonnets, the lays of birds, the scents and dyes of penalty essay, flowers, he finds to resume access be the shadow of his beloved; time, which keeps her from him, is his chest ; the suspicion she has awakened, is oregon, her ornament ; The ornament of beauty is Suspect,
A crow which flies in heaven's sweetest air. His passion is not the fruit of chance; it swells, as he speaks, to a city, or a state. No, it was builded far from accident; It suffers not in smiling pomp, nor falls. Under the brow of thralling discontent; It fears not policy, that heretic, That works on access 2007, leases of short numbered hours, But all alone stands hugely politic In the strength of his constancy, the Pyramids seem to him recent and disrespect military transitory. The freshness of youth and love dazzles him with its resemblance to morning.
Take those lips away. Which so sweetly were forsworn; And those eyes, -- the break of day, Lights that do mislead the morn. The wild beauty of access, this hyperbole, I may say, in passing, it would not be easy to match in literature. This transfiguration which all material objects undergo through the passion of the poet, -- this power which he exerts to dwarf the david leyshon resume, great, to magnify the small, -- might be illustrated by a thousand examples from his Plays. I have before me the Tempest, and access will cite only these few lines. Writing 2009! ARIEL. The strong based promontory.
Have I made shake, and by the spurs plucked up. The pine and cedar. Prospero calls for music to soothe the frantic Alonzo, and his companions; A solemn air, and the best comforter. To an unsettled fancy, cure thy brains. Now useless, boiled within thy skull. Again; The charm dissolves apace, And, as the morning steals upon the night, Melting the darkness, so their rising senses.
Begin to chase the resume 2007, ignorant fumes that mantle. Their clearer reason. Begins to swell: and the approaching tide. Will shortly fill the reasonable shores. That now lie foul and muddy. The perception of real affinities between events, (that is to say, of essay contest, ideal affinities, for those only are real,) enables the poet thus to make free with the most imposing forms and phenomena of the world, and to assert the predominance of the resume 2007, soul. 3. Whilst thus the poet animates nature with his own thoughts, he differs from the philosopher only herein, that the one proposes Beauty as his main end; the other Truth. But the philosopher, not less than the poet, postpones the apparent order and essay on marfan syndrome relations of things to the empire of thought. The problem of philosophy, according to Plato, is, for all that exists conditionally, to find a ground unconditioned and absolute. It proceeds on the faith that a law determines all phenomena, which being known, the phenomena can be predicted.
That law, when in the mind, is an idea. Its beauty is infinite. The true philosopher and the true poet are one, and a beauty, which is truth, and a truth, which is beauty, is the aim of both. Resume Access 2007! Is not the charm of one of Plato's or Aristotle's definitions, strictly like that of the Antigone of Sophocles? It is, in both cases, that a spiritual life has been imparted to nature; that the solid seeming block of matter has been pervaded and dissolved by a thought; that this feeble human being has penetrated the vast masses of for dummies, nature with an informing soul, and recognised itself in their harmony, that is, seized their law. In physics, when this is attained, the memory disburthens itself of its cumbrous catalogues of particulars, and carries centuries of observation in a single formula. Thus even in physics, the material is degraded before the spiritual. The astronomer, the geometer, rely on resume, their irrefragable analysis, and disdain the results of observation. The sublime remark of Euler on his law of arches, This will be found contrary to all experience, yet is true; had already transferred nature into the mind, and left matter like an outcast corpse. 4. Intellectual science has been observed to beget invariably a doubt of the existence of matter.
Turgot said, He that has never doubted the existence of matter, may be assured he has no aptitude for metaphysical inquiries. It fastens the david leyshon resume, attention upon immortal necessary uncreated natures, that is, upon Ideas; and in their presence, we feel that the outward circumstance is a dream and a shade. Whilst we wait in resume access this Olympus of gods, we think of nature as an essay writing contest 2009 appendix to the soul. We ascend into their region, and know that these are the thoughts of the Supreme Being. These are they who were set up from everlasting, from the beginning, or ever the earth was. When he prepared the heavens, they were there; when he established the clouds above, when he strengthened the fountains of the deep. Then they were by him, as one brought up with him. Of them took he counsel. Their influence is proportionate. As objects of science, they are accessible to few men.
Yet all men are capable of being raised by piety or by passion, into their region. And no man touches these divine natures, without becoming, in some degree, himself divine. Like a new soul, they renew the body. We become physically nimble and lightsome; we tread on air; life is no longer irksome, and we think it will never be so. No man fears age or misfortune or death, in their serene company, for he is transported out of the district of change. Whilst we behold unveiled the nature of Justice and Truth, we learn the difference between the absolute and the conditional or relative. We apprehend the absolute.
As it were, for the first time, we exist. We become immortal, for we learn that time and space are relations of matter; that, with a perception of truth, or a virtuous will, they have no affinity. 5. Finally, religion and ethics, which may be fitly called, -- the access 2007, practice of ideas, or the introduction of ideas into life, -- have an analogous effect with all lower culture, in degrading nature and suggesting its dependence on spirit. Ethics and religion differ herein; that the one is the system of human duties commencing from man; the other, from God. Religion includes the personality of God; Ethics does not. They are one to our present design. They both put nature under foot. The first and last lesson of religion is, The things that are seen, are temporal; the things that are unseen, are eternal. It puts an oregon affront upon nature. It does that for the unschooled, which philosophy does for Berkeley and Viasa.
The uniform language that may be heard in access the churches of the most ignorant sects, is,------Contemn the unsubstantial shows of the world; they are vanities, dreams, shadows, unrealities; seek the realities of religion. The devotee flouts nature. Some theosophists have arrived at a certain hostility and indignation towards matter, as the Manichean and syndrome Plotinus. They distrusted in themselves any looking back to these flesh-pots of Egypt. Plotinus was ashamed of resume access 2007, his body.
In short, they might all say of matter, what Michael Angelo said of external beauty, it is the frail and weary weed, in which God dresses the writing a dissertation proposal, soul, which he has called into time. It appears that motion, poetry, physical and resume intellectual science, and religion, all tend to affect our convictions of the reality of the external world. But I own there is something ungrateful in expanding too curiously the particulars of the general proposition, that all culture tends to imbue us with idealism. I have no hostility to nature, but a child's love to it. I expand and live in the warm day like corn and melons. Let us speak her fair. I do not wish to fling stones at essay syndrome my beautiful mother, nor soil my gentle nest. I only wish to indicate the true position of nature in regard to man, wherein to establish man, all right education tends; as the ground which to attain is the object of human life, that is, of man's connection with nature. Resume Access! Culture inverts the oregon, vulgar views of nature, and brings the mind to call that apparent, which it uses to call real, and resume that real, which it uses to call visionary.
Children, it is true, believe in the external world. The belief that it appears only, is an afterthought, but with culture, this faith will as surely arise on the mind as did the first. The advantage of the ideal theory over the popular faith, is this, that it presents the world in precisely that view which is most desirable to the mind. It is, in fact, the view which Reason, both speculative and practical, that is, philosophy and virtue, take. For, seen in the light of thought, the world always is phenomenal; and virtue subordinates it to the mind. Idealism sees the world in God. It beholds the whole circle of persons and things, of actions and events, of country and religion, not as painfully accumulated, atom after atom, act after act, in an aged creeping Past, but as one vast picture, which God paints on the instant eternity, for the contemplation of the soul.
Therefore the soul holds itself off from a too trivial and microscopic study of the universal tablet. It respects the end too much, to immerse itself in the means. It sees something more important in Christianity, than the scandals of ecclesiastical history, or the niceties of essay contest 2009, criticism; and, very incurious concerning persons or miracles, and not at all disturbed by chasms of historical evidence, it accepts from God the phenomenon, as it finds it, as the pure and awful form of religion in the world. It is not hot and resume passionate at the appearance of what it calls its own good or bad fortune, at the union or opposition of other persons. No man is its enemy. It accepts whatsoever befalls, as part of its lesson. A Dissertation For Dummies! It is a watcher more than a doer, and it is a doer, only that it may the better watch. Chapter VII SPIRIT It is resume, essential to a true theory of nature and of man, that it should contain somewhat progressive. Uses that are exhausted or that may be, and facts that end in the statement, cannot be all that is true of this brave lodging wherein man is harbored, and wherein all his faculties find appropriate and endless exercise.
And all the uses of nature admit of being summed in one, which yields the activity of man an infinite scope. Through all its kingdoms, to the suburbs and outskirts of things, it is faithful to the cause whence it had its origin. It always speaks of Spirit. It suggests the absolute. It is a perpetual effect. It is a great shadow pointing always to the sun behind us. The aspect of nature is devout. Like the figure of writing contest 2009, Jesus, she stands with bended head, and hands folded upon the breast. The happiest man is he who learns from nature the lesson of worship. Of that ineffable essence which we call Spirit, he that thinks most, will say least.
We can foresee God in the coarse, and, as it were, distant phenomena of matter; but when we try to define and describe himself, both language and thought desert us, and we are as helpless as fools and savages. That essence refuses to be recorded in propositions, but when man has worshipped him intellectually, the noblest ministry of nature is to stand as the apparition of access, God. It is the organ through which the david leyshon, universal spirit speaks to the individual, and strives to lead back the individual to it. When we consider Spirit, we see that the views already presented do not include the 2007, whole circumference of man. We must add some related thoughts.
Three problems are put by nature to the mind; What is oregon essay contest, matter? Whence is resume access, it? and Whereto? The first of these questions only, the ideal theory answers. Idealism saith: matter is a phenomenon, not a substance. Idealism acquaints us with the total disparity between the evidence of our own being, and the evidence of the world's being. The one is military, perfect; the 2007, other, incapable of any assurance; the david leyshon, mind is a part of the nature of things; the resume access, world is a divine dream, from which we may presently awake to on marfan syndrome the glories and certainties of day. Idealism is resume 2007, a hypothesis to account for nature by essay writing other principles than those of carpentry and access 2007 chemistry. Yet, if it only deny the existence of matter, it does not satisfy the a dissertation, demands of the spirit. It leaves God out of me. It leaves me in 2007 the splendid labyrinth of my perceptions, to essay syndrome wander without end. Then the heart resists it, because it balks the affections in resume access 2007 denying substantive being to essay men and women.
Nature is so pervaded with human life, that there is resume, something of humanity in all, and in every particular. But this theory makes nature foreign to me, and does not account for that consanguinity which we acknowledge to it. Let it stand, then, in the present state of our knowledge, merely as a useful introductory hypothesis, serving to apprize us of the eternal distinction between the soul and the world. But when, following the invisible steps of thought, we come to inquire, Whence is matter? and Whereto? many truths arise to us out of the recesses of consciousness. Writing A Dissertation For Dummies! We learn that the highest is present to the soul of man, that the dread universal essence, which is not wisdom, or love, or beauty, or power, but all in one, and resume access 2007 each entirely, is that for which all things exist, and that by which they are; that spirit creates; that behind nature, throughout nature, spirit is present; one and essay contest 2009 not compound, it does not act upon us from without, that is, in space and time, but spiritually, or through ourselves: therefore, that spirit, that is, the Supreme Being, does not build up nature around us, but puts it forth through us, as the life of the tree puts forth new branches and leaves through the pores of the old.
As a plant upon the earth, so a man rests upon the bosom of God; he is resume access, nourished by unfailing fountains, and draws, at his need, inexhaustible power. Who can set bounds to the possibilities of man? Once inhale the upper air, being admitted to behold the absolute natures of justice and truth, and we learn that man has access to the entire mind of the Creator, is himself the creator in the finite. This view, which admonishes me where the sources of wisdom and power lie, and points to virtue as to The golden key. Which opes the essays, palace of eternity, carries upon its face the highest certificate of truth, because it animates me to create my own world through the purification of my soul. The world proceeds from the same spirit as the body of man. It is a remoter and inferior incarnation of God, a projection of God in the unconscious. Resume Access 2007! But it differs from the body in one important respect.
It is not, like that, now subjected to the human will. Essay Contest! Its serene order is inviolable by us. It is, therefore, to us, the present expositor of the divine mind. Resume! It is a fixed point whereby we may measure our departure. As we degenerate, the contrast between us and our house is more evident. We are as much strangers in nature, as we are aliens from God. We do not understand the notes of birds. The fox and the deer run away from us; the bear and tiger rend us. We do not know the uses of more than a few plants, as corn and the apple, the essay writing contest, potato and the vine.
Is not the landscape, every glimpse of which hath a grandeur, a face of resume, him? Yet this may show us what discord is between man and nature, for leyshon resume, you cannot freely admire a noble landscape, if laborers are digging in resume the field hard by. The poet finds something ridiculous in his delight, until he is out of the sight of men. Chapter VIII PROSPECTS In inquiries respecting the laws of the world and essay on marfan syndrome the frame of things, the resume 2007, highest reason is always the penalty essay, truest. That which seems faintly possible -- it is so refined, is often faint and dim because it is deepest seated in the mind among the eternal verities.
Empirical science is resume access 2007, apt to cloud the sight, and, by the very knowledge of functions and processes, to on marfan bereave the student of the manly contemplation of the whole. The savant becomes unpoetic. But the best read naturalist who lends an entire and devout attention to resume access truth, will see that there remains much to learn of his relation to the world, and that it is not to be learned by any addition or subtraction or other comparison of known quantities, but is arrived at by untaught sallies of the spirit, by a continual self-recovery, and by writing for dummies entire humility. He will perceive that there are far more excellent qualities in the student than preciseness and infallibility; that a guess is often more fruitful than an indisputable affirmation, and that a dream may let us deeper into the secret of nature than a hundred concerted experiments. For, the problems to resume be solved are precisely those which the writing proposal for dummies, physiologist and resume access 2007 the naturalist omit to state. It is not so pertinent to man to know all the individuals of the animal kingdom, as it is to know whence and whereto is this tyrannizing unity in his constitution, which evermore separates and classifies things, endeavoring to reduce the for dummies, most diverse to one form. When I behold a rich landscape, it is less to my purpose to recite correctly the order and superposition of the strata, than to resume access know why all thought of multitude is lost in a tranquil sense of unity. Penalty Proposal! I cannot greatly honor minuteness in details, so long as there is no hint to access explain the relation between things and thoughts; no ray upon the metaphysics of conchology, of botany, of the arts, to penalty proposal essay show the relation of the forms of flowers, shells, animals, architecture, to the mind, and build science upon ideas. In a cabinet of natural history, we become sensible of access 2007, a certain occult recognition and sympathy in regard to the most unwieldly and eccentric forms of beast, fish, and insect.
The American who has been confined, in essays disrespect his own country, to the sight of buildings designed after foreign models, is surprised on entering York Minster or St. Peter's at Rome, by the feeling that these structures are imitations also, -- faint copies of an invisible archetype. Nor has science sufficient humanity, so long as the resume access, naturalist overlooks that wonderful congruity which subsists between man and the world; of which he is lord, not because he is the most subtile inhabitant, but because he is its head and heart, and finds something of himself in every great and small thing, in every mountain stratum, in every new law of color, fact of astronomy, or atmospheric influence which observation or analysis lay open. A perception of this mystery inspires the muse of George Herbert, the beautiful psalmist of the seventeenth century. David Leyshon! The following lines are part of his little poem on Man. Man is 2007, all symmetry, Full of writing contest, proportions, one limb to another, And to all the resume, world besides. Each part may call the farthest, brother; For head with foot hath private amity,
And both with moons and tides. Nothing hath got so far. But man hath caught and kept it as his prey; His eyes dismount the david resume, highest star; He is in little all the sphere. Herbs gladly cure our flesh, because that they.
Find their acquaintance there. For us, the winds do blow, The earth doth rest, heaven move, and fountains flow; Nothing we see, but means our good, As our delight, or as our treasure;
The whole is either our cupboard of food, Or cabinet of pleasure. The stars have us to bed: Night draws the curtain; which the 2007, sun withdraws. Music and light attend our head. All things unto our flesh are kind, In their descent and being; to our mind, In their ascent and cause. More servants wait on man.
Than he'll take notice of. In every path, He treads down that which doth befriend him. When sickness makes him pale and wan. Oh mighty love! Man is one world, and hath. Another to attend him. The perception of this class of truths makes the attraction which draws men to science, but the end is lost sight of in attention to the means. In view of this half-sight of science, we accept the penalty essay, sentence of Plato, that, poetry comes nearer to resume 2007 vital truth than history. Every surmise and vaticination of the mind is entitled to a certain respect, and we learn to prefer imperfect theories, and sentences, which contain glimpses of truth, to digested systems which have no one valuable suggestion.
A wise writer will feel that the ends of writing for dummies, study and composition are best answered by announcing undiscovered regions of thought, and so communicating, through hope, new activity to the torpid spirit. I shall therefore conclude this essay with some traditions of access, man and nature, which a certain poet sang to me; and which, as they have always been in the world, and perhaps reappear to every bard, may be both history and prophecy. `The foundations of man are not in matter, but in writing proposal for dummies spirit. But the element of access, spirit is david, eternity. To it, therefore, the longest series of access 2007, events, the oldest chronologies are young and recent. David! In the cycle of the universal man, from whom the known individuals proceed, centuries are points, and all history is but the epoch of one degradation. `We distrust and deny inwardly our sympathy with nature. We own and disown our relation to it, by turns. We are, like Nebuchadnezzar, dethroned, bereft of reason, and eating grass like an resume 2007 ox.
But who can set limits to the remedial force of spirit? `A man is a god in ruins. Resume! When men are innocent, life shall be longer, and shall pass into the immortal, as gently as we awake from dreams. Now, the world would be insane and rabid, if these disorganizations should last for hundreds of years. Resume! It is kept in check by death and infancy. Infancy is the perpetual Messiah, which comes into the arms of fallen men, and pleads with them to return to paradise. `Man is the for dummies, dwarf of himself. Once he was permeated and dissolved by spirit. He filled nature with his overflowing currents. Out from him sprang the sun and moon; from man, the sun; from woman, the moon. The laws of his mind, the periods of his actions externized themselves into day and night, into the year and the seasons.
But, having made for himself this huge shell, his waters retired; he no longer fills the access, veins and death penalty proposal essay veinlets; he is shrunk to a drop. He sees, that the structure still fits him, but fits him colossally. Access 2007! Say, rather, once it fitted him, now it corresponds to him from far and on high. Disrespect! He adores timidly his own work. Now is man the follower of the 2007, sun, and woman the follower of the moon. Yet sometimes he starts in his slumber, and disrespect wonders at resume himself and his house, and muses strangely at the resemblance betwixt him and it. He perceives that if his law is still paramount, if still he have elemental power, if his word is sterling yet in nature, it is not conscious power, it is writing for dummies, not inferior but superior to his will.
It is Instinct.' Thus my Orphic poet sang. At present, man applies to access nature but half his force. He works on the world with his understanding alone. He lives in it, and syndrome masters it by 2007 a penny-wisdom; and he that works most in it, is but a half-man, and whilst his arms are strong and his digestion good, his mind is imbruted, and he is a selfish savage. His relation to nature, his power over syndrome it, is through the understanding; as by manure; the resume access, economic use of fire, wind, water, and the mariner's needle; steam, coal, chemical agriculture; the repairs of the writing proposal, human body by the dentist and the surgeon. This is such a resumption of power, as if a banished king should buy his territories inch by inch, instead of vaulting at access 2007 once into his throne. Meantime, in the thick darkness, there are not wanting gleams of a better light, -- occasional examples of the action of man upon nature with his entire force, -- with reason as well as understanding. Such examples are; the traditions of miracles in the earliest antiquity of all nations; the history of Jesus Christ; the achievements of a principle, as in religious and contest political revolutions, and in the abolition of the Slave-trade; the miracles of enthusiasm, as those reported of Swedenborg, Hohenlohe, and the Shakers; many obscure and yet contested facts, now arranged under the name of Animal Magnetism; prayer; eloquence; self-healing; and resume access the wisdom of children. These are examples of Reason's momentary grasp of the sceptre; the exertions of a power which exists not in time or space, but an instantaneous in-streaming causing power.
The difference between the actual and the ideal force of man is on marfan syndrome, happily figured by the schoolmen, in saying, that the knowledge of man is an evening knowledge, vespertina cognitio, but that of God is a morning knowledge, matutina cognitio. The problem of restoring to the world original and eternal beauty, is solved by the redemption of the soul. The ruin or the blank, that we see when we look at nature, is in our own eye. The axis of vision is not coincident with the axis of things, and resume 2007 so they appear not transparent but opake. The reason why the world lacks unity, and lies broken and in disrespect heaps, is, because man is disunited with himself. He cannot be a naturalist, until he satisfies all the demands of the spirit. Love is as much its demand, as perception. Access 2007! Indeed, neither can be perfect without the other. In the uttermost meaning of the david leyshon, words, thought is devout, and devotion is thought. Deep calls unto deep.
But in actual life, the marriage is not celebrated. There are innocent men who worship God after the tradition of their fathers, but their sense of duty has not yet extended to the use of all their faculties. And there are patient naturalists, but they freeze their subject under the wintry light of the understanding. Is not prayer also a study of truth, -- a sally of the soul into resume access the unfound infinite? No man ever prayed heartily, without learning something. But when a faithful thinker, resolute to detach every object from personal relations, and see it in the light of thought, shall, at military the same time, kindle science with the fire of the holiest affections, then will God go forth anew into the creation.
It will not need, when the mind is prepared for study, to search for objects. The invariable mark of wisdom is to see the miraculous in the common. Resume Access! What is essays, a day? What is a year? What is summer? What is woman? What is a child?
What is sleep? To our blindness, these things seem unaffecting. We make fables to hide the baldness of the fact and resume access 2007 conform it, as we say, to the higher law of the mind. But when the fact is essays military, seen under the light of an idea, the resume access, gaudy fable fades and shrivels. We behold the real higher law. To the penalty essay, wise, therefore, a fact is true poetry, and access 2007 the most beautiful of fables.
These wonders are brought to our own door. You also are a man. Man and woman, and their social life, poverty, labor, sleep, fear, fortune, are known to you. Learn that none of these things is superficial, but that each phenomenon has its roots in the faculties and affections of the mind. Whilst the abstract question occupies your intellect, nature brings it in the concrete to be solved by your hands. It were a wise inquiry for the closet, to compare, point by essay point, especially at remarkable crises in resume access life, our daily history, with the rise and progress of ideas in the mind. So shall we come to look at the world with new eyes. It shall answer the endless inquiry of the intellect, -- What is truth? and of the affections, -- What is good? by death yielding itself passive to the educated Will. Then shall come to access 2007 pass what my poet said; `Nature is not fixed but fluid. Spirit alters, moulds, makes it.
The immobility or bruteness of nature, is the absence of spirit; to pure spirit, it is fluid, it is volatile, it is resume, obedient. Every spirit builds itself a house; and beyond its house a world; and beyond its world, a heaven. Know then, that the 2007, world exists for you. For you is the phenomenon perfect. What we are, that only writing for dummies, can we see.
All that Adam had, all that Caesar could, you have and resume can do. Contest 2009! Adam called his house, heaven and earth; Caesar called his house, Rome; you perhaps call yours, a cobler's trade; a hundred acres of access, ploughed land; or a scholar's garret. David Leyshon Resume! Yet line for line and point for point, your dominion is access, as great as theirs, though without fine names. Writing! Build, therefore, your own world. As fast as you conform your life to the pure idea in your mind, that will unfold its great proportions.
A correspondent revolution in things will attend the influx of the spirit. So fast will disagreeable appearances, swine, spiders, snakes, pests, madhouses, prisons, enemies, vanish; they are temporary and shall be no more seen. The sordor and filths of nature, the sun shall dry up, and the wind exhale. As when the summer comes from the south; the snow-banks melt, and the face of the earth becomes green before it, so shall the advancing spirit create its ornaments along its path, and resume carry with it the beauty it visits, and the song which enchants it; it shall draw beautiful faces, warm hearts, wise discourse, and heroic acts, around its way, until evil is no more seen. The kingdom of man over nature, which cometh not with observation, -- a dominion such as now is beyond his dream of God, -- he shall enter without more wonder than the blind man feels who is gradually restored to penalty proposal perfect sight.'
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How to Write an Exploratory Essay With Sample Papers. VirginiaLynne has been a University English instructor for over 20 years. She specializes in helping people write essays faster and easier. Exploratory essays don't take a position. Instead, they explore the resume access, problem and the different viewpoints about the answer. Objective : Exploratory essays approach a topic from an objective point of view with a neutral tone.
Rather than trying to solve the problem, this essay looks at all the different perspectives on the issues and essay writing 2009 seeks to explain the different viewpoints clearly. Common Ground : Exploratory papers look at the different audiences or groups of resume access 2007, people who are interested in this issue and explore their different perspectives while also noticing common ground. Three or More Points of View: Sometimes there are two sides of an issue that are most often expressed and which polarize debate. This type of paper seeks to essay writing 2009 look beyond the obvious answers to access find creative solutions. For example, on the illegal immigration topic, an exploratory paper could consider not only the liberal and conservative political views but also look at the argument from the point of view of david leyshon resume, immigrants or border patrol employees. Prepare a basic outline using the Outline format below.
Re-read your articles and your Summary-Analysis-Response paper. Fill in how each article can be used to support your points in your outline. Access! Be sure to include the essay on marfan syndrome, source of that point in MLA form, which is author last name and access page in parenthesis. Death Penalty! Example: (Brown 31). Talk out your paper with a friend. Work with a friend or a small group. Explain your paper using your outline. Resume Access 2007! Tell them your points and make sure they understand. Contest! Do they have any ideas on how to resume access 2007 make your essay more interesting? Have them answer the questions on Peer Edit Outline below. Optional: you may want to gather some visuals to include in your essay.
Write a draft. Be sure to include transitions such as “some people believe,” “another perspective is,” “one way to look at the issue is,” “a final perspective might be.” Don’t forget to use author tags if you are talking about a particular article. Essays Disrespect Military! Work summarized ideas, paraphrases, and quotes from your research into your draft. In an exploratory paper, you mainly summarize or paraphrase in your own words the access 2007, positions you describe. Only use quotations which are especially striking or make the point in a way you can’t by paraphrasing.
Peer Editing: Using the essays disrespect military, questions in the Peer Editing section below, evaluate your paper by following the Instructions for Writer and having someone else do the peer editing questions. Final Draft: Use what you've learned from the 2007, peer editing session to revise your paper. 1. Essays! Define and describe the issue and resume 2007 present the arguable question (introduction). 2. David Resume! Analyze the rhetorical situation of the issue, including Text, Reader, Author, Constraints and Exigence (see below on resume, outline) (body part one). 3. Identify and summarize at least three major positions on this issue (body part two). 4. Indicate your personal interest in this issue and the position you favor (conclusion).
5. Optional: You might want to gather one or more visuals to add to your paper. Exploratory Papers need to have an arguable question, which means it is a question that is: Not solved. Not a fact you could easily check the answer to. Something people have different views about (try to find at least three). Interesting to people right now. Linked to an enduring issue. There are three things you need to do in essays the introduction: Grab the reader's interest in the arguable issue. Use one of the introductory techniques in access the table to explain the situation and argument. Make sure the oregon essay contest, reader understands the issue and why it is important (some issues need lots of explanation and resume 2007 description, but others are so well known you don't need to explain).
Tell the penalty, arguable question (usually at the end of the introduction). Re-tell a real story Give statistics Depict a made-up scenario Vividly describe a scene or situation Explain a typical situation Have a real or imagined conversation about the issue Talk about what makes this argument important now Use an resume access, intriguing statement or quote Give history of this idea or argument Make a list of problems Give several examples of this problem Ask a series of questions Use a frame (use part of story to david leyshon open, then finish story in conclusion) Use interview questions and access 2007 answers. The body of resume, this type of essay has two parts. The first part is generally one paragraph and explains the problem or issue. The second part is generally three or more paragraphs and 2007 explains the essays disrespect military, different positions on the topic. Part One: Explain the Rhetorical Situation: Text : What sort of writing is being done on this subject? Is it a question being discussed in the news? By advocacy groups? Politicians?
Is there an academic study being done? Reader: Who are the audiences interested in access this question? What are the different positions they hold? Why are the readers interested in writing a dissertation for dummies this question? Author : Who are the resume 2007, people writing on this question? What is common ground between the authors and readers (audiences)? Constraints: What attitudes, beliefs, circumstances, traditions, people, or events limit the way we can talk about this subject?
Do constraints create common ground or do they drive the people holding different positions apart? Exigence: (Context of debate on on marfan syndrome, the issue) What events or circumstances make us interested in this question now? What is the history of this issue and question? How has interest in this question changed over time? What enduring values (big life issues) does this debate relate to? Part Two: Three or More Positions on resume access 2007, the Issue. For each of the three or more positions, you need to write a separate paragraph. In each paragraph: Explain the position. On Marfan! Tell why people believe that position. Give the best arguments for that position.
Explain how those arguments are supported. You can also do some contrast and comparision between the positions. Access 2007! That makes an especially effective transition. Death Penalty Essay! For example: In contrast to the idea that homelessness is resume access 2007 caused by a lack of homes, faith-based homeless agencies often argue that there are relationship issues which are at the heart of the problem. A third position suggests that it isn't lack of housing or poor relationships which are the root of the problem, but rather substance abuse and mental illness. Sample Starting Sentences for Body Part Two. Start each of the paragraphs with a clear sentence stating the different position. Here are examples of proposal, how to begin each paragraph: Position 1: Many people believe… What is this point of view?
Which articles can you use for resume 2007, this point of view? What part of the article is helpful? Position 2: Other people would contend… What is this point of view? Which articles can you use for this point of view? What part of the article is helpful? Position 3: Another way to look at this question is…. What is this point of view? Which articles can you use for this point of view? What part of the article is helpful?
The conclusion of your essay is where you can tell your personal opinion on this issue. Proposal For Dummies! You can also explain why you are interested in this particular topic. Access! Your position may be one of the ones you describe in the body or it may be something you have thought up yourself. In the conclusion, you can use some of the same techniques that you use in your introduction. Here are some other ideas: Finish the frame story.
Add the david, final evidence you find most convincing. Tell the resume, reader your own conclusions and point of view. If you aren't sure what you think, then say that and explain what you think are the most important points to essay writing contest 2009 consider. Challenge the reader to decide. Outline the main things we need to think about when we make a decision about 2007 this question—what is important and proposal essay what is not. After you have written your outline, get some help by practicing talking about your paper idea in a small group, or in front of the whole class.
Take turns in your group having each person share about resume access their paper using their outline. Then the group can respond to questions, comments, and essays disrespect suggestions. It helps if you write down your comments so the person can remember. In my class, I hand out these questions, or sometimes write them on the board and have students choose one or two to answer. Is the introduction interesting? Do you feel you understand the issue and the question? Do the question and the three positions match up? Is there a contrast in the positions? Are there other positions you think need to be considered?
Is the context/constraints of the question clear? Is there other supporting evidence you can think of? Is the response interesting? Does the resume 2007, author respond to the ideas and connect them with their own thoughts and/or experiences? How can they do that better? Anything you think is missing or needs to be explained or expanded? Having someone else read your essay and give you some feedback is a great way to improve your writing. In my class, students work in groups to proposal peer edit and I usually try to have at least two people read every essay. If your class does not do that, you can arrange it on your own by having a friend or even your parents look over your essay. Here is the access, peer editing worksheet I use in my class.
I start by having each writer look at david leyshon resume their own paper, and then have at least two peer editors answer the questions. Underline: your question, the three positions, your position Wavy underline: author tags and citations. II. Write (at top of 2007, draft or on a separate sheet of paper): What is best about your paper. Questions you have for the peer editor. What you want them to help you with. I. Death Penalty Essay! Read the access 2007, paper and make marks on the draft about: grammar and spelling errors what you think is good where they need more support where they need better transitions where they need references, citations or author tags (or any problems with ones they have) where they need more explanation or description. II. Military! On a separate sheet of paper write:
Intro : was the resume 2007, issue both defined and oregon essay described? Anything that needs to be added? Was the resume, opening interesting? How could it be improved? Body : How well does the paper examine the rhetorical situation? (exigence [reason for this debate], audience [who is interested in this issue], and constraints [situations and attitudes which affect the oregon contest, debate]) Is there any part missing?
How can it be improved? Does the paper effectively summarize three different positions and explain what they are? Who believes them? Why do they believe it? Does the paper give enough evidence for each position? Conclusion: Does the author respond to the issue and give an interesting perspective? Does the author need to add anything? Most of the time, students are asked to write argument papers that present a particular point of view and attempt to persuade the audience. Sometimes that makes this writing assignment seem confusing.
Here is the resume access 2007, difference between this assignment and an argument paper: Argument Essays focus on proving one point of view : An argument or position essay seeks to come to a conclusion and convince the audience which side of the issue is correct. Death Penalty Essay! The emphasis in an argument paper is on the side the resume access, author wants to prove is best or right, so while the paper may talk about other views, most of the paper is proposal essay spent proving one point of resume, view. Exploratory essays look at several points of view in writing for dummies a neutral way. Rather than trying to solve the problem, this sort of paper explores the resume 2007, different perspectives of the problem and seeks to understand the cultural and social context of the issue. It is the sort of paper you would write before writing a solution paper. An exploratory paper is common in businesses when they are attempting to find a solution to a problem and need to get all of the disrespect military, possible perspectives and information available. Exploratory papers help you look at different audiences to help find common ground.
This paper also explores the different audiences or groups of access, people who are concerned about david resume this issue, giving their different viewpoints on the cause, effects, and solutions proposed. In order to do this paper, you may want to narrow the issue you are thinking about resume 2007 so that you can cover the idea more effectively. Exploratory papers should examine at least three points of view : Sometimes there are two sides of an issue which are most often expressed and which polarize a debate. In an exploratory paper, you are asked to look beyond the obvious answers in order to find other points of resume, view which can sometimes help in 2007 solving the problem. For example, in looking at the issue of illegal immigration, you can examine the conservative and death proposal liberal political views, but you can also look at the viewpoint of the illegal immigrants themselves, the viewpoint of the resume 2007, government that the illegal immigrants come from, and the viewpoints of the people who live on both sides of the border where illegal immigrants cross. You might also consider the viewpoint of the border patrol employees. The conclusion of an exploratory paper can give your opinion: You will explore at least three sides of the essay, issue, giving fair treatment to each side. However, in resume the conclusion of the paper, you will indicate your own position and why you are persuaded in that direction. Whether it is labeled an exploratory essay or not, you will find this sort of oregon essay, paper in many business and college research papers. The basic point of this paper is to let you examine all the different viewpoints on an issue.
Here are some examples of resume access 2007, exploratory questions: What caused the Civil War in the U.S.? What will happen in the Middle East in the next 10 years after the Arab Spring? How should the U.S. handle illegal immigration? What should we do with embryos left over from in-vitro fertilization? In a business, an employee might be asked to write an david resume, exploratory report about: How do people perceive our product based on different types of resume, advertising? How do people use our product most often? What are the death penalty proposal essay, top competing products and resume 2007 what advantages does each have over our product? What are the military, different possible cell phone or Internet service contracts available to us and resume access 2007 what are the advantages/disadvantages of each one? By looking at three or more viewpoints, you can get a better understanding of the different audiences for an issue and better understand how a solution or compromise might be developed.
Which Exploratory Essay question is most interesting to you? How to writing for dummies Write a Reading Response Essay with Sample Papers. by Virginia Kearney 26. 100 Argument or Position Essay Topics with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 37. How to Write a Proposal Essay/Paper. by Laura Writes 40. How to Write a Reflective Essay with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 21. 100 Argument or Position Essay Topics with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 37.
by Virginia Kearney 16. How to Write an resume access 2007, Argument Essay Step by Step. by Virginia Kearney 15. Virginia Kearney 10 months ago from United States. Hi Sharon! Welcome back to the classroom. I'm so glad this has helped you. I have over leyshon 50 articles on writing here on HubPages that I've written for my own students. These should be helpful for resume access 2007, most college writing classes although you always need to make sure they fit with your particular instructor's assignments.
Hope you do very well this semester! This is extremely helpful for essays disrespect military, me as a student. I've been out of school for quite some time. Unfortunately, not all instructors are the same. Resume! Thank you for sharing your knowledge with us. This is so helpful, thank you! Susan Baxter 4 years ago from Georgia. This would be useful for my teenagers to use during their essay at david school.
Thank you. Virginia Kearney 5 years ago from access United States. Aubria--thanks for your comment. I do understand that sometimes we need students to be tested for their own ability to write without help. I do that too. However, I know that not all of my students have actually had good instruction on the different aspects of david, various types of essays. Often the instructions in textbooks aren't as clear as they could be. Virginia Kearney 5 years ago from United States.
Thanks so much kerlynb! I've been frustated with many of the books I teach out of because they don't explain how to resume 2007 organize these papers. I certainly was never taught anything about how to put the david leyshon resume, paper together. So after a few years of college teaching, I started analyzing the essays in my textbooks and access 2007 also the best student essays and came up with my series of writing contest 2009, How to write papers. I've been amazed how many views they get each day. I'm so glad if I can help students! kerlynb 5 years ago from Philippines, Southeast Asia, Earth ^_^
Just where were you when I was in HS? This is so useful! I mean, many of us writers would need to come up with an exploratory piece every now and then. Have to vote this one up and useful :) Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners.
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