Date: 24.1.2017 / Article Rating: 4 / Votes: 750 #Apa reference research paper

Recent Posts

Home >> Uncategorized >> Apa reference research paper

Apa reference research paper

Oct/Fri/2017 | Uncategorized

APA Citation Style | Reference List pdf 3 Кб

Apa reference research paper

Write my essay -
APA Format Research Paper Writing Help | APA Reference…

APA Essay Format: Help with Writing Your Essay Paper. An APA , American Psychological Association, style is apa reference paper, a standard of writing academic papers in a variety of subjects relevant to essay the social sciences. This allows to write essays and research papers according to the same generally accepted standard in Sociology, Psychology, Education, Political Science, Business and other disciplines. APA Style is notable for certain requirements related to paper format, font, margins and headings, as well as referencing. We designed this page to guide you through all the peculiarities of apa reference research paper formatting a paper in APA style . Essay! Learning about apa reference paper APA style will be a very rewarding experience for essay advice, you, as you will be able to reply it in all of your next writing assignments. Quick Navigation through the APA Essay Format Page: The Fundamentals of an APA Essay Format. What comprises the APA style ? Does it provide requirements only to referencing the sources or to whole essay? In their published guide book, the research paper American Psychological Association, provides APA standards on the following issues: Title page. Unlike MLA style which doesn#8217;t require a title page, it is a must in APA essay format . It usually contains such standard elements as the title of the paper, the student#8217;s name, teachers or course name, and the due date. The APA title page can be easily distinguished by the running header, the page number on the title page and two titles (a short one is followed by the full title). Locke Human Understanding! Abstract . Abstract is a single paragraph usually a half page long, and paper, is written on a separate sheet.

An abstract summarizing the advice entire paper has the apa reference research paper same copyrights as the whole paper. It should provide the main ideas/results of the paper and mention the methodology used to prize essay achieve them. Page format . Page format recommendations in APA style concern page numbers, margins, indentation and spacing. In-text references . The format of references in APA format is the foremost subject of student#8217;s concerns. You may pick up citations, quotations and summaries from various sources to support your statements. When you use the idea or results that are not yours, they are to be referenced correctly. APA style approves of in-text references. The author and the year of publication should be included within the parenthesis in paper, the essay. Different Of Essays! Page numbers also need to be mentioned when picking up lines from a book. Use of quotations . APA style recommends to put short quotations in quotation marks.

If the quotations used exceed the word limit of 40 words, then the apa reference writer should indent 5 spaces from the essay advice to youth margin and apa reference, it should be double spaced. Also, in case of a long quotation, quotation marks should not be used, instead it should be ended with a full stop. Headings . Though it may be not required for an essay, but if you will write a research paper or thesis in APA format you#8217;ll need to structure it. Advice! Headings are used to separate and classify paper sections. Thus use different heading styles for headings of sections and apa reference paper, subsequent subsections. Reference list . Reference list is a must when you use in-text references, for you need to present the concerning human understanding full information about the apa reference research sources used.The reference list includes all sources used in the essay writing and cited in the paper, and it is persuasive essay conclusion, arranged according to the alphabetical order by author. It is also of great importance to know how exactly different sources are cited as books, journals, magazines, and web pages are cited in a different way with certain requirements to each type of a source.

You may consider how the basic APA requirements are met in APA Essay sample . APA Essay Template (Cick the Image to Enlarge) When using APA style there are a few standards to keep in mind: double spaced; have all the margins set to one inch; it’s recommended to use the font serif typeface for the text and sans serif typeface for any labels; use 10-12 for the font size; always have page numbers; a header with the title of the paper should also be used. So, you may either format your essay in APA format yourself or download APA Template in rtf file from P rof E . Our expert writers will format your paper for free when you place an order on our website. Your essay will come to you in the APA format with a free bibliography and apa reference, proper in-text citations. Other free extras that are included are a free outline, free plagiarism report and free title page. From! Try our services and get 15 percent off your first order! Just put the code FPE15OFF in the order form to get the discount, and request the free add-ons that you need. We know the feeling, it#8217;s like a 300 lb weight on your shoulders.

The paper#8217;s due date is apa reference, fast approaching, you think about the work all the time but haven#8217;t started yet and you spend hours staring at a blank piece of paper waiting for inspiration to different types strike while your friends are all out having fun. Well, that can all change in an instant. P rof E is a reliable academic writing service service providing professional essay help. Our qualified experts genuinely understand how to write an A+ essay in APA Format. Use our interactive calculator to see how much it will cost you to gain your freedom back. Within 10 minutes, you can be out apa reference research paper having the time of your life while we write an A+ paper for you and deliver it to essay conclusion your inbox always on time! Learn More.

Why choosing us to help? P rof E has been providing custom writing services to students for the past eight years. Thousands of students have benefited from our services, achieving excellence in their courses and education. The evident testimony to the excellence of our services and the trust our customers have in us is that 65% of our customers come back with repeat orders. Your privacy is important to P rof E , none of your personal information or details, such as credit card or banking details, will ever be compromised or disclosed to any third party. You are always on the save side with P rof E ! Click here to place your order. References are obligatory in paper, a body of the from an essay essay if you use some external sources, and especially when you cite them in the APA essay . In-text references are used instead of research paper footnotes in APA format. The sources are indicated by the last name of an different types author, a year of publication and a page number (if possible).

In-text references are put in parenthesis (round brackets) within the sentence. Thus the standard in-text reference in apa reference research paper, APA style will have the following format (Author, year) or (Author, year, page) . But there may be variations: 1. If you are referring to an idea from another work, summarize it findings, or tell about the authors viewpoint you are referring to the whole book and should use (Author, year) format. Example : T. E. Lawrence, a British intelligence officer, became regarded as the man who was in charge of the emily dickinson belonging thesis Arab revolt (Thomas, 1924). 2. If you are quoting the source or bring in apa reference, figures provided in it, you need to include the page number in your in-text reference. Market! Like: (Author, year, page). Example : Lawrence was compared to #8220;a caliph who had stepped out from the pages of #8216;The Arabian nights'#8221; (Thomas, 1924, 16) 3. Apa Reference! If the market author or the apa reference paper year of publication is already mentioned in the sentence there is no need to repeat this information in the in-text citation again. Examples: With Lawrence in Arabia was published in 1924 (Thomas). Lawrence of Arabia became famous due to the book of Lowell Thomas (1924). 4. Multiple authors reference . If the source is written by multiple authors, then you should state last names of all of them, at essay, least in the first reference within the essay. Later in the essay, one can use the name of the apa reference paper first author with et al for others. Awakenings! Example: (Morris, Raskin, 1993) first in-text reference. (Morris et al., 1993) subsequent in-text reference.

5. In case of no author . Paper! In some cases the author may be an essay organization or department, so the stating of their name will complete the apa reference APA essay format . Or else the different types mention of the book will also fulfill the need. Titles of books in research paper, the in-text references should be italicized, titles of articles, chapters, and different, web pages are in quotation marks. Organization: (, 2009) Book: (The correspondence, 1914) The reference list includes all sources used in the course of the essay and cited in the paper. The references should always be organized in alphabetical order . This gives an organized look to paper the essay. It is persuasive essay, also important to know exactly how different sources, such as books, journals, magazines, and apa reference paper, web pages should be shown in the reference list. As certain requirements differ for each type of source: Book : Author, A. (Year of goblin market publication). Title of apa reference paper work: SUBTITLE. Location: Publisher. Note: if you have several books by the same author in types of essays, the reference list, you should list them in paper, chronological order.

Article : Author, A. (Year). Title of article. Title of Periodical, volume number (issue number), pages. on-line source : Author, A. A. Essay Advice To Youth! (Year, Month Date if availiable). Title of apa reference article. Name of the web-site. Retrieved from locke an essay concerning human understanding, http://www.url/ on Year, Month Date. Research Paper! Readers and advice, writers alike can find headings as a useful tool in writing. Aside from providing order, essay headings can function as an ID – in the sense that it can provide identification on the ideas that are presented below. Headings function as a guide for your readers, as it will clue them in on your thought flow. Apa Reference Research Paper! The APA style allows five levels of advice headings when writing.

Level one is the first category, while the subsequent levels are provisions for succeeding sub-categories. In the APA essay format it is of the utmost importance to use the titles and headings appropriately. APA makes recommendations on the APA essay headings format, where information on font, punctuation and apa reference research paper, position are provided, all of which can be viewed at : heading level 1: Centered, Boldface, Each Word with a Capital Letter. heading level 2: Left-adjusted, Boldface, Each Word with a Capital Letter. heading level 5: Indented, italicized, with a period . Note : in APA format headings #8220; Introduction #8221; and #8220; Conclusion #8221; are not required! Only the parts of the main body should have headings! Title page should be numbered in APA format. A “running header” should be placed in the right corner at the top of the page next to the page number.

A “running header” in APA style contains a short title of the goblin essay. Research! The essay title should be placed one-third of the prize page down from the top. APA styles requires to write a short title first, put a colon and write the apa reference paper full title underneath. Author#8217;s name is usually several lines underneath. The name of the course, the name of professor, and the date of submission are printed at goblin market essay, the bottom of the APA title page.

APA regulations on abbreviations, tables and figures. You may not need it in apa reference paper, your APA essay , but there are APA regulations on abbreviations, tables and figures. Abbreviations can be used later in dickinson thesis, the essay after the full form is mention in the first time. This saves space, but makes a mention of the author, book or organization each time it is used. In APA papers both tables and figures should be presented on separate pages, with the caption at the bottom of the page. What to research remember with the APA essay writing format. The main thrust of documenting guidelines is to essay advice avoid plagiarism. To do so, several citing outlines have been created by research, many academics or groups – one of which is the American Psychological Association or the APA.

As with other documenting guidelines, the APA generally recommends in-text citations. These types are enclosed in a parenthesis and placed immediately after the borrowed thought or idea. Different! When beginning with the APA essay writing format , P rof E suggests that the apa reference paper student should always remember to essay writing take note of the reference material’s author(s), publication house, publication year and the page number where the idea was taken from. APA essay format may sound tricky and troublesome to some, but is actually an easy way to apa reference organize a written work. The APA Essay Format is entirely designed to structure the flow of thoughts throughout the essay.

It is said that the citing is complicated, but only has a few rules and guidelines that need to be followed. Eyes Prize Awakenings! The format can be adapted depending on the nature and the topic of research paper a custom essay. It particularly helps in cases where many writers are involved in the writing process at the same time, giving symmetry and locke human understanding, a logical presentation without a miss to paper the readers. Different! When writing an essay, citing your reference(s) is considered a critical part of the apa reference research writing process. This fundamental element of writing helps students avoid plagiarism.

In an academe, plagiarism is a very serious offense that can sometimes lead to expulsion. The American Psychological Association or the APA style is the formatting guide that is used when writing a paper on different of essays, the Social Sciences. As with all documenting styles, the APA has recommendations on essay format, headings and citing references. Information on apa reference research paper, formatting your APA essay now easier because there are a number of on-line sites, such as P rof E , which can provide you with key points in advice to youth, documentation. Anyone and any company can claim to offer its essay help, but not every company can offer high-quality and result-oriented essay help. The appropriate APA format for your manuscript.

Many professors recommend strict compliance with manuscript formatting guidelines when writing any type of academic paper. Following the format not only ensures organization for each essay written by research paper, an individual student, but it also provides uniformity in appearance for different, all students’ academic papers. In writing a paper regarding the social sciences, APA makes several recommendations and guidelines on the format of essays . Though these elements may seem trivialon the use of the title page, the format of headings, page numbers, margins, indentation and spacing. Paper! Though these elements may seem trivial, P rof E believes that compliance remains a must. College essay format: writing effectively in the collegiate level. What differentiates a college essay from a high school or a junior high school essay is the level of professionalism it exudes. As more complex topics are discussed, the need for further research becomes a necessity.

Another important factor to consider is the format of the essay. Essay! APA college essay format requires thorough referencing and citing as well as structuring of the essay . While college academic papers follow the basic essay format of introduction, body and apa reference, conclusion, it is important to essay advice remember that the APA college essay format must be more encompassing and more extensive. The APA college essay format differs from simple APA style so we provide specific essay help in this type of writing. P rof E believes that many academes actually require a five paragraph essay on the college level, where the body consumes 60% of the whole essay. Apa Reference Research Paper! P rof E is professional and reliable essay writing service which provides 24/7 customer essay help. Write Effectively With the Right Essay Format. A standard essay format provides order to any academic paper.

Though this is dickinson thesis, merely a superficial element of essay writing, its importance is undeniable, as many established documenting styles provide recommendations for the format of any academic paper. The American Psychological Association, APA, also has suggestions for your APA college essay format .

Best Essay Writers Here -
Research paper reference apa

marrysong essay A poet is, before anything else, a person who is research, passionately in different types, love with language. He never learned her, quite. Year after year. that territory, without seasons, shifted. under his eye. An hour he could be lost. in the walled anger of her quarried hurt. on turning, see cool water laughing where.

the day before there were stones in her voice. He charted. She made wilderness again. Roads disappeared. The map was never true. Wind brought him rain sometimes, tasting of sea – and suddenly she would change the shape of apa reference, shores. faultlessly calm. All, all was each day new; the shadows of dickinson thesis, her love shortened or grew. like trees seen from an unexpected hill, new country at apa reference each jaunty helpless journey. So he accepted that geography, constantly strange. Wondered.

Stayed home increasingly to find. His way among the landscapes of her mind. 26 thoughts on “ ‘Marrysong’ by Dennis Scott ” Dennis Scott was born in Jamaica in 1939 and died in 1991. Many of his poems were written in a Caribbean vernacular. Line 7 He charted He tried to human understanding make a map – i.e. tried to make sense of the landscape of her personality. a. How, in lines 3 to 6, does the writer make the reader feel the hurt and anger of the apa reference research paper, first mood and the happiness of the second? (Look at the way the images are presented and the sound of the dickinson belonging thesis, lines.) b. Lines 7 and 8 are made up of four very short sentences.

What is the effect of this? (Read them out loud.) c. The last three lines show a new phase in the relationship. Ironically, instead of journeying, he now ‘stayed home’. This is a new twist in the extended metaphor. In what sense did he stay home?

d. What is the effect of ‘wondered’ as a one word sentence? e. Apa Reference Research Paper! How is eyes prize, rhyme used? In lines 3 to 6, the writer makes the paper, reader feel the goblin, hurt and anger of the first mood and the happiness of the second by showing the change of emotion. Scott is lost inside her anger, which is ‘walled’ so it seems as though she was hiding her ‘hurt’, as it is ‘quarried’, suggesting it is dark and paper, dangerous. Dennis Scott shows how her emotions change often when he writes ‘on turning’. Her second emotion seems nasty as her laugh is referred to as ‘cool water’. The poet writes a further example if her changing emotions by commenting on her emotion the day before; she had ‘stones in her voice’ which could mean she is attacking him with her words or she is locke concerning human understanding, trying not to cry, with a clump in her throat.

Lines 7 and 8 are made up of apa reference paper, four very short sentences. The effect of this is to show his uncertainty and confusion. Eyes Prize Awakenings Essay! He tries to map her emotions to understand the flow of them. The ‘wilderness’ is untamed and unpredictable. The roads that disappeared off his map showed organisation and rules set in stone.

The map, we are told, was wrong. The last three lines show a new phase in the relationship. Ironically, instead of journeying, he now ‘stayed home’. This is a new twist in paper, the extended metaphor. He stayed at home in a sense that he wasn’t going to explore anymore; he was going to essay to youth take her emotions as they come. He starts to realise that he can’t know her emotions in patterns.

The effect of ‘wondered’ as a one word sentence is a decision to think about her and not to wander around her personality. Rhyme is not used often in the poem; symbolising how no day is the same and her emotions don’t have a pattern. In lines 16 and 17, the rhyme of ‘find’ and research, ‘mind’, symbolising how he is kindly interested in essay, finding how to understand her ‘mind’, personality and ‘wilderness’. The rhyme in research, lines 11 and 12, ‘new’ and ‘grew’, show how growing creates a new thing and persuasive essay writing conclusion, you never know what it will be; her emotions seem to be compared to metamorphosis. Cara you are to be congratulated on producing such an incredibly mature response to such a complex poem. Research! I think this is your best piece to date as you really strive to essay explain your well selected quotations, and you display confidence in analysing the examples you provide. Your observations are astute, and apa reference research paper, it is essay advice, clear that you like this poem. Paper! Perhaps you might want to keep this one as top of your list when in comes to writing about it later on.

Thank you, again. In lines 3 to emily dickinson thesis 6 the writer makes the reader feel the hurt and paper, anger of the first mood and the happiness of the second. Dennis Scott achieves this by describing her as “walled anger of her quarried hurt” and “cool water laughing”, this suggests that at prize one second she can be angry at him and a second after she can be laughing and having fun with him. Lines 7 and 8 are made of four very short lines “He charted. She made wilderness again. Roads disappeared. Research! The map was never true.”. The effect of this is confirming what a poet is writing about, his wife’s personality change every time and unexpectedly, which show this as short sentences suggest a sudden end and the beginning of a new sentence. Essay Writing Conclusion! In those lines the poet, Dennis Scott, thinks that he understand her wife completely in the end, but it is not true as she changes her personality again, which suggest to marks and apa reference research, hints disappear and his understanding being another false understanding.

The last three lines show a new phrase in the relationship. Locke From Concerning Human! Ironically, instead of journeying, he now “stayed home”. This is a new twist in the extended metaphor, which suggests that he finally understood that he will never understand her personality completely and accepts her personality as it is. Apa Reference Research Paper! The poet uses word ‘Wondered’ to eyes awakenings make an effect of him actually thinking about apa reference paper, her as individual not her personality. The rhyme is not used in this poem except in lines 11,12, 16 and 17 which suggests that the days of his life spending with his wife are not really same and can be compared to other days, which perfectly matches to the topic he is talking about. A detailed response Andrey with some interesting observations which suggest you understand the poem well.

Some of your ideas could have been developed further -eg, why the short sentences, in other words what does this suggest about the relationship. I think there is a slight pun on ‘Wondered’ which means thinking; at first we might expect the poet to use ‘Wandered’ since we have been travelling along the ‘map’ of his perception of his wife. I think ‘Wondered’ is used to show a growing acceptance of her. Thank you for your contribution, Andre. In line 3 to 6, the poet makes the reader feel hurt and anger on persuasive essay writing conclusion, the first mood and the happiness of the second. Dennis Scott achieves this by comparing his wife’s constantly changing mood with ice cold water, the wall of anger, quarry of paper, hurt and changing landscape. The poet writes “An hour he could be lost in the walled anger of her quarried hurt,” to show his confusion at the sudden change of emotion, trap by her emotion, and doesn’t know what happened or what to do.

The use of the word “quarried” gives the reader an image of a deep, dark, mysterious mine. It makes the reader feel like the poet’s wife is essay, hiding something from him,as if she has buried her hurt in apa reference research, the ground and is hoping no one finds it. In lines 7 and market, 8, the apa reference paper, poet uses metaphor. He compares his wife’s constantly changing emotion with landscape. Eyes Awakenings Essay! The poet also compares his understanding of his wife to a map. In this fourth sentence, the poet is saying that he is trying to draw a map of constant changing landscape, but every time he thinks he has completed the map, the landscape will start changing even further. The truth is, the apa reference research paper, poet is talking about essay to youth, his wife. Every time he thinks he understand her perfectly, her emotions and personality will change in the most unexpected way. The poet only uses four sentences, but he expresses everything he wanted to say in a way that is apa reference, both complicated and deep. The last three lines of the poem shows that the poet is going to take in different, and get prepare to her changing emotion instead of research, trying to understand the reasons behind it. It also shows that the poet finally understands he can never understand and know his wife perfectly.

There is always something new to learn and discover. Excellent work, Anna. You have responded to this poem extremely well and with great sensitivity. I don’t think the wife is a particularly difficult person, and that whilst the efforts of the persona, the speaker of the poem, in trying to to youth understand her is apa reference, commendable, I would say that it is difficult to understand a person completely. In this way, the poem is about acceptance.

I am pleased with the of essays, detail of your analysis, and it is clear that you like this poem. Well done. In line 3 to 6, the writer makes the apa reference research, reader feel the hurt and anger of the first mood and locke from human, the happiness of the second. Dennis Scot achieves this by changing several words from ‘walled anger’ to ‘cool water laughing’. ‘Walled anger’ means that he is trapped or difficult to understand why she is angry. ‘Cool water laughing’ indicates that she suddenly calms down and apa reference research, becomes happy. Lines 7 and 8 are made up of four very short sentences. This gives an effect which tells that he tried to figure out what her wife actually is like. Essay To Youth! However, she suddenly changed her personality again. Therefore, the poet mentioned ‘Roads disappeared’ which means his navigation became useless.

The last three lines show a new phrase in the relationship. Ironically, instead of journeying, he now ‘stayed home’. This is a new twist in the extended metaphor and ‘stayed home’ means that the poet gives up to find out his wife’s personality. He decides to stay home instead of apa reference, going out wasting his time. The poet used ‘wondered’ to regret himself wasting his time looking for his wife’s personality. There are some words that rhyme such as ‘new’ and ‘grew’ at 11 and 12, and ‘find’, ‘mind’ for last two lines. A good solid response, Tom, which demonstrates your ability to select appropriate words and discuss their meaning. You are most certainly on the right track and you have a very good understanding of the essay advice to youth, poem -now perhaps you can attempt to discuss your wonderful idea further? In lines 3 to 6, the writer makes the reader feel the hurt and research paper, anger of the first mood and the happiness of the second (look at the way the images are presented and the sound of the prize, lines). Dennis Scott achieves this by apa reference research showing us that his wife has moods that keep changing. One day she’s ice and different types, the next she’s warm, comforting water.

He explains this by saying “in the walled anger of her quarried hurt”. When we read this, we can picture her like a mine; it is dark, deep, hidden, and you never know what you will expect to find. It is like he is trapped in her changing wall of anger. On line five, he shows her sarcasm by saying “See cool water laughing”. Water is cold and paper, can be dark, so this shows that her laughter has sarcasm in locke from human understanding, it and that it is apa reference research, like her moods.

In line six, Scott uses the metaphor stones in “The day before there were stones in eyes prize awakenings essay, her voice” which tells us that something is bothering her; the stones are describing the tone of her voice, and the tone shows a hint of unsureness. It is like she is attacking him, like the stones are some deadly weapons. Apa Reference Paper! Scott describes her as unpredictable and with a mood that never stops changing. Lines 7 and eyes, 8 are made up of four very short sentences. The effect of research paper, this is that it shows their relationship and how they get angry. The woman is unpredictable by advice changing the map that Scott is figuring out and adding wilderness, and he explains this by saying “He charted. Apa Reference Paper! She made wilderness again”. Line eight shows the man’s confusion by saying “Roads disappeared.

The map was never true”. He can never predict what the woman will do or what her emotions will be. The last three lines show a new phase in the relationship. Dickinson Thesis! Ironically, instead of journeying, he now ‘stayed home’. This is a new twist in the extended metaphor. In what sense did he stay home? He stayed home because he wanted to stay and accept her and her emotions for who she is. Research! He isn’t going to take a journey through her mind anymore, but wait for what he might find next.

What is the effect of ‘wondered’ as a one word sentence? The effect of wondered as a one word sentence is that Scott is prize, deciding not find out what her personality truly is, he will stop wandering and will accept whatever comes along. How is rhyme used? Dennis Scott does not use a rhyming pattern, but in lines 11, 12, 16 and 17 he uses ‘new, grew, find and mind’. These words describe his lover, because he is trying to ‘find’ out what her personality really is, her love shortened or grew, each day she has a new personality that is new, and at the end he doesn’t mind what he will expect in the future.

The rhymes basically tell the story in four words. A delightful conversational analysis, Celeste. Although your written expression is less formal, less academic than previous comments, this one also shows your excellent understanding of the poem, and research paper, your keen observant eye. I like what you say about the rhyme scheme being the poem in four words, and wished that there was another sentence to explain how this is so, even though I kind of different types, guessed it. Thank you very much for yet another detailed discussion. In lines 3 to apa reference research paper 6, the writer makes the reader feel the hurt and anger of the first mood of the mood and the happiness in the second.

Dennis Scott achieves this by locke an essay human understanding expressing his wife’s personality very differently. As in line four, Scott writes how it is “walled anger.” gives us a good image that he is trapped in her heart and cannot find the apa reference, way out. Also “quarried hurt can be meant as if Scott cannot find the treasure that is deeply hidden. Also in line five, Scott uses two words that contract from essay advice to youth each other giving us a sense that she is quite a two face. He uses “cool water,” to represent her bad side and laughter to research represent her good side. In line six, Scott writes how there were stones in concerning human, her voice. This portrays an image that she is strong in words and can lie very easily.

Lines 7 and apa reference, 8 are made up of four very short sentences. The effect of this is that Scott can never truly know his wife. Scott must have had a hard time to convey this message for more than four sentences. As it is hard for him to describe about his wife more than four short sentences because he doesn’t fully understand her. It is essay writing, described that Scott tried to paper make a map that guides him to eyes awakenings his wife’s heart.

However, Scott writes that the map was never true and that she had made wilderness again. The last three lines show a new phase in the relationship. Ironically, instead of paper, journeying, he now ‘stayed home’. This is a new twist in the extended metaphor. The writer is conveying a message that he is going to give up in emily belonging, the journey to research paper find her true emotions. He is going to from an essay human accept his wife for who she truly is. He referred his search for her personality as Wondered. He uses wondered in one sentence because he wants the readers to know that he has been very anxious to find out his find personality. In this poem, Scott tries not to rhyme many lines because he wants the readers to sense that he is wandering and research paper, can’t find what he is looking for.

However in essay advice, lines 16 and apa reference research, 17, when he decided to accept his wife for locke from human, who she truly is, the foggy clouds cleared and he didn’t have to live with the miserable question in his mind “Who is my wife?” So Scott used rhyme to apa reference ensure the readers that he is fine and okay now. Thank you for your detailed discussion, Se-One. You make many passing points in relation to the meaning of the lines, though you do not take the extra step to elaborate upon them which is why your writing sounds very stilted, and is lacking in flow. I am not sure if I agree with the portrait you have painted of the wife -about her being able to lie easily, and being two-faced. In this way, I think you might have misunderstood the poem a little. Please read some of the others to get you back on track. In lines three to six, the writer makes the reader feel the hurt and emily dickinson belonging thesis, anger of the first mood and the happiness of the second. Dennis Scott achieves this by using the words ‘walled anger of her quarried hurt’, which gives a feeling of darkness, hurt, danger, deep and paper, other sad and pessimistic feelings. This illustrates an image of the wife being angry, but she is keeping her anger within herself, and advice to youth, the husband (Scott) is apa reference research, wandering around her inner feelings regretting and trying to resolve her anger. We can see this by ‘walled anger’.

The next part of the line relates to her happy self and how she can change her personality from advice to youth being angry, back to apa reference research happy. ‘oh turning, see cool water laughing where the day before there were stones in her voices’. By this line we can see that she was really angry by ‘the day before there were stones in her voices’. This suggests that her voice was heavy and emily belonging, takes away the ability to talk properly. It also implies that her voice and research, words were hurtful. The second emotion of happiness comes in line five ‘see cool water laughing’, which implies that her anger is cooled down by market the water. We can also see that she is the type to be angry one day and the next day she’ll be completely fine. In lines seven and eight are made up of four very short sentences. The effect of these sentences is that the husband cannot understand the wife’s feelings.

By making the sentences short it makes an apa reference research paper, effect of advice to youth, preciseness and research, conveys the message more clearly. Essay Advice To Youth! The message the research paper, poet is trying to convey is that he has attempted to draw or chart his wife’s feelings and personality, but has failed as she is changing by emily dickinson the second. This is reinforced by ‘the map was never true’ because this implies that he never completely understood his wife or her personality. By the words ‘roads disappeared’ suggests that the sense of apa reference research paper, order is starting to lose its turgidity. Another effect made by these short sentences is that it tells us that it is impossible to fully comprehend her thoughts and herself. This is reinforced by the line ‘She made wilderness again’ because ‘wilderness’ implies that just when he thought he understood her, she disappeared and changed back into the wild making the map the guy drew into nothing but a piece of scrap paper. The last three lines of the poem ‘Marrysong’ shows a new phase in the relationship. Ironically, instead of journeying, he now ‘stayed home’. This is a new twist in the extended metaphor because during the first three quarters of the poem the poet describes how he always attempts to draw or map her, but miserably fails because of his wife’s ever changing personality. By the last three lines of the poem the types of essays, other’s tone changes from apa reference research trying to understand her and map her, into accepting her existence as she is. We can see this by the poet’s use of the words ‘So he accepted that geography, constantly strange’ reinforces the idea of accepting her existence as it is.

In line 2 the one word is very strange in context. The word ‘wondered’ is used instead of the locke an essay, word ‘wandered’, which is apa reference paper, more suited for the situation because up to eyes awakenings essay this point of the poem the poet kept on talking about apa reference research, travelling and journeying through the wife’s mind in goblin market essay, order to apa reference get a map. The effect of the word wondered is that it identifies that he is thinking about her in a way that she is mysterious. If you look it in another point of view the words ‘wandered’ and persuasive conclusion, ‘wondered’ are very similar in this situation because up to this point the poem was all about travelling and apa reference, journeying through the wife’s mind. The effect of the word ‘wondered’ because the eyes, poet is endlessly thinking about his wife. Although the poet’s point of view changes, he is still trying to apa reference research paper figure her out, because in order to emily dickinson belonging thesis accept someone you need to understand them, but the man changes and in the end the word ‘wondered’ identifies his hard efforts in order to accept her as herself.

Rhyme is used in this poem to emphasize the point he was trying to make in that specific part of the poem and to make the reader more joyful by making it rhyme. Some of the rhymes in the poem are ‘All, all was each day new, the shadows of apa reference research paper, her love shortened or grew’ and ‘Stayed home increasingly to find his way among the landscapes of her mind’. This is an outstanding response, Nick and is one which shows your ability to quickly take on board complex ideas and discuss them with clarity. What I especially like about this one, Nick, is persuasive essay, that your written expression is especially mature and sophisticated and apa reference paper, does not contain a hint of sloppiness. I love your discussion of ‘Wondered’ and ‘wandered’ and locke from an essay human understanding, the similarities between them, though with very different implications as far as the meaning of the poem. Apa Reference! This is great!! In lines 3-6, the different types of essays, writer makes the reader feel hurt and anger of the apa reference research paper, first mood and the happiness of the second. Dennis Scott achieves this by awakenings essay contrasting the heat of the “anger” with the cold “cool water”.

The coldness shown towards the poet could also be his wife giving him the cold shoulder. He then goes on paper, the say that there were “stones in her voice”, which could mean that she said many hurtful words to him, probably in an argument. Although, it might also mean that that she has stones in eyes prize awakenings essay, her mouth, not allowing her to convey her feelings because it is the stones in your mouth will impair your ability to speak properly. He conveys the sense of a dark, gloomy place, with the words “lost” and “quarried”. He also says that he could be “lost” in the “walled anger” of her “quarried hurt”. This could mean that she was keeping her anger walled, bottled up, not letting anyone know about and feel even worse. It could also mean that the poet was trapped tall “walls” of her anger, not being able to escape, not knowing why she’s angry.

And that feeling of being trapped, could again lead to the feeling of a sad, dangerous place. The word “laughing”, which would normally lead readers to visualise a happy atmosphere, is research, now changes, being among all the anger and mysteriousness, makes the reader feel like the laughter is actually sarcastic, not the normal laughter when you find humour in different types of essays, something. Lines 7 and 8 are made up of four very short sentences. The effect of these sentences is that it emphasises many of the important ideas that the poet is trying to convey. For example, he says “he charted” in paper, one sentence. Of Essays! Besides saying this in a third person point of view, he expresses that he thought that he had understood, “mapped” her, figured her out, but then, she “made wilderness again”, showing that she did something unexpected, weird, that he did not predict, like the wilderness, where humans do not control it, leading to its unpredictable nature.

In the next sentence, he says that the “roads disappeared”. The word “roads”, paints the picture of an orderly place, with specific routes to guide you. This orderly feeling is now gone, the roads broken, now leading to dead ends, or leading to nowhere, because the poets wife did something totally unanticipated, unforeseen by the poet. As he next says “the map was never true”, it further emphasises the fact that he had thought that he had completely understood her, “mapped” her. Then, she does something that was unanticipated, not on the map, which told him that the map was “never true”, that what he thought of her previously was wrong. The last three lines show a new phase in the relationship. Ironically, instead of journeying, he now ‘stayed home’. This is a new twist in the extended metaphor, together with a change in tone of the poem. He stayed at home in the sense that he decides not to try understand the complex, unpredictable mind of a woman, and instead, accept her for what she is, loving her for what she is.

Although she was “constantly strange”, not easy for apa reference research, him to understand her, he decides to “stay home”, and not go out to try and map her, or try to understand her, because her emotions were different every time, making it impossible to understand and market, predict her. The effect of research paper, wondered as a one word sentence shows that he starts to think of how to accept her for eyes prize awakenings essay, what she is, instead of “wandering” around again, trying to apa reference paper map her. The rhyme in this poem is almost non-existent, except in essay, the lines 11 and research paper, 12, 16 and 17, perhaps signifying the emotions of goblin, her wife, being as dissimilar everytime as the apa reference research, rhymes in the poem. What more can I say, Clarence? This is an exceptional, first-rate response. I am so impressed by your demonstrated ability to select words/phrases and thesis, explore the various implied meanings. I admire the alternatives you offer for ‘stones’ in her mouth, and your written expression when you discuss the ‘road’ and ‘wilderness’. This poem is definitely one to keep in you top half-a-dozen. Well done.

In line 3 to 6, the poet makes the reader feel hurt and paper, anger on the first mood and the happiness of the second. Dennis Scott achieves this by different of essays comparing his wife’s constantly changing mood with ice cold water, the wall of anger, quarry of apa reference research paper, hurt and changing landscape. The poet writes “An hour he could be lost in the walled anger of her quarried hurt,” to show his confusion at the sudden change of persuasive essay conclusion, emotion, trap by her emotion, and doesn’t know what happened or what to do. The use of the apa reference research, word “quarried” gives the reader an goblin, image of a deep, dark, mysterious mine. Apa Reference! It makes the reader feel like the emily thesis, poet’s wife is hiding something from him,as if she has buried her hurt in the ground and is hoping no one finds it. In lines 7 and 8, the poet uses metaphor. He compares his wife’s constantly changing emotion with landscape. The poet also compares his understanding of apa reference, his wife to a map. In this fourth sentence, the poet is saying that he is trying to draw a map of constant changing landscape, but every time he thinks he has completed the map, the landscape will start changing even further.

The truth is, the emily, poet is talking about apa reference research, his wife. Every time he thinks he understand her perfectly, her emotions and eyes, personality will change in the most unexpected way. The poet only apa reference paper, uses four sentences, but he expresses everything he wanted to say in a way that is both complicated and human understanding, deep. The last three lines of the poem shows that the apa reference research, poet is going to take in and get prepare to her changing emotion instead of trying to understand the goblin market, reasons behind it. It also shows that the poet finally understands he can never understand and know his wife perfectly. There is always something new to learn and apa reference research, discover.

Thank you very much for your response Chirantha. It is clear and concise, and really shows that you understand the poem. First, in lines 3 to 4 the writer describes the plight of his wife’s extreme anger describing her rage as walled anger which he could be lost in meaning he is trapped inside with no way out market essay, as he is apa reference paper, stuck in a place where he has to suffer the raging attitude of his wife. In addition, the writer uses the words quarried hurt to liken her ferocious wrath here to a quarry as he is awakenings, stuck in apa reference paper, the deep pit without an escape route. However, he then uses the image of delight and pleasure to essay counter this in line 5 when he expresses the transformation of his wife’s mood into a happy and joyous mood when he sees cool water laughing in research paper, such a harmless and peacefully beautiful tone creating a heartwarming image compared to the previous terrifying one. Meanwhile, the writer explains in line 6 that he still remembers her fit of rage while his wife acts like nothing ever happened and they are happily married. Furthermore, the effect of lines 7 to 8 compound the feeling of confusion concerning his wife’s behavior which is deduced from the from human, previous lines. The short sentences make a huge impact here as the apa reference, writer explains that he attempts to from concerning discover the workings of apa reference paper, his wife’s mind, trying to market predict her actions. He charted or he mapped connotes that he explores her mind as a piece of land but unfortunately when he thinks he has her figured out something unexpected occurs which destroys the basis of his findings as roads dissapeared and the map proved to be false. His task is seen as impossible as he describes it as creating a particular map of a place which always changes,

Finally, Dennis Scott in apa reference paper, the last three lines has a sort of epiphany or resolution by persuasive essay writing conclusion taking hos wife for who she is without complaining or trying to predict her character ever again when he metaphorically decides to apa reference paper stay home instead of like before struggling to no avail to examine her. The writer, Dennis Scott refrains from constant usage of a rhythmic pattern except on new and grew in lines 11 and 12 as well as find and mind on lines 16 and 17. From An Essay Concerning! This is a representation of his wife’s never constant mood which is paper, hard to eyes awakenings essay understand or predict as there is no evident rhyme scheme throughout the poem but only a mysterious rhyming tone on lost, hurt and voice which is not even clear cut but ever confusing like the poem’s subject matter. hey guys, can you please help me out apa reference research, with this poem, i need a simple analysis of different, this poem, i am preparing for my GCSEs and i need help… why don’t you read the research paper, previous comments on this page? they’ve pretty much got all the main points that you’d use to analyse it #128578; hi ummm………………… i would just like to different types know who u think u r chroeachick the way u tell them how good they are is stupid. some questions for you how old are u to give such a high judging that’s my question then only will i put my analysis up for them to see. I am the teacher of some of the student’s work where I have made comments. For your information, they were in grade 9 when they wrote these responses, and I was being encouraging as it was the first time many had written about poetry.

Also, I never intended this blog to function as a webpage, it was really designed as a class blog but has gone on to help others, including you,presumably . Having taught this course for a number of years, and am an igcse examiner, I may just be qualified to paper make some judgments. I wish you all the best in your exams. Regards, Julia. Marrysong is essay writing, a poem written by Dennis Scott describing a turbulent marriage. The poem is written in the third person shows a man who is desperately trying to understand his wife.

However, his wife is research, portrayed as a highly unpredictable, and almost moody woman, who makes the man’s task almost impossible. Throughout the poem, Scott uses geography and landscape as a metaphor for persuasive essay writing conclusion, the marriage and the emotions of the couple. ” year after year that territory, without seasons shifted under his eye” The territory being described here is comparable to the wife and her emotions. The man’s wife is constantly changing, unpredictably. At one moment she may be filled with anger and in pain from her “quarried hurt”, but soon afterwards the man sees “cool waters laughing”. The word quarried might indicated that the hurt is man-made, just as a quarry is made by man. The cool waters are a metaphor for her happiness. Initially the man desperately tries to ‘figure out his wife’ and understand her behavioral patterns. “He charted. She made wilderness again.” But the apa reference paper, man is persuasive writing, unable to completely understand his wife, her mood swings continue to bewilder him. Towards the end of the apa reference, poem, he accepts defeat and eyes prize awakenings essay, embraces her changing nature. He decides to enjoy his “jaunty, helpless journey” .The oxymoron of the words “jaunty” and “helpless” shows that he is research, ready to embrace his marriage, understanding that his wife will be unpredictable.

Nice, succinct analysis. Thank you for your contribution.

Essay Writer for All Kinds of Papers -
Purdue OWL: APA Formatting and Style Guide | Major Paper…

”Midnight’s Children” by Salman Rushdie Essay Sample. Born at the stroke of research midnight on August 15, 1947, the dickinson belonging thesis, day of India’s independence from British rule, Saleem’s life is a microcosm of post-Independent India. The Title of this text, Midnight’s Children, gives the reader a broad idea of what the text is about: It gives the time and apa reference paper where the setting may play off. This text dominates the theme of identity that breaks down colonial constructs of Western dominance over Eastern culture, hence Salman Rushdie position as a prominent Anglo-Indian postcolonial writer. In this paragraph of Midnight’s Children, we are able to see the psychological effects of colonial domination. Belonging! An author is often influenced by his or her historical and cultural context. The text explores the ways in which history is given meaning through the retelling of individual experience “I was born…” History is seen subjectively through the eyes of the protagonist Saleem Sinai, therefore the retelling of apa reference research paper history is different of essays fragmented and, at times, erroneous.

For Saleem, born at apa reference research paper, the instance of India’s independence from Britain, life becomes inextricably linked with the political, national, and religious events of his time; his life parallels that of postcolonial India. By paralleling Saleem’s life with the events following India’s independence, Rushdie ties the identity of the postcolonial country directly to the individuals that are products of it. In this text Rushdie`s main character states about the time of his birth that he “was left entirely without a say in the matter” yet only a few make an input in history, have the ability to manipulate or change the course of History. Anglo-Indian relationships worked as an immense moveable force affecting all the Indians` live; they also gave rise of great figures such as Gandhi, who taught his people to stick to their own roots and values. Salman writes this paragraph on a casual and relaxed way “No, that won’t do,” the reader then feels intricate towards the writer and lightened. One of Rushdie’s many attractive qualities as a writer is his clever use of humorous images and metaphors to different types of essays, describe and research discuss incredibly controversial and painful issues “Snotnose… – at the best of times a dangerous sort of involvement. And I couldn’t even wipe my own nose at the time.” Midnight`s Children is a complex novel narrating the story of Saleem Sinai, an Indian who is born at the stroke of midnight on August 15th 1947, at the precise time of India`s independence. The time of Saleem`s birth connects him closely with his country, making him “mysteriously handcuffed to history” with his “destinies indissolubly chained to those of [his] country.”. In Rushdie`s novel the eyes awakenings essay, development of India as an independent and therefore ‘new’ country is compared to the development of a new-born baby, Saleem Sinai.

The reader is convinced that what happens to India is heavily influenced by Saleem’s birth and therefore that Saleem has a major impact on India`s development. The story is told retrospectively by paper grown-up Saleem, who writes a piece of his life-story Depicting the major historical event of different types Indian history, this paragraph in Midnight`s Children can be recognized as a historical proofread. Yet, it combines the features of realism with a historical fact, and so it could be read as either fantasy or a history piece. Being a fiction, this text cannot be seen as a standard text on apa reference research history, because it is narrated from an Indian point of view and although the author tries to remain objective, he cannot completely avoid his subjective opinions and of essays feelings. Rushdie’s writing style questions the existence of apa reference research a single, correct way of prize essay using the English language. As a typical representative of the post-colonial literature, Midnight`s Children is written in English. Yet being an Indian author, about the Indian past, the choice of language is very unusual. One might suppose that it would be written in Hindi, Urdu or some other vernacular language of paper India and not in English.

The fact, that Midnight`s Children is written in English manifests that the imperialism left an inerasable trace in the Indian history, both cultural and political. In India, Standard English still functions as a medium, a language that everyone can understand, and as a language that is closely connected with power and the upper-class. Although in the English language the occurrence of eyes prize compound nouns is a common phenomenon and the compounds are used quite frequently in order to avoid inconsistence and ambiguity, Rushdie uses compound nouns as a substitution for clauses “Piece-of-the-Moon”. Rushdie’s distinctive style of writing is here evident. It is apa reference research hard to say to which degree this style is a ‘product’ of post-colonial experience and therefore a desire for a slight difference in the colonizer`s language in order to show that the Indian texts and types of essays the English ones are not the same although written in the ‘same’ language, or whether it is paper purely the author`s way of types writing and playing with the apa reference research paper, language. This text from locke understanding, Midnight’s Children is fragmented, making frequent and abrupt transitions of place, time, and character. Far from being a careless mistake of the author, the research paper, fragmentation in this text serves vital psychological functions, reflecting the divisive experiences of colonialism and prize awakenings post-colonialism. The extreme fragmentation may cause difficulty for the reader, thrusting him or her into paper the same feeling state experienced by exiles and the characters Rushdie portrays. B. Persuasive Prose. “Dulcia Vitality” by L’oreal. Advertisements have been undeniably powerful and most effective medium of locke information transfers throughout the world.

The effectiveness of the advertisements is apa reference paper not limited to information transfer but also it serves as one of the persuasive conclusion, powerful weapons to influence and persuade readers to the ideology brought along behind the outstanding presentation of the advertisements. The brand name takes up about 15% of the advert, which highlights its importance. ‘L’OREAL’ is written in apa reference paper, large bold, block letters so as to familiarize the customer with the brand name immediately. The use of an essay colors, fonts, different shades and powerful vocabulary in both adverts, all put weight onto the persuasion on the customer to buy the merchandise. Apa Reference Research Paper! The brand is always clearly presented and goblin market important information is always bought to the reader and so this is why I came to believe that both adverts are successful in advertising and research paper selling their products to their own specific target groups with the use of various different techniques. The use of the second-person personal and possessive pronouns such as ‘you’ and dickinson belonging thesis ‘yours’ seek to address the readers directly and apa reference paper personally. When people are addresses individually rather than as part of goblin mass audience it is considered highly valued. This handling of people on an individual basis is referred as ‘synthetic personalization’ By using questions and imperatives the research paper, advertisers are trying to essay advice, establish a closer relationship with the readers.

Such informality can signify equality between advertisers and readers. Apa Reference Paper! Another type of strategy to simulate conversational style is the use of disjunctive syntax, that is, sentences without verbs or subjects. These sentences consist of emily dickinson belonging thesis one or two grammatical items only research In terms of prize awakenings essay formality, most of vocabulary in the advertisements comprises a mixture of apa reference paper formal and informal words. Another important means to essay writing conclusion, express ideological meanings in text is grammar. The types of verbs used, tenses, active or passive sentences, parallelism, pronouns, modality, nominalizations have an important function in representing ‘reality’. There are repetitions through synonyms or near synonyms and apa reference research paper parallelism which intensify meaning of the advertisements. For example, in this study synonyms such as ‘restore’ and ‘rejuvenate’.

Parallelism which is repeated use of similar grammatical structures is another device in different types, the advertisement The sentences in the advertisements are simple and declarative type. The tenses used are mainly present tense. There are also future tenses where suggestions or recommendations are given on the benefits of apa reference research using the product. In addition most of the sentences in the discourse are active sentences. However, passive voice is also used in the advertisements as shown below: Advertisers also use technical and scientific sounding words to different of essays, attract readers. By using such words they hope to reflect an image of professionalism and advancement in technology. In order to impress the consumers, advertisers resort to scientific words and information to create an impression that they are up-to-date with technology. The main audience of the beauty products advertised are women. The advertisers manipulate women by giving facts about their beauty products. For example, “The Body Shop is known for paper using natural ingredients”.

Based on the data analysis of the advertisements, it can be concluded that advertisers use various linguistic devices such as direct address, positive vocabulary, headlines, and catchy slogans to attract women. In addition, the vocabulary used in the beauty product advertisements in this study are ideologically contested. Such vocabulary carries certain ideology of what constitutes beauty such as having less wrinkles or ‘free wrinkles’ eyes or lips that are ‘plumped’ or eye lashes that are double in length or thicker. The advertisements portray what a beautiful women as one with certain features such as long lashes, no wrinkles around the eyes, lips that shine and so on. Advertisements that appear in magazines show how one should look in order to be acceptable as part of this ideal woman.

Use of direct address or pronoun “you” carry certain message that the customer is of utmost importance. Thus consumers can be influenced directly towards the essay, product. Research! Intertextuality also occurs in advertising when advertisers use words from other discourses to attract readers such as words from science. Hence another way to attract customers is the emily, use of apa reference research paper technical words. Technical words in advertisements helps convince the reader that the product is of value. The technical vocabulary reflects expertise which is the source of power. Furthermore, the use of essay to youth scientific information in the beauty product advertisements reflects authority. the scientific information or words can be a way to convey expertise, which in other words reflect power. As promised by beauty advertising, women need to appear beautiful. The terminology beautiful as lies figuratively in this phrase, “beauty is in the eye of the beholder” has been widely used and accepted. Research Paper! In fact, it is true that beauty can only be described depend upon the individual’s perspective and world view. Obviously, it is very much depending on the exposure of the viewer towards the concept of from beauty promoted by the surrounding in which it is referred to the society.

“Global warming is bubbling under“a news article from Global Warming is the increase of Earth’s average surface temperature due to effect of greenhouse gases, such as carbon dioxide emissions from burning fossil fuels or from deforestation, which trap heat that would otherwise escape from Earth. This is a type of greenhouse effect. But during scientific research people might think that global warming has stopped. Apa Reference Research Paper! This article reminds the audience that that is not entirely true. This article would be recognized to catch national audiences. This issue “Global warming” is affecting the whole world and would not only advice to youth be seen to target local audiences. Even though this issue – Global warming, would affect the whole nation, this report would interest local communities. The headline is apa reference research prominent and bold.

The first two words “Global warming” introduces the main idea of the article and the reader immediately knows what the text is about. The next three words “is bubbling under” directly connects with the sentence “More heat means more energy being pushed into the ocean” but in eyes awakenings essay, implies to the idea that everyone may think global warming has paused – this gives special character to the content. The lead of the article gives the reader a broad introduction of what the content contains. “Climate-change sceptics would have you think…” the use of the research, word “you” draws the market essay, reader closer and catches more attention. The lead gives the reader the apa reference research, sense of the story to follow. Is this the eyes prize awakenings, perfect essay for you? Save time and order ”Midnight’s Children” by Salman Rushdie. essay editing for only $13.9 per page. Top grades and quality guaranteed!

Relevant essay suggestions for ”Midnight’s Children” by Salman Rushdie. Ideally,advertising should be aimed at making people aware of the goods available in the market.It is for the benefits of consumers by informing them of research paper new products,sales and special offers…. Support Children’s Speech, language #038; Communication. SPEECH Is the vocalised sounds made by a human of their learned language, to communicate to others. Essay Writing! LANGUAGE can be spoken, written or signed with hand communication skills. Each different… List of research topic. 1. Research Paper! Words taken from Hindi This link gives some of the words but we may have to go through the entire oxford dictionary to get the real picture or to… English is the language that you can’t ignore in a modern world. It is linked every where to persuasive conclusion, business education and communication and other various things. The English language is…

Television Is Good for Young Children. Our topic was “Is Television good for young children” Obviously I say yes its good for apa reference research paper young children. Television helps to develop the young children’s mental health. Nowadays television is… Language Development In Children.

1. Reflection Observing children language can be very interesting, as what could be more exciting than hearing a child imitating and behaving very similar to the people around him. According…

Write my Paper for Cheap in High Quality -
Page Paper Reference Research — 686305 | Сайт о GTA V |…

2017 MBA Essay Questions: Duke Fuqua. 2017 Duke Fuqua Full-Time MBA Essay Questions Class of apa reference research 2020. They#8217;re keeping the questions the same again which is kinda good, since they#8217;re decent questions, but it#8217;s kinda disappointing, given how all the essay other schools are working so hard to innovate. It could be said that Duke was an early adopter of the more innovative form of bschool essay, with their 25 Random Things list, and we do concede that that#8217;s a great question which applicants tend to have fun with, and which can reveal a lot about a person. But#8230;. keeping the status quo is research kinda communicating that Duke is fine with how things are going, and it just seems like they#8217;re a little bit stalled out and types of essays stagnant right now.

Granted, they hit #3 on the BusinessWeek rankings in 2016, so who is the #8216;Snark to say? Anyway, here are those questions that you#8217;ll be tackling: Three short-answer questions of up to 500 characters each (please note we said CHARACTERS and not WORDS yes these need to be SHORT): What are your short-term goals, post-MBA? What are your long-term goals? Life is research full of uncertainties, and plans and circumstances can change. Emily! As a result, navigating a career requires you to be adaptable. Should the short-term goals that you provided above not materialize what alternative directions have you considered? Duke is pretty much the apa reference research paper only school that invites you to present a #8220;Plan B#8221; for your career goals. For most other applications you#8217;ll want to focus on just one set of persuasive goals.

Two essays; we recommend not going more than perhaps 750 words at the most for apa reference paper, each. Please please please don#8217;t go down to 10-point font even though they say that you can. See the full set of requirements around essay length and formatting and the questions in their entirety as posted on the Duke application website . [A very involved preamble, then:] [T]he Admissions Committee also wants to get to know you—beyond the dickinson professional and academic achievements listed in your resume and apa reference transcript. You can share with us important life experiences, your likes/dislikes, hobbies, achievements, fun facts, or anything that helps us understand what makes you who you are. Share with us your list of #8220;25 Random Things#8221; about YOU. [Another preamble about Fuqua, then:] Based on your understanding of the Fuqua culture, how do you see yourself engaging in goblin market, and contributing to our community, outside of the research classroom? That second question is quite similar to what Wharton is asking, and it#8217;s also got a lot of parallels with Columbia essay 2 as well as with the emily dickinson thesis MIT pre-interview #8220;mission#8221; essay. Duke was the first to start with this type of paper question, so you can see how they#8217;ve put an emphasis on culture for a long time. Our Duke 2017 MBA Application Guide is locke an essay human ready to help you #8212; it covers everything that this school likes to see in an application!

Duke Daytime MBA Deadlines Class of 2020. Apa Reference Paper! Remember, regardless of which round you intend to apply in you can get on thesis campus from September 11 to October 5 to take advantage of their Open Interview period #8212; which is highly recommended!! Early Action (binding): September 12, 2017 Round 1: October 10, 2017 Round 2: January 3, 2018 (ouch that hurts this one is apa reference IMMEDIATELY after the holiday the only one worse is persuasive essay Ross) As with other schools, we don#8217;t suggest apply in Round 3 at Duke and in fact, if you#8217;re an international applicant, they won#8217;t let you due to apa reference research paper, visa issues. That being said: In recent years, Duke said they were still accepting applications even after their Round 3 deadline had passed. Which is weird, and, we feel, not entirely fair.

It#8217;s pretty darned difficult to persuasive essay conclusion, get in apa reference paper, then. Were they really trying to say that they didn#8217;t have enough good candidates for their class at that late date? When every other school out there was turning away well-qualified applicants right and left all season? Hmmm. EssaySnark is not a fan of this. Check out the Duke Essay Guide for 2017 to learn more on rounds, interviewing, and multi-school strategies including Duke Fuqua! Duke has two phases of persuasive conclusion interviews: the Open Interview Period when anybody can come to campus and interview at will; and the By-Invitation Interview Period. EssaySnark strongly recommends that everyone go through the Open Interview; it#8217;s a huge opportunity and if you#8217;re serious about Fuqua you won#8217;t miss out on it! This year#8217;s Open Interview Period is September 7 to October 5, 2017; see details at Duke#8217;s Interview Process page . You do not need to apa reference research, apply in the Early Action round in order to types of essays, take advantage of the Open Interview; applicants planning on submitting at any time may do so.

You really should consider it. Research Paper! Duke Student Blog this used to understanding, be an dedicated admissions blog but now it#8217;s just a topic of posts on the student blog. It still has some useful info for BSers so we#8217;ll leave the link. Hmmm#8230; Not much there huh? Duke just isn#8217;t the research most social media savvy school we#8217;ve ever encountered. We#8217;ve reviewed a number of to youth Duke essays on the blahg: The Duke adcom looks for the same strong career goals and personal angles as Ross and other schools, so check these reviews out for some additional guidance: In terms of the Fuqua Principles, you might want to peruse some posts we#8217;ve written about Berkeley: Haas and culture and A BSer is research paper sick of the essay to youth #8220;culture#8221; shtick.

For Reference: Duke#8217;s Past-Season MBA Essays Analysis. We don#8217;t have every year listed out research separately here since Duke has kept nearly the same essays and requirements for essay, many years running. Click to view 2016 info. Duke used pretty much the same questions, as they have been doing for many years now. In 2016, they cleaned up the #8220;culture/contribution#8221; prompt which made it easier to tackle for Class of 2019 applicants compared to what previous crops of apa reference research BSers had to deal with. We#8217;ve done lots of posts on different types the Duke essays over research paper the years, so that#8217;s an advantage, too!

2016 Early Action and Open Interviews. The most important thing to know about awakenings Duke right now? That they offer OPEN INTERVIEWS on campus in apa reference, late summer, for emily belonging, a rather short window of time. It#8217;s HIGHLY RECOMMENDED that everyone regardless of which application round you#8217;re aiming for paper, makes plans for a trip out to Durham for locke an essay understanding, this opportunity. Research Paper! We discuss the reasons why in our Duke app guide. Different Of Essays! Duke Early Action is binding, however they have a standard Round 1 that follows only a few weeks later. If you#8217;re not fully convinced that Fuqua is the place for you, then stick with Round 1 but if you are ready to commit, then Early Action can be a real advantage. [end discussion of early-season 2016 info] Click to view 2015 questions. Last year#8217;s questions (these are old) Excellent. Duke has kept its same questions for apa reference research paper, 2015 except that they#8217;re giving you more space in the important Career Goals short-answer questions.

YAY DUKE!! Our Fuqua strategy guidecovers everything you need to know on essay tackling these questions and the essays. Three short-answer questions just 250 characters each #8212; NOW 500 CHARACTERS EACH! THAT#8217;S HUGE! You#8217;ll be able to actually pitch a complete career path now. What are your short-term goals, post-MBA? What are your long-term goals? Life is full of uncertainties, and plans and apa reference circumstances can change. As a result, navigating a career requires you to be adaptable.

Should the short-term goals that you provided above not materialize what alternative directions have you considered? Two essays, up to two double-spaced pages each: [T]he Admissions Committee also wants to get to know you—beyond the professional and academic achievements listed in your resume and transcript. Types Of Essays! You can share with us important life experiences, your likes/dislikes, hobbies, achievements, fun facts, or anything that helps us understand what makes you who you are. Apa Reference Research! Share with us your list of #8220;25 Random Things#8221; about YOU. Choose one: When asked by your family, friends, and colleagues why you want to dickinson thesis, go to apa reference, Duke, what do you tell them? Share the reasons that are most meaningful to locke from concerning human understanding, you. [A very involved question asking you to understand the apa reference research paper 6 Fuqua Values and then:] At the emily belonging end of apa reference paper your 2 years at Fuqua, if you were to receive an award for market essay, exemplifying one of the apa reference paper 6 Principles listed below, which one would it be and why? Your response should reflect your knowledge of Fuqua and the Daytime MBA program and experience, and the types of activities and leadership you would engage in as a Fuqua student. Very minor changes to different of essays, the wording of that option #2 question: They deleted the research phrase #8220;should reflect the research you have done.#8221; Hmmm. Dickinson! Interesting, Duke! For the career goals, Duke is pretty much the only school that invites you to present a #8220;Plan B.#8221; For most other applications you#8217;ll want to stick with just ONE set of apa reference goals.

It#8217;s tough enough to convey those in locke from an essay human understanding, the limited space the schools allow!! At least now, Duke has recognized that their requirements were a little overly restrictive before. You have a fighting chance this year, Brave Supplicant! You#8217;re applying at like the best time ever. #128521; Also, that second question sure does have traces of research paper Berkeley-Haas lingering around it! Unsurprising. Both of these schools have a distinct focus on culture, and both want you to understand what that culture is persuasive writing about before applying.

The risk with the apa reference research paper second option for essay 2? You could come across a little stilted if you try too hard. Check out the conclusion Duke Essay Guide to learn more. Research! Early Action (binding): September 15, 2015 (two days earlier than 2014) Round 1: October 14, 2015 (almost a week earlier than last year) Round 2: January 5, 2016 (same day as last season) Even though Round 3 is closed, they#8217;re accepting apps on a rolling basis until April 25 (with decision coming on persuasive May 6 are they saying that they would really be able to research paper, admit you in that little time. we don#8217;t suggest trying now) [end discussion of Fuqua#8217;s last year questions] Click to view 2014 questions. Duke won our informal Best MBA Questions contest for an essay concerning, two years in a row (2012 and 2013) their essay questions are awesome! We#8217;ve therefore been thrilled that they#8217;ve kept them exactly as they are for research paper, so long including this year! They keep resisting the urge to advice, make changes just because all the other schools are changing. Bravo, Fuqua! #128512; [end discussion of Duke#8217;s 2014 application] We#8217;ve got the 2016 SnarkStrategies Guide for paper, Duke available to help you craft a strong strategy for this great school!

2017 MBA Application Strategy Guides. The 2017 Darden MBA Application Guide - rewritten almost from scratch to help you with the 2017 app! The 2017 Michigan Ross Essay Guide - totally new to help you with the nine short-answer options and your career goals! The 2017 MIT Essay Guide with brand-new material on the cover letter and the 'introduce yourself' video. The 2017 Duke Essay Guide - covers the 25 Random Things essay and all the rest too! The 2017 Harvard MBA Application Guide - refreshed with new details and eyes prize awakenings essay strategies for your Class of 2020 app. Brave Supplicants' latest reviews on apa reference research The 'Snark. I think that the reviewer raised a lot of good points, but a) three pages of emily dickinson belonging feedback on a 250 word . As a re-applicant, I knew I needed considerable improvement to my pitch in research, order to maximize my . What were we snarking about at this time in past years? 2016 : ($) If you get fired, do you need to tell the adcom?

2016 : Good luck for HBS applicants! 2014 : Did you just discover EssaySnark? 2013 : Success Story! A Journey to of essays, the Center of America: A Saga (Part 2: The First Year) 2013 : More on research paper visiting schools 2012 : ($) What about essay a lower-ranked program? (No, lower than that) 2012 : ($) Duke's main essay: What do you tell your family, friends, and colleagues? 2011 : essay critique: Columbia essay 2 life experience 2011 : Battle of the apa reference research Blogs! 2010 : It's cruel to be kind. EssaySnark® is a registered trademark.

All content copyright 2010-2017 Snarkolicious Press · Privacy Policy.

Order Essay from Experienced Writers with Ease -
Purdue OWL: APA Formatting and Style Guide | Major Paper…

essay on research, coriolanus S teven Berkoff caius marcius berkoff. Laughter, Gender, and Death in Steven Berkoff#146;s Coriolanus. Copyright © 2002 Ken Lauter. [Henry Irving] ran his theatre like a warrior. Steven Berkoff#146;s production of Shakepeare#146;s Coriolanus was the most penetrating rendering of a human soul I#146;ve ever seen on essay to youth, a stage. Designed, directed by, and starring Berkoff, it was stylized, spare, athletic, rich in mime and research ensemble choreography, joyfully anti-naturalistic? and evidently influenced by everything from persuasive essay conclusion, Brecht to Japanese kabuki [02] . But beyond the elegant stage design [03] , superb supporting cast, and fine music, the paper, real force of the play was generated by essay, the organizing energy and dramatic presence of paper, Berkoff himself? in essay, a persona he has wryly labeled #147;the Berkoff beast.#148;

That persona is apa reference paper, impossible to convey fully in words alone, but we can approach it by focusing on essay to youth, his rendering of one of Shakespeare#146;s most troubling and eccentric characters. Berkoff#146;s vision of the Roman hero and traitor was grandly idiosyncratic. Here was a new Coriolanus? as a strutting, macho, campy yet thoroughly menacing Mussolini. Research Paper? Here was a man who? in spite of thesis, immense ego, martial ruthlessness, abject (and even at times comical) submission to his mother? came across, finally, as a man of apa reference, integrity and (surprisingly) real tenderness. Both Shakespeare and Berkoff know that Coriolanus would not and could not be politic.

He was a warrior? and nothing but a warrior. The ultimate question the play addresses, then, is from understanding, clear enough: what does being a warrior mean? And why has Berkoff been so fascinated by Coriolanus virtually throughout his career? [04] 1. The Berkovian Warrior. For Berkoff, such questions are synonymous with asking what it means to be a man ? one living now, in apa reference paper, a world of nuclear weapons (and disintegrating nuclear families), feminism, post-cold-war politics, and different types of essays modernist/deconstructionist aesthetics. Apa Reference? Berkoff suggests that someone who fights to maintain his personal integrity, honor and courage is still living #147;like a warrior.#148; The like, however , is crucial. If you take the term warrior too literally, Berkoff#146;s work will seem crude and anachronistic; if you don#146;t take it as a measure of locke from concerning human understanding, real things in the real world, you trivialize him. In Berkoff, the warrior is both real and symbolic, material and spiritual, martial and psychological. And living like one is research, neither simple nor easy. Historically, of course, being a warrior has entailed standards of discipline, skill, loyalty, self sacrifice, and different types physical courage? all of which Berkoff affirms, not only in this production but also in apa reference research, the dramatized memoirs of his own mean-streets youth, East (1977) and West (1985). In the former, which he subtitles #147;Elegy for different types the East End / and paper its energetic waste,#148; Berkoff remembers: #147;you would fight to the death to defend that particular lifestyle that was your own.#148; [05] And of human, #147;schtarker#148; hero Mike in West, Berkoff says: #147;Mike#146;s truth is to paper, live for simple principles and to put his courage where his mouth is.

He defeats the belonging, Huxton monster [a gang leader] and will continue to fight monsters so that others can rest safe in their beds.#148; Coriolanus fights the Volcian #147;monster#148; Aufidius in much the same spirit. Yet Berkoff recognizes that the tradition of martial valor has become obsolete and sentimental as a gauge of modern warfare [06] . And in paper, spite of stage stylistics that are often extraordinarily athletic and a tendency for his ensemble to goblin, resemble a street gang, Berkoff is paper, never muddled in this theme? he#146;s neither war-monger nor macho sports fanatic. Locke Human? In his autobiography and elsewhere, he repeatedly expresses a revulsion for war [07] ? often vis-a-vis Britain#146;s invasion of the Falkland Islands [08] ? as well as an unmitigated contempt for pub-haunting soccer thugs. It is certainly true that Berkoff productions are often marked by extreme violence, terror, and images of paper, war. Yet when examined closely, these elements are as polemically #147;anti-war#148; as the poetry of Wilfred Owen. Berkoff sees the mother-son reconciliation scene in Coriolanus as #147;one of the great anti-war scenes in drama.#148; [09] In fact, what he does in this play is to transform #147;the warrior#148; into a metaphor for dickinson the state of the soul? and one of his subtexts is precisely Owen#146;s notion that the Roman adage dulce et decorum est pro apa reference research paper patria mori [10] is essay, a vicious deception, #147;the old lie.#148; Ironically, Berkoff exposes this lie by presenting us with a character who will not, who cannot, see it as such. Just how important to Berkoff, then, is the concept of the warrior code? As noted in research, the epigram to this essay, Berkoff sees the great Nineteenth Century actor and producer Henry Irving as a kind of warrior.

Berkoff also calls Hamlet #147;a moral warrior,#148; and #147;a strong virile human being. Essay Writing Conclusion? a soldier philosopher,#148; while finding #147;male bonding#148; between Hamlet and Horatio comparable to that between Coriolanus and his men. [11] With such intriguing clues in mind, I suggest that in Coriolanus Berkoff continues his pursuit of the theme of genuine maleness, grappling with the apa reference research, idea that for men as men, the fullest possible (and perhaps only emily dickinson belonging, honorable) life can come only by serving a demanding #147;warrior code,#148; a life without compromise or self-betrayal. But betrayal is, in fact, at the heart of paper, Shakespeare#146;s play. It is scrutinized in essay writing conclusion, Coriolanus with great intensity, almost to the point of ferocity? and is shown to pose a greater danger to the protagonist than the perils of war. Those he is trained for, those he accepts as part of his profession; but in matters of betrayal, this Roman warrior is a rank amateur? or more precisely, as I show later, a boy. The classical view of the play? that Coriolanus is a tragic hero who falls because of an inner flaw in his character? is, if not entirely discarded, radically revised by paper, Berkoff. He recognizes that this Roman bull is a great dramatic challenge? a cold, sneering, #147;politically incorrect,#148; narrow-minded aristocrat. Wyndham Lewis calls him #147;the incarnation of violent snobbery.#148; [12] This actually gets it backwards, since Coriolanus worships merit, not class, but it catches the tone of the different types, character pretty well. He certainly is, as D.A. Traversi says: #147;possibly the most disconcerting and incongruous of all Shakespeare#146;s heroes.#148; [13]

Rather than ignore such defects, Berkoff actually heightens and revels in them? or rather, plows right through them. Instead of apa reference, a conventionally noble hero with the aristocratic demeanor of, say, Laurence Olivier, Berkoff paints Coriolanus as a naked, homogeneous self, like a child or a saint? one who is also a loud, arrogant soldier. Lewis actually calls him #147;a cruel and essay stupid child,#148; one whose mother has #147;coached and formed him into paper the madman he is.#148; [14] This is reductive but, again, not far off the mark? and Coriolanus#146;s ferocious tantrums and petulance are played over the top by Berkoff to great effect. But children and madmen cannot ultimately sustain great drama? so what redeems Coriolanus, what gives him texture and emily dickinson belonging interest, not to mention moral authority? That is the paradox of Berkoff#146;s production. First, Coriolanus is never dissembling, never Machiavellian. The very idea of hypocritical or self-serving speech outrages and confuses him.

He hates making speeches of any kind (particularly to those he has contempt for): #147;He would not flatter Neptune for his trident / Or Jove for#146;s power to thunder.#148; (III, i) In Coriolanus#146;s code, the only life for a true Roman is the challenge of total self-sacrifice, to defend the state from research, its enemies, to locke an essay concerning understanding, fight to the death. For Coriolanus, the warrior motto of dulce et decorum est is not a lie? it is a living truth. Better a noble death than a cowardly life, always. Berkoff wants us to seriously consider the possibility that Coriolanus is apa reference, noble? not by family name or good manners or political astuteness, but by his unflinching posture as a warrior. He says of his arch enemy Aufidius, #147;I sin in envying his nobility.#148; For this Roman general, conforming to the warrior#146;s code is writing conclusion, nothing less than a kind of apa reference paper, spiritual aspiration. Moreover, for him, Rome is its martial nobility? and if not that, nothing. Awakenings Essay? Those who don#146;t measure up to this standard are parasites, enemies of the state.

He loathes the lower classes, thinks them unworthy of apa reference, a civic voice, and would even let them starve for their cowardice in battle. So when his own standing as a Roman is finally subverted by the Machiavellian tribunes [15] , Rome itself becomes #147;the enemy#148;? and Coriolanus can join his old enemies freely and #147;untraitorously#148; (in his own eyes) because the Volcians are still warriors. They have not betrayed the warrior#146;s high calling. Once with the Volcians, Coriolanus certainly wants revenge on Rome, but we feel it is at least in of essays, part a just revenge. Berkoff therefore wins us over to him almost against our will? not totally perhaps, but very strongly. [16] Whatever else we may think of Coriolanus, it is perfectly clear that the knavish tribunes are right about him in apa reference research, one thing: he is types of essays, not fit for political leadership, except possibly as a dictator (hence the research paper, Mussolini costume) [17] . Everyone can see he is too egotistical, inflexible, or childish for emily office, but that is superficial. Berkoff#146;s daring performance convinces us that Coriolanus is apa reference paper, unfit for politics precisely because he is essay, too noble? if by noble we mean a man who is totally absorbed by his role . #147;Let me play/the man I am#148; is Coriolanus#146;s anthem. That is, let me be a soldier, a fighter, a killer if need be? but honor me for doing it by never asking me to paper, curry favor from cowards or hypocrites for political gain. And yet this is the man whose friends and family are relentlessly, insidiously urging him into eyes awakenings essay political life! In the apa reference research paper, end, Coriolanus is different types of essays, betrayed, not by his flaws but by research paper, his virtues (#147;Rights by rights founder, strengths by strengths do fail,#148; IV, vii), and not by his old enemy Tullus Aufidius, but by his #147;friends#148;? his mother, his wife, his fellow warrior Cominius, his old friend and mentor Menenius, the tribunes, and the gullible, abused plebeians? in short, by virtually the entire Roman state. Such a sense of betrayal is a terribly exasperating vision for today#146;s liberal, democratic, submissive, corporate citizen and casual theatre goer.

And worse, it might easily slide into a vision of macho martyrdom. The only thing that prevents that from different types, happening is laughter. 2. Berkovian Laughter. This production was full of the raw, audacious farce that Berkoff is so expert at? and which evoked salty laughter almost from beginning to end. The laughter comes in many forms, some of which are Shakespeare#146;s usual pit-pleasing puns and gambols, others the brilliant physical comedy of mime and choreography. But the main thrust of the laughter, I submit, lies in the self-parody that Berkoff constructs around the very virtues he is celebrating? the prowess, honesty, crudeness, and even the terror of warriors. Coriolanus may be a hellion, Berkoff asserts, but that doesn#146;t mean he can#146;t be riotously funny? mostly at his own expense. This view of the character has no basis in Shakespeare. His depiction of Coriolanus is research paper, a much more constrained, crisp, somber (and boring!) Roman than we saw on stage at prize essay, the Mermaid. Shakespeare was no doubt fascinated by the man, a killing machine whose mother was clearly the source of his tiger-like ferocity; and there is also in the text a sense that Coriolanus was wronged by research paper, his fellow citizens and essay advice to youth that they deserved some measure of the wrath he finally turns on them.

Still, I don#146;t think Shakespeare liked Coriolanus or wanted him to apa reference paper, be liked. Essay? He is, in Shakespeare, more of a force of nature than a man, a foil to his own lost humanity and dissolved loyalty to research paper, his nation. Advice? We need to remember that in Elizabethan England being a traitor was a matter of almost obscene perfidy. But Steven Berkoff likes Coriolanus? and wants us to research paper, like him. The miracle of the essay, production is that this ambition is realized? even though we also fear Coriolanus and laugh both with and at him. Again, we like him primarily because, to apa reference paper, adapt what Iago says (falsely) about himself, Coriolanus #147;is what he is#148;? a kick-ass soldier, a patriot, a good son, a hard, brave man who won#146;t suffer fools or cowards lightly. Such a combination is nearly impossible to resist on stage (at least in the laughter-rich character which Berkoff created). The laughter redeems his crudity.

It almost redeems his cruelty. It humanizes him, and finally, gives us the secret of his soul, illuminating Berkoff#146;s vision of what it means for a man to live like a warrior. What we see, ultimately, is that real warriors can laugh at an essay understanding, themselves? even unto death. [18] Berkoff#146;s self-parodic laughter begins in the very first scene and apa reference research paper flavors the rest of the play. When Coriolanus gets the news that the Volcians are making war, he is openly delighted? because it offers him the chance to fight the mighty Tullus Aufidius once again. #147;He is the lion/ I am proud to hunt,#148; (I,i) boasts Rome#146;s champion? with a fat grin. Shakespeare#146;s stately rhetoric of aristocratic honor in combat was totally undermined by Berkoff#146;s delivery of the essay writing, Volcian general#146;s name. Between the #147;Tullus#148; and #147;Aufidius,#148; Berkoff emitted a ringing wolf howl, accompanied by a limp-wristed shaking of his fingers. It was one of the apa reference research paper, most startling pieces of pure comedy in the production (and one that would be echoed later in a subtle and ironic way). Berkovian laughter is most often generated, however, by Coriolanus#146;s vituperative outbursts [19]. They are passionate, impolitic, and hysterically funny. Even his great renunciation scene, ending with the triumphant rejoinder to those who have just expelled him from his beloved Rome, was played for a laugh by types, Berkoff.

This famous speech begins with concentrated loathing (#147;You common cry [pack] of curs, whose breath I hate / As reek o#146;th#146; rotten fens, whose love I prize / As the paper, dead carcasses of unburied men#148;? III, iii). But Berkoff ended it with an ear-splitting, hyper-paused #147;I. BANISH. From Concerning Human Understanding? YOU!#148; This put the rest of the ensemble on their heels, their eyes dazed full moons. It was hilarious and fearsome at the same time? something only an research actor with Berkoff#146;s brazen presence (and powerful lungs) could pull off. It#146;s a mistake, though, to market essay, consider these outbursts merely childish. They are rash, petulant and morally disgusting at apa reference research paper, times (the citizens of Rome may have bad breath, but they also have legitimate, heart-breaking grievances, which Coriolanus spurns simply because they are not as brave as he is) [20] . But it is market essay, love, honor, and pride that animate the general#146;s outbursts. And more importantly from a dramatic point of view, although his verbal explosions finally cost him his life, they were absolutely thrilling to see? which tells us how badly we crave making them ourselves. Apa Reference? Those who can consistently live this way are (or so we dream) outrageously, unfathomably heroic? even when they are funny, and concerning human understanding even in an age as cynical and despairing as ours.

Berkoff writes: I always like characters who are much larger than life and believe these are the apa reference, people the audience craves, that they may gain hope and energy from their example to us. Audiences don#146;t want creatures who are the emily belonging thesis, mirror of their own ghastliness and pettiness. Apa Reference? [21] Berkoff#146;s Coriolanus was pretty ghastly himself at times (e.g., when he cooly twisted an arrow out writing conclusion of the throat of an apa reference research enemy soldier)? but he was never petty, and he radiated energy and hope right up to his dying breath (which Berkoff mimed brilliantly? for once with absolutely no laughter impinging on the scene, as I show later). It also should be noted that? in spite of the fact that its Coriolanus was definitely a #147;gangsta#148; general? this production was kept free of even a grain of fascist chic or the worship of violence.

This was accomplished, among other ways, by essay to youth, one of the brilliant pieces of apa reference research, mime in the production? a slow-motion epiphany in different of essays, blue light of Roman and Volcian soldiers methodically murdering one another with knives, swords, spears, and garrote cords? always ambushed from behind, blind-sided, a kind of danse macabre, war as serial-assassination. This haunting, almost unbearable sequence (all Berkoff, of course, not Shakespeare) was as devastating an paper #147;anti-war#148; statement as it could be? quite a trick in a play whose protagonist was made so strangely endearing and grand precisely because he#146;s both a Rambo-like fighter and an impious comedian [22] . In any case, it#146;s absolutely clear that Berkoff was not engaging in any Nietzschean fantasies of the warrior as Obermann? the play#146;s insistent, raucous laughter is one guarantee of this. Eyes Awakenings? Another guarantee was the production#146;s unique dramatization of gender. 3. Research Paper? Berkovian Gender-Bending. Gender images and inversions of them were perhaps the goblin essay, most important, original element in apa reference paper, the production. This is locke an essay concerning human, a subtle thing to convey. If you have seen Berkoff#146;s rampant virility on stage? and research how suddenly and convincingly he can shift into a thoroughly feminine tenderness, the point is self-evident.

But what can we say analytically? Are we to eyes awakenings, think that Coriolanus and Aufidius are gay? Others have hinted at something of the research, sort, and persuasive essay not just with regard to this play. Wyndham Lewis again: There is [a] curious demented sensuality that [Shakespeare] is fond of attributing to military rivals, but which is not an element calculated to apa reference research, increase the atmosphere of respect at their feats of daring: it even makes them? the Hotspurs, Achilles, Hals, and from an essay concerning understanding so forth? a little ridiculous. [23] Lewis#146;s #147;demented#148; is apa reference research paper, homophobic of course, but he does point to something real? only to get it all wrong once again.

Berkoff shows us just how wrong? for eyes essay as Berkoff plays him, Coriolanus may very well be gay or bisexual, but that is clearly not what matters. What matters is that he is paper, a tremendous warrior who lives his code with a ferocious joie de vivre and essay writing integrity that even his worst enemy acknowledges and apa reference envies. There certainly was an ample, strident sensuality in Berkoff#146;s Coriolanus; but he was not ridiculous? he was awesome. His submissive or #147;effeminate#148; nature (registered most obviously in his submission to Mother Volumnia), far from eyes awakenings, seeming demented was the most human thing about him (though often comic). If anything, it served to research, increase our appreciation of his warrior prowess. For instance, when Coriolanus storms through the gates of Corioli by himself [24] ? or even when he tosses off his double-breasted, pin stripe suit coat, rolls up his sleeves and gives the rowdy mob a good thrashing to the musical strains of the theme from the Bat Man TV show? we are all the more impressed that this farcical punishment is being administered being by goblin, a man who speaks of real combat as if he were speaking of sex: it#146;s luscious, it#146;s irresistible, it#146;s what makes life worth living for the warrior? a supreme high, a kind of paper, #147;warrior drug.#148; [25] Such language may sound more like a bizarre army recruiting spiel than Shakespeare? but Berkoff stands on emily, solid textual ground here. Apa Reference Paper? After Coriolanus has been banished from Rome, Aufidius (clearly an persuasive conclusion alter-ego to the hero) greets him in Antium with a note of sheer erotic ecstasy: Mine arms about paper, that body, where against.

My grained ash an hundred times hath broke, And scarr#146;d the moon with splinters: here I clip. The anvil of locke an essay concerning human understanding, my sword, and do contest. As hotly as nobly with thy love. As ever in ambitious strength I did. Contend against thy valor. Know thou first,

I loved the maid I married; never man. Sigh#146;d truer breath; but that I see thee here, Thou noble thing! More dances my rapt heart. Than when I first my wedded mistress saw. Bestride my threshold. ( V , v ) What a preposterous (but dazzling) piece of poetry! No historical figures? the homosexual armies of Sparta included? ever spoke like this [26] . But this is theatre, not history; and language aside, only the most provincial among us in the Year of Our Lord 2002 still need to be convinced that gay men can be tough? and as capable of military valor as John Wayne ever was. [27]

In any case, Berkoff#146;s vision of this bloody Roman warrior and lover of warriors was full of an urbane, lyrical laughter, and male-to-male sensuality. The lusty, hugging, back-slapping meetings and mock fights that went on between Coriolanus and his men? and also between him and the General Cominius? were boisterous and strangely tender at once [28] . These warriors love each other. Research Paper? Any other way of putting it would be a distortion. Essay Advice To Youth? That such a love should occasionally verge on erotic intensity may seem surprising to some; but these two ingredients? Coriolanus#146;s homoeroticism and paper his exuberant, laughing joy in it? gave Berkoff#146;s production a strangely moving quality. It wasn#146;t #147;queer Shakespeare#148; for different of essays shock value; it was gender-bending for the sake of dramatic truth: complexity, gradations, overlappings, and apa reference research contradictions rather than rigid male-female dichotomies were what this production found in the warrior life. The scenes of combat between Coriolanus and Aufidius took this all a step further [29] . When the two generals locked up in essay, mortal combat, Berkoff played it entirely with mimed swords? i.e. the actors wielded #147;invisible#148; weapons. There was no sound-effect for the clash of blades? only the mimed shock-wave of arrested force registered in the freeze-frame of crossed blades and contorted bodies, simultaneous with loud, gut-rending grunts from the apa reference, actors. Persuasive Writing Conclusion? After each swing of swords, they stood momentarily face to face, eye to eye in this embrace, trembling in muscular exertion, sweating, growing red, breathing like race horses, pouring pure animal rage into each other#146;s eyes. It was, in short, an orgasmic image. What does Berkoff mean by it?

On the one hand, I think he was simply rendering the rush of combat that some men experience? though not all, by any means [30] . Such a high is apa reference, brought on simply by human biology? the types, so-called #147;fight-flight-or-fuck#148; neurophysiological response that occurs in the body under conditions of extreme stress [31] . This is the ultimate source of the homoeroticism in the play. It does not #147;explain#148; the play or Berkoff#146;s interpretation of it; but it gives us a context and vantage point from which to view the apa reference paper, love-hate relationship that Coriolanus has with his greatest enemy. Thus when Aufidius finally kills Coriolanus, Berkoff staged it as a kind of mock sexual intercourse, with the Volcian warrior standing astride the supine body of his foe, plunging his mimed spear down in locke from human understanding, a furious spasm of consummation. At this moment in the play, all the Berkovian homoerotic laughter was drained off and replaced with cold fury, grief, and confusion [32] . Paper? Which is to emily dickinson belonging, say that gender-bending images in Berkoff are sometimes comic, but they are not mere superficial fun. Life contains more, finally, than gender or laughter can comprehend. It can also contain despairing rage that will sometimes vent itself in a vile parody of the sexual act. So when we see Aufidius #147;fucking#148; Coriolanus in the death scene, it is research paper, not pornographic mockery or camp Freudian symbolism. It is emily thesis, a moment of research, genuine human mystery and tragedy. In another, better world, these men, we now understand, might have been lovers instead of mortal enemies.

4. Berkoff#146;s Mothers and Sons. Coriolanus has a wife and mother, as well as an enemy. Where are the women placed in emily, Berkoff#146;s gender universe? The wife Virgilia stays pretty much where Shakespeare puts her? at the margin. She has few lines and less dramatic impact [33] . Research Paper? She is the mother of the next Coriolanus, a boy who shreds butterflies for fun. Coriolanus is emily dickinson belonging, indifferent to her, and Shakespeare paints her and her friend, Valeria, in chilly colors [34] : The moon of Rome, chaste as the icicle. That#146;s curdied [congealed] by apa reference research paper, the frost from purest snow, And hangs on Dian#146;s temple; (V,iii) It is of essays, not Virgilia who stirs passion in Coriolanus? it is his mother, the formidable Volumnia and the very archetype of a Roman Mother [35] . In my view, she is the key to the play and the center of its gender images.

The costuming of the two women in Berkoff#146;s production was striking. Both wore long, velvet gowns with long trains, Virgilia#146;s in dark lavender, Volumnia#146;s in blood red. Coriolanus#146;s mother is the incarnation of his warrior soul. She declares she would rather lose a dozen sons in apa reference paper, battle than have a single coward survive. She has groomed Coriolanus into prize awakenings essay what he is: the perfect warrior, the incompetent politician. And it is apa reference research paper, she, as mentioned earlier, who nags her son into asking (begging, he would say) for a consulship, which brings on market, his death? and very nearly the destruction of apa reference research paper, Rome as well.

Ultimately, it is she and she alone who saves Rome from her own Frankenstein-monster son whom she has lost control of in her relentless ambition for emily thesis power in research, his name. What kind of conclusion, gender statement does all this make? I think Berkoff and Shakespeare concur: mothers are indeed the Magna Mater, larger, more central, and most importantly, more flexible than sons. Volumnia is apa reference research paper, clearly warrior-like herself? but (and this is everything in the play) she, unlike her son, is not just one thing. Like Homer#146;s Odysseus, Volumnia, as her name hints, is eyes essay, polutropos? many skilled. Paper? She is persuasive essay conclusion, a shrewd politician and a loyal, #147;nurturing#148; Roman (she would never attack her native city, Mother Rome).

She does not confuse ends and means, as Coriolanus does so pitifully. She does not lose her temper (at least not in public, where it would be a political liability). Apa Reference Paper? She knows when to goblin, be still, when to compromise, when to cut her losses, when to sue for peace. She clearly would have made an able consul, or even Senator, herself. Paper? Why none of this is passed on to her male child is concerning human, not stated or intimated in the play? but it is there, a fact looming as large as war itself and research some men#146;s single-minded aptitude for it. These elements are most vividly traced in two scenes? one where Volumnia badgers Coriolanus into trying to advice to youth, gain a consulship, and in the reconciliation scene near the end when she saves Rome but dooms Coriolanus to research, his fate at the hands of the Volcians.

The first is played comically by Berkoff, the second as sheer pathos. When Volumnia forces her son to curry the favor of the plebeians he loathes (III, ii), she exercises her mother#146;s prerogative in an almost merciless way. Surely, we think, she must see this can only persuasive essay writing, end in disaster! But when Coriolanus whines his reluctance, she chides him: #147;Pray be counseled / I have a heart as little apt [compliant] as yours, / But yet a brain that leads my use of anger / To better vantage.#148; She is speaking here, not just as Mommy, but also as the perfect Machiavellian prince? head over heart, long term interest over short, anger as a strategic weapon, not as a self-indulgent trigger to martial prowess for its own sweet sake. In bearing, she is paper, also a mother scolding her child into taking his medicine? he must hold his nose and swallow, damn it! This goes down with Coriolanus like treacle, of different, course, and Berkoff plays it with much mugging and grimacing, as Volumnia continues the apa reference paper, siege: Now, this no more dishonors you at all.

Than to essay writing, take in a town with gentle words. I would dissemble with my nature, where. My fortunes and my friends [ are ] at stake. I prithee now, my son, Go to them with this bonnet in thy hand. Thy knee bussing the stones.

Now humble as the ripest mulberry#133; Again, great poetry and research paper sound political advice? but Coriolanus is someone who cannot dissemble with his nature; and so his answer to Volumnia is the pathetic cry of a boy being told he must stop playing and come in the house. #147;Must I?#148; he groans over and over again? but he#146;s no match for Mom. He crumbles before her like the boy he is at heart (and perhaps knows he is, hence his uncontrollable fury when Aufidius insults him by calling him a boy? i. e., not a warrior). The definitive moment comes with Volumnia#146;s simple statement: #147;You are too absolute.#148; Warriors are like that! we want to say back to emily thesis, her? but she herself is a Roman warrior-matron, caught up in apa reference research, the ethos of an eyes awakenings essay imperial state, and would not hear [36] . Apa Reference Research? Yet as indicated before, Volumnia is to youth, also an ambitious, capable politician. Apa Reference Research? Her tragedy and her son#146;s is that while she cannot be a soldier, she could do all the other things she longs for eyes him to do. He is not #147;man enough#148;? or, since he is apa reference research paper, so inflexible, maybe we should say not woman enough. In the locke from human understanding, reconciliation scene (V, iii) where Coriolanus spares Rome for his mother#146;s sake, similar things occur, but with the comedy of grown-man-turned-peevish-boy entirely absent. This time Coriolanus probably knows in advance that he will lose the argument with his mother once more? and that the consequences will be fatal. I melt and am not. Of stronger earth than others.

My mother bows. As if Olympus to a molehill should. In supplication nod. Like a dull actor now. I have forgot my part and apa reference research I am out [speechless] Now, the an essay understanding, #147;dull actor#148; in Berkoff#146;s lexicon is one who does not perform like a warrior (as the dead metaphor #147;real trooper#148; implies? and research paper hence the essay, #147;full disgrace#148; to research paper, an admirer of Henry Irving.) The Olympus-molehill hyperbole is an extreme expression of the essay to youth, mother-son dynamics operating throughout the play. Here, Coriolanus, would-be sacker of paper, Rome, salutes Volumnia as #147;the most noble mother of the world#148; and essay kneels to apa reference paper, her? only to have her, to his horror, kneel to different, him! She knows exactly what the circumstances demand and, like a warrior, does it.

But the pathos in her words, even as she ruins him, is apa reference paper, immense: #147;Thou art my warrior; / I holp to frame thee#148; (my italics). This doesn#146;t mean that Mother V is about to go easy on sonny, however. Persuasive Writing Conclusion? She charges him with being on research, the verge of: Making the mother, wife, and essay child, to see. The son, the husband, and the father, tearing. His country#146;s bowels out#133; . thou shalt no sooner. March to assault thy country than to tread. (Trust to it, thou shalt not!) on thy mother#146;s womb.

That first brought thee to this world. When Coriolanus still resists momentarily, Volumnia delivers the final blow: This fellow had a Volcian to his mother; His wife is in Corioli, and his child. Like him by chance. Coriolanus simply collapses? responding with words that reanimate and enlarge other themes of the play: O mother, mother! What have you done?

Behold, the heavens do ope, The gods look down, and this unnatural scene. They laugh at. O my mother, mother! O! You have won a happy victory to Rome; But, for your son? believe it, O, believe it!? Most dangerously you have with him prevailed.

Laughter again? but this time icy, abstract, #147;unnatural.#148; Berkoff rolled those #147;o#146;s#148; like the long, lonely howls of a wolf. It was an eerie effect? the confused, grief-stricken juvenile-male wolf being driven away from his mother#146;s den to fend for himself for the first time. (And note how beautifully Berkoff#146;s earlier comic wolf howl about Aufidius prepared us for this moment!) Coriolanus had abandoned Rome, but he had never abandoned his mother, and never could have. Paper? Perhaps he now understands that Volumnia is #147;Mother Rome,#148; the she-wolf that suckled Remus and Romulus. This laughter-gender conjunction, then, produces, not human comedy, but cosmic irony, the kind that ordinarily only the gods can perceive? and inflict on mortals. Coriolanus may have caught a glimpse here of how much bigger than warriors mothers really are [37] . Volumnia has, in effect, spilled his blood when even Mars himself could not do it. (Aufidius is the actual executioner, but he is empowered by Volumnia#146;s prior spiritual defeat of her son.) Before the essay writing conclusion, play ends, however, we do return, briefly and bitterly, to apa reference research, the realm of human laughter. The fatal insult that Aufidius hurls (#147;thou boy of tears#148;) is a blatant lie? but still one that provokes a sense of eyes, betrayal in research paper, Coriolanus as deep, as suggested earlier, as that between lovers.

Taking the bait, Coriolanus snarls back: Boy! False hound! If you have writ your annals true, tis there. That, like an eagle in a dovecote, I. Fluttered your Volcians in eyes, Corioli. A lot depends on apa reference research paper, how we hear the word boy in this speech.

If we hear it as Berkoff wants us to? with ironic compassion? then the issues of gender and laughter align in a coherent, powerful way. If we hear it superficially, if it glints only with macho vanity, then the play teeters on the brink of bathos. It is at precisely this moment that the like of #147;like a warrior#148; is most delicately poised. Persuasive Essay Conclusion? I submit that Berkoff knows perfectly well the risks he runs here, knows that boys and apa reference research paper (supposedly) mature men actually think and writing conclusion talk this way ? and research paper that, from a human point of view, it is pitiful that they do. At the same time, in Berkoff#146;s strong stage voice, these words can cut into almost any man#146;s soul, no matter how mature he is. There is irreducible biological programming under all the strutting bravado that Berkoff wants us to locke from an essay concerning human understanding, honor [38] . #147; Alone I did it.#148;? male vanity and male glory inextricably fused, a boast all the more silly and satisfying because it is true (we#146;ve seen it with our own eyes earlier in apa reference research, the play). Not many men today will admit that this kind of bravado thrills them in persuasive essay conclusion, some fundamental way; but it does? and paper Berkoff, rather than denying it or euphemizing it, glories in it. Goblin? Thus he has it both ways: he lets himself play warrior with grim ferocity? and invites us to laugh at and with him for doing so! This yielded some great theatre? and apa reference research paper also a profound comment on emily belonging thesis, gender in our times as well as Shakespeare#146;s [39] . What Coriolanus means is plain enough. (#147;I#146;m not a boy, I#146;m a warrior? and you damn well know it, Aufidius!#148;) But ironically, the accusation stands? for we have just seen that Coriolanus is a boy when confronted by his mother. Apa Reference? Berkoff#146;s general, then, is in part a stereotypical spoiled brat, a rampant mamma#146;s boy.

Yet in context? given that this boy has just relinquished his lust to essay, burn Rome in revenge for its lack of appreciation of his valor? what does being a boy mean except that he is human, a creature of flesh and blood, laughter and apa reference tears, pride and humility, reason and emotion? and not just a remorseless warrior. This is all that saves Rome. It is all that saves any of us? and I think it is ultimately what attracts Berkoff to essay, this otherwise hugely unattractive character. Coriolanus#146;s epitaph might read: #147;He loved his mother.#148; [40] 5. Apa Reference Paper? Death of a Warrior.

The death scene in Berkoff#146;s Coriolanus was perhaps its most brilliant and violent moment? and its most audacious use of #147;physical theatre.#148; Here is what happens. First, several Volcian soldiers mime stabbing Coriolanus. He falls to the floor, on his back, head to persuasive writing, the audience. Then, in the mock-sexual consummation described earlier, Aufidius mimes spearing him in apa reference research paper, the heart. At first, we think it is essay advice, all over? but no!? Coriolanus moans, grabs the invisible spear which impales him, flexes up on his heels, and proceeds to slowly rotate on its axis 360 degrees until he lies head toward the audience again? where he then, to our utter astonishment, slowly pulls the spear out of apa reference paper, his body, hand over belonging thesis hand. Then and paper only then he dies. It#146;s every actor#146;s dream. (Was there ever a death scene more over the top?) Described in words, it may sound preposterous, but on stage it was fantastically successful. It seemed to prize awakenings essay, last forever, even though it only took a few minutes at most. You could hear a pin drop during it? except for a) the loud thuds of Berkoff#146;s boots on research paper, the floor as he slowly levered himself around on the spear, and b) his grunts of exertion at each rotation. On one level, this scene was macabre? an animal#146;s death, the persuasive essay, last thrashing of a speared lion, an actor#146;s expression of supreme bravado, but ghastly and research paper dream-like.

In the brief moment before Coriolanus is carried off stage, we almost wondered: will he come back to life one more time even now? Then, when he didn#146;t, when we understood that it was only pure will that kept him going and that he was finally biologically dead, there was a crushing sense of despair that arose, an intimation of just how totally all things? gender and laughter included? are annihilated in death. But the play does not end with death? it ends with the belonging thesis, funeral ode of Aufidius. As Coriolanus#146;s body is paper, marched off on the shoulders of the Volcian troops, Aufidius loses his rage and laments: #147;Yet he shall have a noble memory.#148; After the play#146;s long detour into locke human the world of the apa reference research paper, Mother, we are now back in the world of the warrior-code, the essay to youth, homage of one soldier to apa reference research, another. So the line has great ironic tension in it, coming from the man who called this warrior #147;boy#148; and then murdered him. Aufidius had once revered Coriolanus (#147;Thou noble thing!#148;), had loved him more than his bride. Now that he is dead and only a memory, he is emily belonging, noble once more. Warrior and child are one. Apa Reference Research? This may be, in Hardy#146;s words, #147;wishing it might be so#148;? but in the power of the production it seemed fully justified. The line also bears comparison to writing conclusion, the eulogy rendered to Hamlet (Berkoff#146;s #147;moral warrior,#148; remember).

When Horatio bids farewell to research, Hamlet with #147;Flights of angels sing thee to goblin market, thy rest,#148; he invokes the research paper, Christian mythology of afterlife, divine perfection, and absolute salvation. None of that obtains in the pagan setting of Coriolanus, where the dead live eternally only in memory; and though the memory of the awakenings, warrior and his rigid code may be noble in its own way, in its boy#146;s dream of pure valor, here in the real world? with women and children in it? we can no longer accommodate him. He would burn Rome [41] . Research? He is too absolute. The son must die, that the mother might live. Men who love their enemies more than their wives; a fierce warrior who is a little boy; a mother who is a stronger warrior than her soldier son; warriors crying and mothers sternly demanding; mothers giving their sons life and then condemning them to death? these, I argue, are the tropes of gender at work in persuasive essay conclusion, Shakespeare#146;s Coriolanus; and Berkoff exploited them as no one before him had, by bathing them in research, his own virile, keenly ironic laughter. Perhaps such concerns are even more unavoidable in our time than in the Elizabethan age. Dickinson Belonging Thesis? Ours, after all, is the apa reference paper, era of global ecological disaster, ethnic cleansing, and emily dickinson belonging thesis mass starvation, all of which seem to elude correction by even our best-intentioned leaders? most of whom are male and, as such, inheritors of the warrior ethos, however attenuated and euphemized. If #147;the warrior#148; is to have a favorable memory at all, much less a noble one, he must die? and paper soon? that Mother Gaia might live. We all understand that by types, now, don#146;t we?

Shakespeare saw it four hundred years ago. Berkoff sees it too? and makes us see it afresh. The warrior, he says, dies hard? unbelievably hard? but (to adapt a phrase from Dickens) he dies, thank god, he dies! Rome breathes easier with him gone. He could never have been content in the Pax Romana. However, Berkoff#146;s bravura death scene forces a final question to the surface of the play? and research paper exposes the #147;like#148; in his #147;like a warrior#148; ethos once more, in a very poignant way. If Coriolanus had magically defeated death? as he almost seems to do in his prodigious battle with the persuasive conclusion, invisible spear? or if he were resurrected in our own time, who would this warrior be today? A Black Ops guy or Navy Seal, maybe? but where in civilian life could he find the kind of passion and laughter which he once found in war? There#146;s only one place, of course: on the stage, playing himself in one of Shakespeare#146;s most moving and apa reference research paper unnerving plays.

What is the secret of Coriolanus#146;s soul? All we really know is that he is a creature of essay, great passion? of great hates, to be sure, but mostly of apa reference research, great loves? for his mother, his country, his honor, his profession, his men, and himself (in pretty much that order, Berkoff implies? a radical reading of the play in of essays, itself!). Apa Reference Research Paper? What Coriolanus presents is an locke an essay concerning human old, terrible paradox. Love and valor are simply not enough in paper, life? and trying to live as if they were is pretty sure, sooner or later, to dickinson thesis, get you hated, banished, or even killed; but those who live without a supreme dedication to such values have, to some degree, murdered their own humanity, their honor, even their own salvation. This does not sound like a theme compatible with laughter, but in the genius of Berkoff#146;s theatre, it can be. 6. Coda - Berkoffґs Shakespeare and Ours.

I like to research paper, create each production. in a way that has never been conceived or imagined before, as if there had never been a theatre. I approach each piece with the avowed intention of making this the goal and salvation of my life, as if my sanity lies in solving the puzzle [of the different types of essays, play.]? Steven Berkoff [42] The last conventional Shakespeare is research paper, banished from the scene, and emily thesis a variety of unconventional Shakespeares take his place. About any one so great. it is probable that we can never be right; and if we can never be right. we should from time to time change our way of being wrong. Research Paper? ? T. S. Market Essay? Eliot [43] Just how unconventional is Berkoff? I would argue that this is not the best way to put the question. The real issue is: how unconventional was Shakespeare? My answer is: tremendously. In spite of his sometimes near-hysterical fear of research paper, regicide (and its flip side, flattery of the reigning monarch); in spite of the fact that he sometimes clings to a medieval world-view; and in spite of a misogynist moment or two? Shakespeare was, I believe, at some deep spiritual level, a truly radical artist, fully alert to the profound cultural changes which we now call the Renaissance, and dickinson belonging embracing as many of them as he could.

After all, the really conventional plays and playwrights of every era are consigned to oblivion. To last, in art, is to research paper, be #147;unconventional,#148; if not always in surface form, then in inspiration, in vision. Shakespeare may or may not be the writer most responsible for #147;the invention of the goblin, human#148; (as Harold Bloom rather glibly puts it [44] ); but he has spoken to more of us over the last 400 years about what being human means than any other writer in English. So if Berkoff has merely changed our way of apa reference, being wrong about the Bard, we#146;ll know it soon enough. In the meantime, we can revel in concerning, his unconventional productions, warts and all? though to my mind the warts are few if any. Coriolanus is the research, only Berkoff I#146;ve been fortunate enough to see in essay, live performance, but it is not, of course, the only Shakespeare he has mounted. He has also done a much acclaimed (and equally unconventional) Hamlet? and apa reference paper written about both experiences at length [45] . In addition, his own plays are saturated with Shakespearean language, which definitely falls trippingly from his tongue. Berkoff has, I suspect, absorbed the locke from an essay, Bard in a way that few of his peers have.

In one interview, he remarks: #147;I love the language, I love the arias, the musicality. Just to play Shakespeare is very good for the human soul, very spiritually cleansing.#148; [46] These are hardly the apa reference paper, words of advice to youth, a man whose sense of the apa reference research paper, unconventional is limited to costume, stage design, mime, or chances to ham it up (though he loves all that). Sure, his portrait of goblin essay, a Roman general as a strutting Mussolini has a certain shock value? pure theatricality, which the East-End tough in Berkoff no doubt delights in paper, throwing in the face of the RSC Oxford-and-Cambridge crowd. But Shakespeare himself played to the pit more than once? and his raucous spirit of misrule (not just in essay advice to youth, Falstaff or Sir Toby Belch, but more radically and complexly in Caliban) is as much at the heart of apa reference research, his art as are the patrician musings of Hamlet and locke an essay concerning human his Wittenbergian ilk. You might say that Berkoff produces Shakespeare as a liberated Caliban might have? with the kind of fury and wisdom available only to research, those who come from a despised and outcast class. If London#146;s East End was Berkoff#146;s prison, then when he won his freedom? as he surely has over persuasive essay several decades of magnificent work? we should not expect him to act like Ariel. He has done it his way. He has moved across the international theatrical world of apa reference paper, our time in much the same way as Coriolanus sees himself when he is banished from Rome: #147;I go alone / Like to a lonely dragon.#148;

Copyright © 2002 Ken Lauter. Included on essay, the site with the kind permission of Ken Lauter.